Pollock is a small town in Grant Parish, Louisiana, United States. It is part of the Alexandria, Louisiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 469 as of the 2010 census, up from 376 in 2000. Pollock and southern Grant Parish have been experiencing residential and business growth in recent years. The population of Pollock increased between the 2000 and 2010 censuses as a result of the annexation of the land surrounding a federal prison, the United States Penitentiary, Pollock.
"Growing for the Future"
Location of Pollock in Grant Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
|• Total||7.87 sq mi (20.37 km2)|
|• Land||7.84 sq mi (20.29 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)|
|Elevation||118 ft (36 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||61.77/sq mi (23.85/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
The town proper that sprang up in 1892 around a sawmill was named in honor of the manager of the Big Creek Sawmill and Lumber Company, Captain James W. Pollock.
Pollock was for many years a sundown town, a community that did not allow black people to be there after sundown. Historian Herbert Aptheker reported a sign "N——— stay out of Pollock" at the town's boundary during World War II when he commanded a group of black soldiers nearby. The town's official history notes "the few individuals of African descent" living in the Pollock area left soon after the Colfax riot. The Louisiana Almanac reported that as late as 1990, Pollock still had no black residents.
In 2013, the Pollock Town Hall relocated to the historic Foster house, built in 1913 and donated to the town by its owners, an arrangement devised by Mayor Jerome Scott. The municipal building is located off Louisiana Highway 8 West and across from a public park.
On June 30, 2015, Patricia Marie Connella Gunter, an Independent, resigned as the District D justice of the peace for Grant Parish amid the United States Supreme Court decision in Obergefell v. Hodges, which requires states to offer same-sex marriages and to recognize such unions approved in other states. Gunter is married to the Reverend Brian Keith Gunter, a member of the Republican Party and the pastor of the First Baptist Church of Pollock. Gunter said that she cannot "uphold the oath that I swore, which states that I will uphold the laws of this state and of the country. Same-sex marriage is now the law of the land and eventually, be it a month or a year when the legalities are sorted out, gay marriages will be conducted, and those who refuse would be subjected to ethics complaints and targets for litigation. We just decided that it was best for me to get out of the line of fire when it comes, and it is coming." Gunter had been JP for only four months since her victory in a special election in February 2015.
Pollock is located in southeastern Grant Parish at  and has an elevation of 118 feet (36.0 m). U.S. Route 165 is the main highway through the town, leading north 16 miles (26 km) to Georgetown and south 16 miles to Alexandria. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.3 km2), all land.(31.524760, -92.408866)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 376 people, 157 households, and 108 families residing in the town. The population density was 298.7 people per square mile (115.2/km²). There were 204 housing units at an average density of 162.1 per square mile (62.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.87% White, 0.27% Native American, 0.53% Asian, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.86% of the population.
There were 157 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $25,625, and the median income for a family was $29,063. Males had a median income of $21,250 versus $28,125 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,134. About 20.5% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.3% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructureEdit
Pollock residents are zoned to Grant Parish School Board schools.
- Henry E. Hardtner, timber magnate and Louisiana legislator, was with his brother, Quintin Hardtner, benefactor of the Episcopal Camp Hardtner and Conference Center near Pollock.
- Swords Lee, timber owner from Pollock and Alexandria; former Grant Parish assessor and state representative
- Charlton Lyons, pioneer of the modern Republican Party in Louisiana, was the principal of Pollock High School from 1917 to 1918.
- Russ Springer, pitcher for ten Major League baseball teams spanning eighteen seasons from 1992 until 2010
- Ed Tarpley, district attorney for Grant Parish from 1991 to 1997; reared in Pollock; practices law in Alexandria
- "Town of Pollock, Louisiana". Town of Pollock. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 2, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Pollock town, Louisiana". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- "History of Pollock". Town of Pollock, Louisiana. Retrieved 2011-05-25.
- "Jodi Belgard, Pollock Town Hall moves to historic home". Alexandria Daily Town Talk. Retrieved July 7, 2013. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "Patricia Gunter, May 1986". Louisiana Secretary of State. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- Mark Ballard (July 1, 2015). "'I can't uphold the oath that I swore' so I resign, says one justice of the peace, as others grapple with same-sex marriage". Baton Rouge Advocate. Retrieved July 4, 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "Brian Keith, August 1986". Louisiana Secretary of State. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- Miranda Klein (July 3, 2015). "Justices of peace face quandary over same-sex ruling". The Alexandria Town Talk. Retrieved July 4, 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "USP Pollock." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on May 29, 2010.
- "USP Pollock Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on May 29, 2010.
- "Col. Stephen R. Lee of Alexandria Dies at His Home Feb. 13: Industrial and Political Leader, Descendant of Famous Lees". Winnfield, Louisiana: Winnfield News-American. February 22, 1929. Retrieved May 23, 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- Lyons Family « The Lyons Family