Polkowice [pɔlkɔˈvʲit͡sɛ] (About this soundlisten) (German: Polkwitz) is a town in south-western Poland. It is situated in Lower Silesian Voivodeship. The town is the seat of Polkowice County and of the smaller administrative district called Gmina Polkowice.

Polkowice
Market Square with the town hall and St. Barbara Church
Market Square with the town hall and St. Barbara Church
Flag of Polkowice
Flag
Coat of arms of Polkowice
Coat of arms
Polkowice is located in Poland
Polkowice
Polkowice
Polkowice is located in Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Polkowice
Polkowice
Coordinates: 51°30′N 16°04′E / 51.500°N 16.067°E / 51.500; 16.067
Country Poland
Voivodeship Lower Silesian
CountyPolkowice County
GminaGmina Polkowice
Government
 • MayorŁukasz Puźniecki
Area
 • Total23.75 km2 (9.17 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total22,279
 • Density940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
59-100, 59-101
Area code(s)+48 76
Car platesDPL
ClimateDfb
Websitehttp://www.polkowice.pl

GeographyEdit

Polkowice is located in historic Lower Silesia, about 15 km (9 mi) northwest of Lubin on National road 3. The nearest airport is Wrocław–Copernicus Airport, located 72 km (45 mi) from Polkowice.

Situated in a traditional mining region, the town is part of the largest industrial copper-extraction area in Poland, with a copper-processing plant operating nearby. Nearby Polkowice Dolne is the site of a former State Agricultural Farm (PGR) and, since 1998, of a Volkswagen diesel engine plant, another major employer in the region.

Designated as an urban-type settlement from 1945, Polkowice regained town status in 1967. From 1975–1998 it was in the former Legnica Voivodeship.

HistoryEdit

 
St Michael Archangel Church

The name of the town is probably derived from Slavic (Old Polish) Boleslaw, meaning "great glory", a favoured dynastic name in the Polish royal House of Piast. According to legend, The Silesian duke Bolesław I the Tall (1127–1201) had a hunting lodge erected near the later town, later called Bolkewice or, adjusted to the German pronunciation, Polkovicz (1333). In the Statuta synodalia episcoporum Wratislaviensium from 1475 the town is named Polkewicze and Polkowice. As a result of the fragmentation of Poland into smaller duchies, it became part of the Duchy of Silesia, and later on the Duchy of Głogów. Polkowice was mentioned as a town (civitas) in a 1276 deed. It remained part of the Duchy of Głogów, ruled by the Polish houses of Piast and Jagiellon, including future Polish kings John I Albert and Sigismund I the Old, until the duchy's dissolution in 1506, when it was incorporated into the Bohemian (Czech) Kingdom.

Parts of the medieval town were destroyed by a blaze in 1457, it suffered further damages during the Thirty Years' War and by a plague epidemic in 1680. After the First Silesian War in 1742, the town was annexed by Prussia as Polkwitz and later incorporated into the Province of Silesia. Between 1871 and 1945 the town was part of Germany and was renamed Heerwegen in 1937 by German Nazi authorities during a campaign of erasing placenames of Polish origin. After Germany's defeat in World War II, the town once again became part of Poland.

In 2005 the neighbouring village of Polkowice Dolne was included within the town limits.

EducationEdit

  • Lower Silesian College of Enterprise and Technology (Dolnośląska Wyższa Szkoła Przedsiębiorczości i Techniki)

SportEdit

GalleryEdit

International relationsEdit

Polkowice is twinned with:

Coordinates: 51°30′N 16°04′E / 51.500°N 16.067°E / 51.500; 16.067