Politics of Martinique

Martinique is an overseas Territorial collectivity of France, with the same political status as regions and departments in mainland France. The administrative centre of Martinique is located in Fort-de-France.

During the referendum of 24 January 2010, the residents of Martinique approved by 68.4% the creation of a new and unique territorial collectivity which is governed by the section 73 of the French Constitution. The territorial collectivity of Martinique replaces and exercises all the related power and duties of the department's General Council and the Regional Council.

Gran Sanblé pou ba peyi an chans, a coalition of the Martinican Independence Movement and right-wing parties, led by Alfred Marie-Jeanne defeated Ensemble pour une Martinique Nouvelle [fr], a coalition of left-wing parties, led by Serge Letchimy, winning 33 seats out of 51 seats of the new Territorial Collectivity's assembly during the election held on December 13, 2015 in Martinique.[1]

On December 18, 2015 Alfred Marie-Jeanne was elected the first president of the Executive Council of the Territorial Collectivity of Martinique.[2]

Assembly of MartiniqueEdit

The Assembly of the Territorial Collectivity of Martinique is composed of 51 members elected by proportional representation in two rounds with each list having an equal number of male and female candidates. The term of the Assembly is 6 years. The current president of the assembly is Claude Lise.[3]

Party seats
Gran Sanblé pou pa peyi an chans 33
Ensemble pour une Martinique Nouvelle 18

General Council of MartiniqueEdit

The General Council of Martinique was composed of 45 seats whose members were elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms. The last President of the General Council was Josette Manin.

Party seats
Miscellaneous Left 21
Martinican Progressive Party 10
Miscellaneous Right 4
Union for a Popular Movement 3
Other regionalists 3
Martinican Independence Movement 2
Socialist Party 2

Regional Council of MartiniqueEdit

The Regional Council was composed of 41 seats whose members were elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms. The last President of the Regional Council was Serge Letchimy.

Party seats
Martinican Independence Movement 28
Martinican Progressive Party 9

Parliamentary representationEdit

Notable representatives may be found in Category:Martiniquais politicians

French Senate, 2 seatsEdit

Martinique elects 2 seats to the French Senate; indirect elections were last held in September 2004. The Martinican Progressive Party won 1 senator and one other left-wing candidate was elected.

French National Assembly, 4 seatsEdit

Martinique also elects 4 seats to the French National Assembly, the last elections were held in June 2007. The Union for a Popular Movement elected 1 deputy (Alfred Almont), the Socialist Party elected 1 (Louis-Joseph Manscour), the nationalist Martinican Independence Movement elected 1 (Alfred Marie-Jeanne), and the Martinican Progressive Party also elected 1(Serge Letchimy, mayor of Fort de France).

Current Deputies
Constituency Member Party
1st Louis-Joseph Manscour PS
2nd Alfred Almont UMP
3rd Serge Letchimy PPM
4th Alfred Marie-Jeanne MIM

Judicial systemEdit

In Martinique, the French system of justice is in force with there being two lower courts (tribunaux d’instance), one higher court (tribunal de grande instance), one administrative court, and a commercial court. The Court of Appeal at Fort-de-France also has jurisdiction over other countries such as French Guiana.[4][5]

With regard to the legal profession, it is known that women have been practicing law since 1945 when Andrée Pierre-Rose Bocaly became an attorney. She would be followed by Marcelle Yang-ting, Marie-Thérèse Yoyo-Likao, and Marie-Alice André-Jaccoulet (1969) in sequence.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "La liste d'Alfred Marie-Jeanne remporte les élections territoriales 2015" (in French). 14 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Alfred Marie-Jeanne : " je serai le président de tous les Martiniquais "" (in French). 18 December 2015.
  3. ^ "CTM : Claude Lise élu président de l'Assemblée, les 4 vice-présidents connus" (in French). 18 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Martinique | Island". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  5. ^ Newman, Graeme R. (2010-10-19). Crime and Punishment around the World [4 volumes]: [Four Volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313351341.