Pope Boniface V
Pope Boniface V (Latin: Bonifatius V; died 25 October 625) was the bishop of Rome from 23 December 619 to his death. He did much for the Christianisation of Anglo-Saxon England, and enacted the decree by which churches became places of sanctuary.
|Papacy began||23 December 619|
|Papacy ended||25 October 625|
|Born||Naples, Byzantine Empire|
|Died||25 October 625 (aged 50)|
|Previous post||Cardinal-Priest of San Sisto|
|Other popes named Boniface|
Boniface came from Naples. His father's name was John. Nothing is known about his career before he became pope. He was elected to succeed Adeodatus I after the latter's death in November 618, but thirteen months of sede vacante ensued before the election was ratified by the imperial government in Constantinople. During that time, Italy was disturbed by the rebellion of the exarch of Ravenna, Eleutherius, who proclaimed himself emperor. Eleutherius advanced towards Rome, but before he reached the city, he was slain by his own troops. Boniface had been loyal to Emperor Heraclius, and his election was ratified on 23 December 619.
Like Adeodatus I, Boniface V opposed Gregory I's pro-monastic policy. For that reason he prescribed that acolytes should not presume to translate the relics of martyrs and that, in the Basilica of Saint John Lateran, they should not take the place of deacons in administering baptism. Boniface made certain enactments relative to the rights of sanctuary, and that he ordered the ecclesiastical notaries to obey the laws of the empire on the subject of wills. Boniface completed and consecrated the cemetery of Saint Nicomedes on the Via Nomentana. In the Liber Pontificalis, Boniface is described as "the mildest of men", whose chief distinction was his great love for the clergy.
Bede writes of the pope's affectionate concern for the English Church. The "letters of exhortation" which he is said to have addressed to Archbishop Mellitus of Canterbury and Bishop Justus of Rochester are no longer extant, but certain other letters of his have been preserved. One is written to Justus after he had succeeded Mellitus as archbishop of Canterbury in 624, conferring the pallium upon him and directing him to "ordain bishops as occasion should require." According to Bede, Pope Boniface also sent letters to King Edwin of Northumbria in 625 urging him to embrace the Christian faith, and to Edwin's Christian wife, Æthelburg of Kent, exhorting her to use her best endeavours for the conversion of her husband.
- Miranda, Salvador. "Bonafacio", Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Florida International University
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Boniface". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 207.
- Attwater, Aubrey (1939). A Dictionary of Popes: From Peter to Pius XII. p. 67-68.
- Oestereich, Thomas. "Pope Boniface V." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 13 October 2017
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope Honorius I". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- Bede. Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum
- Gasquet, Francis Aidan. A Short History of the Catholic Church in England, 19
- Gregorovius, Ferdinand. II, 113
- Hunt, William. The English Church from Its Foundation to the Norman Conquest. Vol. 1. "A History of the English Church", W. R. W. Stephens and William Hunt, ed. London: Macmillan and Co., 1912. 49, 56, 58
- Jaffé, Regesta Pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia ad annum 1198. Berlin, 1851; 2d ed., Leipsic, 1881–88. I, 222
- Jungmann, Dissertationes Selectae in Historiam Ecclesiasticam, II, 389.
- Langen, 506
- Liber Pontificalis (ed. Duchesne), I, 321–322
- Mansi, Gian Domenico. X, 547–554
- Mann, Horace K. Lives of the Popes I, 294–303
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