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A Jacob sheep with the polycerate condition

Polycerate, meaning "many-horned", is a term used to describe animals with more than two horns.

Contents

CattleEdit

Cattle can have as many as six horns, and occasionally more. Because horns are no longer widely utilized by humans as drinking vessels, musical instruments or in jewellery, farmers prefer to raise polled (hornless) cattle. The lack of horns reduces injuries to humans and other cattle.[1]

SheepEdit

Polycerate sheep breeds include the Hebridean, Icelandic,[2] Jacob,[3] Manx Loaghtan, Boreray and the Navajo-Churro. One example of a polycerate Shetland sheep was a ram kept by US President Thomas Jefferson for several years in the early 19th century in front of the White House. In the spring of 1808 this ram attacked several people who had taken shortcuts across the square, injuring some and actually killing a small boy.[4] Because of selective breeding, polycerate sheep are increasingly rare in the British Isles[5] and Spain,[6] but some breeds can still be found in Asia.[7] One example is the blackfaced sheep of Tibet.[8]

GoatsEdit

There have been incidents of polycerate goats (having as many as eight horns),[9] although this is a genetic rarity thought to be inherited. The horns are most typically removed in commercial dairy goat herds, to reduce the injuries to humans and other goats.

WildlifeEdit

Antelopes also can be polycerate, for example, the blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus). Both sexes normally possess one pair of large curved horns.[10]

MythologyEdit

Cerastes, a legendary Greek horned serpent, is sometimes described with two horns or with four small ones.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Smith, Mary C; Sherman, David M. (1994). Goat Medicine. ISBN 9780812114782.
  2. ^ The Odd Saga of the American and a Curious Icelandic Flock". Google Books. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  3. ^ Craig Glenday (30 April 2013). Guinness World Records 2013. Bantam Books. pp. 81–. ISBN 978-0-345-54711-8. 
  4. ^ [Monticello web page http://www.monticello.org/site/plantation-and-slavery/sheep]
  5. ^ David Low (1845). On the Domesticated Animals of the British Islands: Comprehending the Natural and Economical History of Species and Varieties; the Description of the Properties of External Form; and Observations on the Principles and Practice of Breeding. Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans. pp. 39–. 
  6. ^ Shuttle, Spindle and Dyepot. Handweavers Guild of America, Incorporated. 1981. 
  7. ^ Agricultural & Horticultural Society of India (1846). Journal. pp. 206–. 
  8. ^ Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India) (1848). Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Bishop's College Press. pp. 1005–. 
  9. ^ Kim Pezza (26 November 2013). Backyard Farming: Raising Goats: For Dairy and Meat. Hatherleigh Press. pp. 112–. ISBN 978-1-57826-474-2. 
  10. ^ Ackermann, R. R.; Brink, J. S.; Vrahimis, S.; De Klerk, B. (29 October 2010). "Hybrid wildebeest (Artiodactyla: Bovidae) provide further evidence for shared signatures of admixture in mammalian crania". South African Journal of Science 106 (11/12): 1–4.