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|Papacy began||18 April 310|
|Papacy ended||17 August 310|
|Died||17 August 310|
Sicily, Western Roman Empire
|Feast day||26 September|
His pontificate lasted four months, after which, in consequence of disturbances within the Roman Church which led to acts of violence, he was banished by the emperor Maxentius, who had been the ruler of Rome since 306, and had at first shown himself friendly to the Christians. The difficulty arose, as in the case of his predecessor Pope Marcellus I, out of his attitude toward the lapsi.
Eusebius maintained the attitude of the Roman Church, adopted after the Decian persecutions (250–51), that the apostates should not be forever debarred from ecclesiastical communion, but on the other hand, should be readmitted only after doing proper penance. This view was opposed by a faction of Christians in Rome under the leadership of Heraclius. Johann Peter Kirsch believes it likely that Heraclius was the chief of a party made up of apostates and their followers, who demanded immediate restoration to the Roman Church. Maxentius exiled them both.
Eusebius died in exile in Sicily and was buried in the catacomb of Callixtus. Pope Damasus I placed an epitaph of eight hexameters over his tomb because of his firm defense of ecclesiastical discipline and the banishment which he suffered thereby.
His feast is celebrated on 26 September.
- Butler, Alban. "St. Eusebius, Pope and Confessor", Lives of the Saints, 1866
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Jackson, Samuel Macauley, ed. (1914). "Eusebius". New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls.
- Kirsch, Johann Peter. "Pope St. Eusebius." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 16 Mar. 2015
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