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The wreckfish are a family, Polyprionidae in the suborder Percoidei of the order Perciformes.[2]

Polyprion americanus.png
Atlantic wreckfish, Polyprion americanus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Superfamily: Percoidea
Family: Polyprionidae
Bleeker, 1874[1]

see text

They are deep-water marine fish and can be found on the ocean bottom, where they inhabit caves and shipwrecks (thus their common name).[3] Their scientific name is from Greek poly meaning "many" and prion meaning "saw", a reference to their prominent spiny fins.[4]

Atlantic wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) are a long-lived commercial species in the Mediterranean, the south-eastern Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean.[5]


There are four species in two genera:[6]


  1. ^ Richard van der Laan; William N. Eschmeyer & Ronald Fricke (2014). "Family-group names of Recent fishes". Zootaxa. 3882 (2): 001–230.
  2. ^ J. S. Nelson; T. C. Grande; M. V. H. Wilson (2016). Fishes of the World (5th ed.). Wiley. pp. 430–467. ISBN 978-1-118-34233-6.
  3. ^ "Wreckfish". British Sea Fishing. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  4. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). "Polyprion americanus" in FishBase. December 2019 version.
  5. ^ Sedberry, George R.; et al. (1999). "Wreckfish Polyprion americanus in the North Atlantic: fisheries, biology, and management of a widely distributed and long-lived fish" (PDF). American Fisheries Society Symposium. 23: 27–50. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  6. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2019). "Polyprionidae" in FishBase. December 2019 version.