Polonia Bydgoszcz is a Polish sports club based in Bydgoszcz most known for its speedway team ŻKS Polonia Bydgoszcz which currently races in the 1. Liga. The club has won the Polish Speedway League Championship seven times, the latest in 2002, and European Team Championship three times, the latest in 2001. The club also has a football team that plays in the lower leagues, though it was more successful in the past and played in the Polish top division, plus several other departments: athletics, cycling and boccia.

ŻKS Polonia Bydgoszcz
Club information
Track addressStadion Miejski im. Józefa Piłsudskiego
ul. Sportowa 2
Bydgoszcz
CountryPoland
Founded1920; 104 years ago (1920)
Team managerKrzysztof Kanclerz
LeagueEkstraliga 2
WebsiteOfficial website
Club facts
ColoursWhite and Red
Track size348 metres (381 yd)
Track record time59.64 seconds
Track record date8 May 2011
Track record holderEmil Sayfutdinov
Major team honours
Polish League Champions1955, 1971, 1992, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002
Pair Polish Champion1974, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2002
Individual Polish Champion1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002
European Club Champions1998, 1999, 2001

History

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Football match between Polonia Bydgoszcz and Śmigły Wilno in Bydgoszcz in 1935

BKS Polonia Bydgoszcz was founded on May 14, 1920, by Edmund Szyc, a sports enthusiast and an official of Warta Poznań. Szyc, who had come to Bydgoszcz from Poznań in the early spring of 1920, wanted to create a sports organization with a patriotic spirit, based on Polish Army soldiers garrisoned in the city. The colour scheme of Polonia was white-red-green (to commemorate Polish flag, plus green, the traditional colour of Warta Poznań’s jerseys).

In the Second Polish Republic, Polonia Bydgoszcz was one of the largest sports organizations in the nation. It had several departments, such as football, track and field, boxing, ice hockey, cycling, basketball, handball and volleyball. Among the most notable athletes of the time were: Stanisław Zakrzewski (high jumper), Klemens Biniakowski (runner, who participated in the 1928 Summer Olympics), Feliks Więcek (cyclist, winner of the 1928 Tour de Pologne). Polonia’s football team were four times champions of Polish Pomerania, but failed to win promotion to the Ekstraklasa.

After World War II, Polonia was reactivated on October 21, 1945. In 1947, its football team once again won local championships. On May 22, 1946, the speedway department was formed, but in 1949, the so-called First Polonia was dissolved by the Communist authorities, who disliked its prewar, bourgeoisie roots.

In 1949-57, Polonia Bydgoszcz did not exist. On May 24, 1957, BKS Polonia and ZS Gwardia (sports organization supported by Milicja Obywatelska) merged into Milicyjny KS Polonia. The new club took over the traditions of the 1920 organization and quickly emerged as one of the most important sports clubs of the country. Former Gwardia Bydgoszcz was a powerful organization, with a top class football team (promoted to Ekstraklasa in 1953), while its speedway team was the 1955 Polish Champions. Furthermore, several Gwardia’s track and fielders took part in the 1952 Olympic Games in Helsinki. In the early 1950s, Gwardia had as many as 17 departments. Its most famous sports personality of that time was tennis player Jadwiga Jędrzejowska.

The newly established Militia Sports Club Polonia Bydgoszcz took over Gwardia’s hues (red - white - blue), to commemorate the colours of the French Revolution, and to symbolize the new, Communist regime of Poland. In 1962, the name of the club was changed into Bydgoszcz Sports Club (BKS) Polonia, to be changed into Guards Sports Club (GKS) Polonia in 1974. Finally, in 1990, the name Bydgoszcz Sports Club Polonia was returned.

In the late 1980s, GKS Polonia had over 1500 members, including 700 athletes. In 1990, the police authority (former Milicja Obywatelska) withdrew its financial support of the club. As a result, the club was supported by the city government. In 1992, the football team was closed to return in 1994, and the ice hockey department was separated from the organization. In the same year, the speedway team of Polonia won its third Polish Championship.

 
2010 Polonia Bydgoszcz speedway team

By the late 1990s, Polonia had returned to its former glory. Speedway team, with Tomasz Gollob, was four times Polish champion (1997, 1998, 2000, 2002), table tennis team was among the best in the country, and football team won promotion to the third level.

In 2003, local authorities dissolved Polonia Bydgoszcz. The departments of the former organization created their own teams, such as Zuzlowy Klub Sportowy (Speedway Sports Club) Polonia, and the traditions of BKS Polonia are continued by the football team, called Klub Pilkarski (Football Club) Polonia.

Names

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  • 1993-1998: Jutrzenka Polonia Bydgoszcz
  • 2001: Bractwo Polonia Bydgoszcz
  • 2002: PointS Polonia Bydgoszcz
  • 2003: Plusssz Polonia Bydgoszcz
  • 2004-2006: Budlex Polonia Bydgoszcz[1]
  • 2013: Składywęgla.pl Polonia Bydgoszcz[2]
  • 2019: Zooleszcz Polonia Bydgoszcz[3]
  • 2020-:Abramczyk Polonia Bydgoszcz

Management

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Polonia Bydgoszcz since 27 October 2006 is Joint stock company (pl: spółka akcyjna or S.A.).

Speedway section

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History

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Derby match with KS Toruń, 2009

The Klub Sportowy "Polonia" (Sport's Club "Polonia") was created in 1920 and the motorcycle section in 1946. The team participated in the first Team Speedway Polish Championship during the 1948 finishing 3rd in the second division.[4]

The team won the second division in 1949 and in 1951 won the silver medal in the first division.[5] During the 1950s the club became a major force medalling four more times including winning the league and gold medal in winning the 1955.[6]

In 1971 the team won their second gold medal and they won the Polish Pairs Speedway Championship in 1974. Bolesław Proch won the Golden Helmet in 1981.[7] Former rider and coach at the time Mieczysław Połukard was killed in a centre green accident in 1985.

The 1990s and early 2000s was a golden period for the club as they won five Polish team championships, ten Polish Pairs Speedway Championships and eight individual championships (six of them won by Tomasz Gollob). In 1991, Tony Rickardsson and Peter Karlsson became the first foreign riders for the club.[8]

In 2007, the team was relegated from the top division for the first time in their history and the club underwent a period of mediocrity.[9] In 2019 the team won the 2. Liga.

Previous teams

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Extended content

2007 Team

Łopaczewski and Mazur was started only in PC Junior Team and PC Junior Pair

Pos Name Match Heats 1st 2nd 3rd 4th E F X T Pts Bon Total Joker CMA Home Away
13   Andreas Jonsson 11 58 18 23 11 4 1 1 115 6 121 8 2.017 11.00 8.07 2.065 1.963
26   Jonas Davidsson 9 41 11 9 11 8 1 1 62 7 69 1.683 7.67 6.73 1.400 1.952
29   Rafał Okoniewski 15 78 17 22 21 12 4 2 116 12 128 1.641 8.53 6.56 1.973 1.341
33   Krystian Klecha 12 45 8 10 15 9 2 1 59 9 68 1.511 5.67 6.04 1.667 1.278
36   Emil Saifutdinov 9 41 6 10 13 9 3 51 9 60 1.463 6.67 5.85 1.833 1.174
37   Krzysztof Buczkowski 13 56 12 13 13 14 2 2 77 6 83 4 1.446 6.38 5.79 1.586 1.296
38   Michał Szczepaniak 15 70 7 24 14 23 1 1 83 15 98 1.400 6.53 5.60 1.632 1.125
41   Mariusz Staszewski 11 42 6 6 20 9 1 50 7 57 1.357 5.18 5.43 1.632 1.130
42   Marcin Jędrzejewski 13 49 5 1 18 13 1 1 55 11 66 1.347 5.08 5.39 1.762 1.036

2008 Team

2012 Team

2022 team

2023 team

Competitions

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Tomasz Gollob won Criterium of Aces 14 times.

Speedway Grand Prix Polonia Bydgoszcz hosted the Speedway Grand Prix of Poland in the Polonia Bydgoszcz Stadium (1998–99, since 2001). In 2000 Polonia hosted Speedway Grand Prix of Europe. Tomasz Gollob won in Bydgoszcz SGP 6 times.

Pomeranian-Kuyavian Derby The Pomeranian-Kuyavian Derby is the name given to speedway matches between Polonia Bydgoszcz and Unibax Toruń.

Criterium of Aces

The Mieczysław Połukard Criterium of Polish Speedway League Aces (Polish: Kryterium Asów Polskich Lig Żużlowych im. Mieczysława Połukarda) usually referred to as the Criterium of Aces (Kryterium Asów) is an annual speedway event held each year, which is organized by the Polonia Bydgoszcz.

The Criterium of Aces is held in the Polonia Stadium in Bydgoszcz. It is seen by riders and fans as the official opening of the new season. It was first staged in 1982, although a similar meeting was held in the 1951 as Criterium of Aces (Criterium Asów). The most successful rider in Criterium history is Tomasz Gollob (former Polonia's rider). He won Criterium 14 times between 1990 and 2008.

Honours

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Competitions Total Golden medals Silver medals Bronze medals
Total Years Total Years Total Years
Team (DMP)
(since 1948)
25 7 1955, 1971, 1992, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002 7 1951, 1953, 1972, 1986, 1987, 1993, 2005 11 1956, 1957, 1960, 1961, 1964, 1988, 1990, 1995, 2001, 2003, 2006
Team U-21 (MDMP)
(since 1978)
7 1 1976, 1989 3 1986, 1988, 1992 3 1977, 1978, 1987, 2002
Pairs (MPPK)
(since 1974)
18 11 1974, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2002 6 1979, 1992, 1998, 2001, 2005, 2006 1 2010
Pairs U-21 (MMPPK)
(1980 U-23; since 1983)
7 1 1980 4 1985, 1986, 1987, 2006 2 1988, 2001
Individual (IMP)
(since 1948)
18 8 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002 5 1953, 1985, 1998, 1999, 2003 5 1951, 1955, 1972, 1990, 1997
Individual U-21 (MIMP)
(since 1967)
12 8 1970, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1992 1 1987 3 1969, 1976, 1988
Total Polish Championship medals: 87 Gold: 36 Silver: 26 Bronze: 25
Competitions Total I place II place III place
Total Years Total Years Total Years
European Club (KPE)
(since 1998)
3 3 1998, 1999, 2001
Team Cup (DPP)
(?)
0
Golden Helmet (ZK)
(since 1961)
16 10 1981, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002 4 1967, 1972, 1996, 2002 2 2002, 2005
Silver Helmet U-21 (SK)
(since 1966)
13 6 1984, 1986, 1987, 1999, 1992, 2007 2 1968, 1988 5 1966, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988
Bronze Helmet U-19 (BK)
(1976-81; since 1983)
10 2 1984, 2002, 2023 4 1985, 1988, 1995, 1996, 2000 4 1991, 1999, 2005, 2006



Stadium

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Stadion Miejski im. Józefa Piłsudskiego

The stadium is located on ulica Sportowa 2 (Sports Street). It contains 20,000 seats. The track is 348 metres long and has a granite surface. The track record was made by Tomasz Gollob (60.11 sec on June 20, 1999).

Football section

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Polonia Bydgoszcz's football section competes in the IV liga Kuyavia-Pomerania. Their home ground is Stadion Miejski im. Józefa Piłsudskiego.[12]

Ice hockey section

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Polonia Bydgoszcz ice hockey team enjoyed its greatest success in the 1950s and 1960s, when it was twice second (1954, 1955) and twice third (1964, 1965) in the Polish top division.

See also

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References

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  1. ^ "Strategiczni sponsorzy służą żużlowcom Polonii". 26 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Składywęgla.pl Polonia Bydgoszcz - to nowa nazwa żużlowej drużyny [zdjęcia]". 26 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Prezentacja drużyny ZOOleszcz Polonia Bydgoszcz (Galeria)". 6 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Historia Speedway Polsce 1948". Historia Speedway. Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  5. ^ "Historia Speedway Polsce 1951". Historia Speedway. Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  6. ^ "Historia Speedway Polsce 1955". Historia Speedway. Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  7. ^ "Historia Speedway Polsce 1981". Historia Speedway. Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  8. ^ "1991 team stats". Polish Speedway Database. Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  9. ^ "Historia Speedway Polsce 2007". Historia Speedway. Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  10. ^ (pl) www.SportoweFakty.pl Archived 2007-11-12 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ (pl) SportoweFakty.pl
  12. ^ Skarb - Polonia Bydgoszcz. 90minut.pl.