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Ponchatoula is a small city in Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 6,559 at the 2010 census.

Ponchatoula, Louisiana
City of Ponchatoula
Downtown Ponchatoula
Downtown Ponchatoula
Location of Ponchatoula in Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Ponchatoula in Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 30°26′21″N 90°26′33″W / 30.43917°N 90.44250°W / 30.43917; -90.44250Coordinates: 30°26′21″N 90°26′33″W / 30.43917°N 90.44250°W / 30.43917; -90.44250
StateLouisiana
ParishTangipahoa
Area
 • Total4.58 sq mi (11.87 km2)
 • Land4.57 sq mi (11.84 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
26 ft (8 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,559
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
7,371
 • Density1,577.46/sq mi (609.04/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
70454
Area code(s)985
FIPS code22-61615
WebsiteCity of Ponchatoula, Louisiana

EtymologyEdit

It is speculated that the name is derived from the Choctaw words Pashi meaning "hair" and perhaps itula or itola meaning "to fall" or "to hang" or "flowing" in the Choctaw language [3]

William AkersEdit

Ponchatoula was originally established as a small logging camp around 1820. Then in the year 1839 a man named William Akers moved into town and purchased over 1000 acres from the United States Federal Government. William began farming and harvesting the local virgin pine timber and pulling the logs to a nearby sawmill with teams of oxen. According to some sources William Akers had several native americans working in his timber crew and they provided the name Ponchatoula. It was the native american way of expressing the beauty of the location, with beautiful Spanish moss hanging from the large oak trees.

As more settlers arrived in the area William began selling his land to those families. Then on February 12, 1861 Ponchatoula incorporated as a town. William Akers was appointed as the first mayor and is credited with founding the town.[4][5] In the 1880's Akers reported that he had sold nearly 700 acres of land and only had about 300 acres of land remaining. He was a leader in the Temperance movement and fought hard to keep alcoholic beverages out of Ponchatoula. He was also a member of the local Masonic Lodge and was very active in the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Civil WarEdit

Ponchatoula was pillaged in 1863 by the Union Army during the American Civil War during the Battle of Ponchatoula. Confederate troops withdrew, and the 6th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment occupied the town. Historian John D. Winters describes the fate of Ponchatoula:

Women and children scampered about, begging for protection. There was no Confederate force to be found, and suddenly all discipline crumbled. The men went wild, and they were joined in the orgy of pillage by their corpulent commander Thomas S. Clark. First the depot was sacked, and the men grabbed up bundles and boxes they found stored within. The next targets were the two small stores in the village. The doors were battered in, and the blue-coated soldiers rushed in. [6]

— John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana

William Akers suffered great economic loss as the invading Union Army looted Ponchatoula. According to his testimony they stole dozens of his cattle, hogs, sheep, and oxen. Three of his sons served in the Confederate army and one died in battle in Virginia while serving under Stonewall Jackson. The historic train depot in Ponchatoula was destroyed by the invading forces. The aftermath of the war was described as:

Colonel Clark was disappointed to find no cotton in Ponchatoula, but he consoled himself by gathering all of the mules and wagons in the vicinity, loading them with valuable turpentine and resin and with the plunder of the village, and sending them ... to be loaded aboard waiting schooners. The citizens of the town who remained behind were administered the Federal oath of allegiance and promised protection by the officers. [7]

— John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana
 
The Ponchatoula bank in the year 1912

Early 20th centuryEdit

The train depot which was destroyed during the Civil War was rebuilt in 1895 as the area began to recover from the Civil War. At the turn of the 20th century Ponchatoula began to transform from the lumber industry into a commercial farming community. The main street began filling up with beautiful brick buildings as shops, banks and restaurants were built to accommodate the growing population. The main crop grown by the local farmers was the strawberry. Many of the families who were major farmers during this era, which lasted about eighty years, have their last names engraved on a large plaque in front of city hall.

 
The Peoples Drug Store in the year 1912

Strawberry FestivalEdit

The first Strawberry Festival was held in April of 1972 on the first block of North 6th Street and was co-sponsored by the Ponchatoula Jaycees and the Ponchatoula Chamber of Commerce. The first festival was small and only had 11 booths. It was a two-day event beginning with a baseball game between Southeastern Louisiana University and Wisconsin State. Today it is the second largest event in the state, after Mardi Gras. During the 1980s the local economy changed to tourism, when farming no longer earned enough to sustain the town. The mayor at the time devised a plan to open antique shops where former businesses had been located. There are still about six of these shops in operation. This gave the town a second nickname, "America's Antique City."

GeographyEdit

Ponchatoula is located at 30°26′21″N 90°26′33″W / 30.43917°N 90.44250°W / 30.43917; -90.44250 (30.439162, -90.442507)[8] and has an elevation of 26 feet (7.9 m).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2), all land.

Ponchatoula is located along Interstate 55 and Louisiana Highway 22, equidistant from New Orleans and Baton Rouge. In the early 1900s, Ponchatoula was one of only two ways to reach New Orleans by land, thus earning the moniker "Gateway to New Orleans."

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1870320
1880293−8.4%
189045956.7%
190071154.9%
19101,05548.4%
1920955−9.5%
19302,898203.5%
19404,00138.1%
19504,0902.2%
19604,72715.6%
19704,545−3.9%
19805,46920.3%
19905,425−0.8%
20005,180−4.5%
20106,55926.6%
Est. 20187,371[10]12.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the 2000 census,[12] there were 5,180 people, 1,984 households, and 1,372 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,226.7 people per square mile (473.9/km²). There were 2,175 housing units at an average density of 515.1 per square mile (199.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.20% White, 36.83% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 1,984 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 23.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,244, and the median income for a family was $29,583. Males had a median income of $30,285 versus $18,952 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,157. About 27.9% of families and 31.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.9% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Tangipahoa Parish School System operates public schools:

  • Ponchatoula High School (near Ponchatoula)
  • Ponchatoula Junior High School
  • Martha Vineyard Elementary School (near Ponchatoula)
  • D. C. Reeves Elementary School
  • Perrin Early Learning Center

Visitor attractionsEdit

Ponchatoula hosts Louisiana's Strawberry Festival each April and an Oktoberfest each autumn.

The town is noted for its many antique shops along Pine Street (LA 22), open year-round. Ponchatoula is small, but it has a number of attractions including a sign on the outskirts of town with how many miles it lies from South Dakota's Wall Drug store.

Across Highway 22 from Hardhide is the Collinswood School Museum, a former one-room schoolhouse which exhibits local artifacts and quilts. Between the school museum and the tracks stands the Strawberry Train, which is a steam engine and single passenger car roped off in such a way that children can safely climb into the engine and the car.

The Chamber of Commerce office is located on Highway 22 at the railroad tracks and has information about these and other sights in Ponchatoula and the surrounding area.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 12, 2017.
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/ponchatoulacitylouisiana/PST045218
  3. ^ Sandy Nestor (7 May 2015). Indian Placenames in America. McFarland. pp. 74–. ISBN 978-0-7864-9339-5.
  4. ^ Lindsay, C. H.; Dufreche, Julian. "The History of Ponchatoula". Retrieved 2015-01-04.
  5. ^ Perrin, Jim. "Family History William Akers".
  6. ^ John D. Winters (1 August 1991). The Civil War in Louisiana. LSU Press. pp. 219–. ISBN 978-0-8071-1725-5.
  7. ^ John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963, ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, p. 219
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/ponchatoulacitylouisiana/PST045218
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External linksEdit