Political party strength in Georgia (U.S. state)
This article is missing information about members of Congress and state officials before the Reconstruction Era.February 2019)(
- Lieutenant Governor
- Secretary of State
- Attorney General
- State School Superintendent
- Commissioner of Agriculture
- Commissioner of Insurance
- Commissioner of Labor
The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:
- State Senate
- State House of Representatives
- State Public Service Commission
- State delegation to the United States Senate
- State delegation to the United States House of Representatives
For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.
The parties are as follows: Constitutional Union (CU), Democratic (D), Democratic-Republican (DR), Democratic-Republican—Clark faction (DR-C), Democratic-Republican—Jackson faction (DR-J), Democratic-Republican—Troup faction (DR-T), Federalist (F), Independent (I), Military (M), (N), no partyUnion (U), Populist (P), Republican (R), (SR), and Southern RightsWhig (W). Darker shading indicates confirmed partisan affiliation or majority; lighter shading indicates likely, but unconfirmed, partisan affiliation or majority.
|Year||Executive offices||General Assembly||Pub. Ser. Comm.||United States Congress||Electoral College votes|
|Governor||Lt. Governor||Sec. of State||Atty. Gen.||School Supt.||Comm. of Ag.||Comm. of Ins.||Comm. of Labor||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class II)||U.S. Senator (Class III)||U.S. House|
|1775||William Ewen (N/W)||no such office||no such office||no such office|
|George Walton (N/W)|
|William Ewen (N/W)|
|Archibald Bulloch (N/W)|
|1777||John Milton (F)|
|Button Gwinnett (N/W)|
|John A. Treutlen (N/W)|
|1778||John Houstoun (N/W)|
|1779||William Glascock (N/W)|
|Seth John Cuthbert (N/W)|
|John Wereat (N/W)|
|George Walton (N/W)|
|1780||Richard Howly (N/W)||John Milledge|
|Humphrey Wells (N/W)|
|Stephen Heard (N/W)|
|Myrick Davies (N/W)|
|Nathan Brownson (N)|
|1782||John Martin (N)|
|1783||Lyman Hall (N)|
|1784||John Houstoun (N)|
|1785||Samuel Elbert (N)||Nathaniel Pendleton|
|1786||Edward Telfair (N)|
|1787||George Mathews (N)||Matthew Hall McAllister|
|1788||George Handley (N)|
|1789||George Walton (DR)||unknown||George Washington (N)|
|1791||Edward Telfair (DR)|
|1794||George Mathews (DR)|
|1796||Jared Irwin (DR)||David Brydie Mitchell||Thomas Jefferson (D-R) N|
|1798||James Jackson (DR-J)|
|1800||Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr|
|David Emanuel (DR-J)|
|1802||Josiah Tattnall, Sr. (DR-J)|
|John Milledge (DR-J)|
|1804||Thomas Jefferson and George Clinton (D-R)|
|Jared Irwin (DR-J)|
|1808||John Hamil||James Monroe and George Clinton (D-R)|
|1810||David Brydie Mitchell (DR-J)|
|1811||Abner Hammond||Alexander M. Allen|
|1812||Richard Henry Wilde||James Madison and Elbridge Gerry (D-R)|
|1813||Alexander M. Allen|
|1814||Peter Early (DR-J)|
|1816||David Brydie Mitchell (DR-J)||Roger Lawson Gamble||James Monroe and Daniel D. Tompkins (D-R)|
|William Rabun (DR-T)|
|Matthew Talbot (DR-C)|
|1820||John Clark (DR-C)|
|1822||Thomas F. Wells|
|1824||George M. Troup (DR-T)||William H. Crawford and Nathaniel Macon (D-R) N|
|1827||George W. Crawford|
|1828||John Forsyth (DR-T)||Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun (D)|
|1830||George R. Gilmer (DR-T)|
|1831||Charles Jones Jenkins (D)|
|1832||Wilson Lumpkin (U/D)||Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren (D)|
|1833||William A. Tennille|
|1836||William Schley (U/D)||54U, 31 Southern Rights||102U, 68 Southern Rights||Hugh Lawson White and John Tyler (W) N|
|1838||George R. Gilmer (SR/W)||50 Southern Rights, 42U||103 Southern Rights, 88U|
|1839||50U, 37 Southern Rights||96U, 76 Southern Rights|
|1840||Charles J. McDonald (U/D)||James Gardner||46 Southern Rights, 28U, 1 tie||102U, 94 Southern Rights, 1?||William H. Harrison and John Tyler (W)|
|1841||48W, 44D||118W, 88D|
|1842||51D, 38W, 1 tie||109D, 91W, 2 ties|
|1843||Nathan Crawford Barnett (D)||John J. R. Flournoy||55D, 36W, 2 ties||118D, 87W, 2 ties|
|1844||George W. Crawford (W)||49D, 43W, 1?||124W, 81D||James K. Polk and George M. Dallas (D)|
|1846||25D, 22W||69D, 60W, 1 tie|
|1848||George W. Towns (D)||25W, 21D, 1I||68W, 62D||Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore (W)|
|1849||George Washington Harrison|
|1850||25D, 22W||65W, 61D, 1 tie, 3?|
|1851||Nathan Crawford Barnett (D)||John Troup Shewmake (R)|
|1852||Howell Cobb (CU/D)||39U, 8 Southern Rights||104U, 29 Southern Rights||Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D)|
|1853||Elihu P. Watkins|
|1854||Herschel V. Johnson (D)||78D, 33A||92D, 55A|
|1855||William R. McLaws|
|1856||78D, 33A||92D, 55A, 1ID||James Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge (D)|
|1858||Joseph E. Brown (D)||86D, 32A||102D, 51A, 1ID, 1I|
|1859||Alpheus M. Rogers|
|1860||103D, 21O||120D, 48O, 1ID, 1I||John C. Breckinridge and Joseph Lane (Southern Democratic) N|
|1861||Nathan Crawford Barnett (D)||Winder P. Johnson|
|1862||William Watts Montgomery||American Civil War and Reconstruction Era|
|1864||American Civil War|
|James Johnson (D)||George Thomas Barnes (D)|
|1866||Charles J. Jenkins (D)||John Philpot Curren Whitehead|
|1868||Thomas H. Ruger (M)||Horatio Seymour and Francis P. Blair, Jr. (D) N|
|Rufus B. Bullock (R)||David G. Cotting (R)||Henry P. Farrow|
|1869||26R, 18D||88D, 84R, 3?|
|1871||29D, 14R, 1I||136D, 29R, 1I, 1?|
|Benjamin Conley (R)|
|1872||James Milton Smith (D)||N. J. Hammond (D)||Benjamin Gratz Brown (LR) N|
|1873||Nathan Crawford Barnett (D)||40D, 4R||161D, 14R|
|1875||43D, 1R||168D, 7R|
|1876||Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) N|
|1877||Alfred H. Colquitt (D)||Robert N. Ely||40D, 3ID, 1R||159D, 8R, 8I|
|1880||Clifford Anderson||Joseph E. Brown (D)||Winfield S. Hancock and William H. English (D) N|
|1881||43D, 1R||165D, 10R|
|1883||Alexander H. Stephens (D)||44D||167D, 5I, 2R, 1 Proh.||Alfred H. Colquitt (D)||10D|
|James S. Boynton (D)|
|Henry D. McDaniel (D)|
|1884||Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks (D)|
|1887||John B. Gordon (D)||39D, 2R, 2I, 1 Lab.||150D, 10R, 10I, 5 Lab.|
|1888||Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D) N|
|1889||43D, 1R||172D, 3R|
|1890||George N. Lester|
|Philip Cook, Sr. (D)|
|1891||William J. Northen (D)||W. A. Little||D||D||D||44D||171D, 4R||D -||John Brown Gordon (D)||9D, 1P|
|1892||J. M. Terrell||D||D||D||D -||Grover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D)|
|1893||D||D||D||43D, 1P||159D, 11P, 4R, 1?||D -||11D|
|1894||D||D||D||D -||Patrick Walsh (D)|
|Allen D. Candler (D)|
|1895||William Yates Atkinson (D)||D||D||D||38D, 5P, 1R||126D, 47P, 2R||D -||Augustus Octavius Bacon (D)|
|1896||D||D||D||D -||William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall (D) N|
|1897||D||D||D||37D, 6P, 1R||142D, 30P, 3R||D -||Alexander S. Clay (D)|
|1898||William C. Clifton (D)||D||D||D||D -|
|Philip Cook, Jr. (D)|
|1899||Allen D. Candler (D)||D||D||D||43D, 1R||170D, 5P||D -|
|1900||D||D||D||D -||William Jennings Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D) N|
|1901||D||D||D||166D, 9P||D -|
|1902||Boykin Wright||D||D||D||D -|
|1903||Joseph M. Terrell (D)||John C. Hart||D||D||D||40D, 2R, 2P||171D, 3R, 1P||D -|
|1904||D||D||D||D -||Alton B. Parker and Henry G. Davis (D) N|
|1905||D||D||D||44D||173D, 2R||D -|
|1907||D||D||D||170D, 3R, 2 Peop., 8?||D -|
|M. Hoke Smith (D)|
|1908||D||D||D||D -||William Jennings Bryan and John W. Kern (D) N|
|Joseph M. Brown (D)|
|Hewlett A. Hall||Joseph M. Terrell (D)|
|1911||D||D||D||43D, 1R||183D, 1R||D -|
|M. Hoke Smith (D)||Thomas S. Felder|
|John M. Slaton (D)||M. Hoke Smith (D)|
|1912||Joseph M. Brown (D)||D||D||D||D -||Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D)|
|1913||John M. Slaton (D)||D||D||D||D -||12D|
|1914||Warren Grice (D)||D||D||D||D -|
|William S. West (D)|
|Thomas W. Hardwick (D)|
|1915||Nathaniel E. Harris (D)||Clifford Walker (D)||D||D||D||188D, 1R||D -|
|1917||Hugh M. Dorsey (D)||D||D||D||44D||D -|
|Henry Strange (D)|
|1919||Samuel McLendon (D)||D||D||D||51D||190D, 3R||D -||William J. Harris (D)|
|1920||R. A. Denny||D||D||D||D -||James M. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) N|
|1921||Thomas W. Hardwick (D)||George M. Napier (D)||D||D||D||50D, 1R||202D, 4R||D -||Thomas E. Watson (D)|
|Rebecca Latimer Felton (D)|
|Walter F. George (D)|
|1923||Clifford Walker (D)||D||D||D||51D||205D, 1R||D -|
|1924||D||D||D||D -||John W. Davis and Charles W. Bryan (D) N|
|1925||D||D||D||50D, 1R||204D, 2R||D -|
|1927||Lamartine G. Hardman (D)||D||D||D||D -|
|1928||D||D||D||D -||Al Smith and Joseph Taylor Robinson (D) N|
|George Carswell (D)|
|1929||D||D||D||51D||204D, 3R||D -|
|1931||Richard Russell, Jr. (D)||John B. Wilson (D)||D||D||D||50D, 1R||207D||D -|
|1932||D||D||D||D -||Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D)|
|Lawrence S. Camp (D)||John S. Cohen (D)|
|1933||Eugene Talmadge (D)||M. J. Yeomans||D||D||D||205D||D -||Richard Russell, Jr. (D)||10D|
|1935||D||D||D||203D, 2R||D -|
|1937||Eurith D. Rivers (D)||D||D||D||204D, 1R||D -|
|1938||D||D||D||Ben Huiet (D)||D -|
|1939||D||D||D||51D, 1R||D -|
|Ellis Arnall (D)|
|1940||D||D||D||D -||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D)|
|1941||Eugene Talmadge (D)||D||D||D||D -|
|1943||Ellis Arnall (D)||Grady Head||D||D||D||D -|
|1944||D||D||D||D -||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D)|
|1945||Eugene Cook (D)||D||D||D||D -|
|Ben Fortson (D)|
|1947||Melvin E. Thompson (D)||D||D||D||53D, 1R||D -|
|Herman Talmadge (D)|
|Melvin E. Thompson (D)||vacant|
|1948||D||D||D||D -||Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D)|
|Herman Talmadge (D)||Marvin Griffin (D)|
|1949||D||D||D||203D, 2R||D -|
|1951||D||D||D||54D||204D, 1R||D -|
|1952||D||D||D||D -||Adlai Stevenson and John Sparkman (D) N|
|1953||D||D||D||53D, 1R||D -|
|1955||Marvin Griffin (D)||Ernest Vandiver (D)||D||D||D||202D, 3R||D -|
|1956||D||D||D||D -||Adlai Stevenson and Estes Kefauver (D) N|
|1957||D||D||D||D -||Herman Talmadge (D)|
|1959||Ernest Vandiver (D)||Garland T. Byrd (D)||D||D||D||D -|
|1960||D||D||D||D -||John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson (D)|
|1961||D||D||D||203D, 2R||D -|
|1963||Carl Sanders (D)||Peter Zack Geer (D)||D||D||D||50D, 4R||D -|
|1964||D||D||D||D -||Barry Goldwater and William E. Miller (R) N|
|1965||Arthur K. Bolton||D||D||D||44D, 9R, 2I||198D, 7R||D -||9D, 1R|
|1966||D||D||D||188D, 17R||D -|
|1967||Lester Maddox (D)||George T. Smith (D)||D||D||James L. Bentley (R)||Sam Caldwell (D)||46D, 7R, 1I||183D, 22R||D -||8D, 2R|
|1968||D||D||D -||George Wallace and Curtis LeMay (I) N|
|1969||D||Tommy Irvin (D)||48D, 7R, 1I||169D, 26R||D -|
|1971||Jimmy Carter (D)||Lester Maddox (D)||D||D -||50D, 6R||173D, 22R||D -|
|David H. Gambrell (D)|
|1972||D||D||D -||Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)|
|Sam Nunn (D)|
|1973||D||D||48D, 8R||152D, 27R||D -||9D, 1R|
|1975||George Busbee (D)||Zell Miller (D)||D||D||51D, 5R||155D, 24R||D -||10D|
|1976||D||D||D -||Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D)|
|1977||D||D||52D, 4R||158D, 24R||D -|
|1979||D||D||51D, 5R||160D, 20R||D -||9D, 1R|
|David Poythress (D)|
|1980||D||D||D -||Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D) N|
|1981||Mike Bowers (D)||D||D||157D, 23R||D -||Mack Mattingly (R)|
|1983||Joe Frank Harris (D)||Max Cleland (D)||D||D||49D, 7R||156D, 24R||D -|
|1984||D||D||Joe Tanner (D)||D -||Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R)|
|1985||D||D||47D, 9R||154D, 26R||D -||8D, 2R|
|1987||Werner Rogers (D)||D||46D, 10R||153D, 27R||D -||Wyche Fowler (D)|
|1988||D||D -||George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R)|
|1989||D||45D, 11R||145D, 35R||D -||9D, 1R|
|1990||D||Ray Hollingsworth (D)||D -|
|1991||Zell Miller (D)||Pierre Howard (D)||Tim Ryles (D)||Al Scott (D)||144D, 36R||D -|
|1992||David Poythress (D)||D -||Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D)|
|1993||39D, 17R||128D, 52R||D -||Paul Coverdell (R)||7D, 4R|
|1994||Mike Bowers (R)||D -|
|1995||Linda Schrenko (R)||John Oxendine (R)||36D, 20R||114D, 66R||R -||7R, 4D|
|1996||R -||Bob Dole and Jack Kemp (R) N|
|1997||Lewis Massey (D)||34D, 22R||102D, 78R||R -||Max Cleland (D)|
|Thurbert Baker (D)|
|Marti Fullerton (D)|
|1999||Roy Barnes (D)||Mark Taylor (D)||Cathy Cox (D)||Michael Thurmond (D)||R, D|
|2000||R, D||George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (R)|
|Zell Miller (D)|
|2001||32D, 24R||105D, 74R, 1I||R, D|
|2003||Sonny Perdue (R)||Kathy Cox (R)||30R, 26D||107D, 72R, 1I||R, D||Saxby Chambliss (R)||8R, 5D|
|2005||34R, 22D||99R, 80D, 1I||4R, 1D||Johnny Isakson (R)||7R, 6D|
|2007||Casey Cagle (R)||Karen Handel (R)||106R, 74D||5R|
|2008||John McCain and Sarah Palin (R) N|
|2009||105R, 74D, 1I|
|2010||Brian Kemp (R)||Brad Bryant (I)|
|2011||Nathan Deal (R)||Sam Olens (R)||John Barge (R)||Gary Black (R)||Ralph Hudgens (R)||Mark Butler (R)||35R, 21D||116R, 63D, 1I||8R, 5D|
|2012||Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan (R) N|
|2013||38R, 18D||119R, 60D, 1I||9R, 5D|
|2015||Richard Woods (R)||David Perdue (R)||10R, 4D|
|2016||39R, 17D||Donald Trump and Mike Pence (R)|
|2017||Christopher M. Carr (R)||38R, 18D||118R, 62D|
|2019||Brian Kemp (R)||Geoff Duncan (R)||Brad Raffensperger (R)||Jim Beck (R)||35R, 21D||106R, 74D||9R, 5D|
|Year||Governor||Lt. Governor||Sec. of State||Atty. Gen.||School Supt.||Comm. of Ag.||Comm. of Ins.||Comm. of Labor||State Senate||State House||Pub. Ser. Comm.||U.S. Senator (Class II)||U.S. Senator (Class III)||U.S. House||Electoral College votes|
|Executive offices||General Assembly||United States Congress|
- President of Council of Safety.
- Not a formal political party, and not to be confused with the 19th-century Whig Party.
- Position of lieutenant governor created in 1945 and first elected in 1946.
- Died in office.
- Died in office; after losing his bid for re-election, Gwinnett was wounded in a duel with Lachlin McIntosh on May 6, 1777 and died of his wounds two days later.
- President of Executive Council.
- Temporary governor.
- President of Supreme Executive Council.
- Resigned in favor of Stephen Heard.
- Resigned to take elected seat in the United States Senate.
- As president of the state Senate, filled unexpired term.
- Resigned due to declining health.
- Resigned to become agent to the Creek people.
- The Troup party was essentially the continuation of the Jackson faction (followers of James Jackson).
- Resigned following the defeat of the Confederate States of America.
- Provisional governor appointed by President Andrew Johnson following American Civil War.
- Removed from office by the military because he refused to allow state funds to be used for a racially integrated state constitutional convention; the state was still under military occupation during Reconstruction.
- Provisional governor appointed by General George Meade.
- Resigned; fled the state to avoid impeachment; was arrested in 1876 and found not guilty of embezzlement.
- As president of the state Senate, became governor until election.
- Liberal Republican nominee Horace Greeley died before the Electoral College voted. 6 of Georgia's 11 votes went to Greeley's running mate Brown, while 3 went to Greeley and 2 went to Democratic Georgia Governor Charles J. Jenkins
- Filled vacancy.
- The Georgia Department of Labor was created in 1937 and placed under the control of an elected commissioner. About Us | Georgia Department of Labor
- In 1939 Governor Eurith D. Rivers appointed Ellis Arnall to a vacancy in the office of attorney general.
- Appointed secretary of state in 1946 to fill the unexpired term of John B. Wilson, who died in office. Ben Fortson (1904-1979)
- Eugene Talmadge was elected to a third non-consecutive term in 1946 but died before taking office. Incumbent Governor Ellis Arnall and Lieutenant Governor-elect Melvin E. Thompson both claimed the office. The state legislature chose Eugene Talmadge's son, Herman Talmadge, to be governor, and he took office in January 1947, but the state Supreme Court later that year declared this unconstitutional and declared Thompson the rightful acting governor, and Talmadge stepped down after 67 days in office.
- Talmadge defeated Thompson in a special election in September 1948.
- Governor George Busbee appointed Poythress secretary of state to fill a vacancy created by the death of Fortson. Count to '10, and a Fun Race for Governor
- Resigned to accept an appointment as commissioner of the state Department of Natural Resources. Count to '10, and a Fun Race for Governor
- Poythress was elected to fill Tanner's unexpired term. Count to '10, and a Fun Race for Governor
- In 2000 Paul Coverdell died; Governor Roy Barnes appointed Zell Miller.
- In 1994 Incumbent Democrat Mike Bowers switched parties to Republican.
- In April 1995 incumbent Democrat Nathan Deal switched parties to Republican.
- Governor Zell Miller appointed Massey secretary of state upon Cleland's election to the U.S. Senate.
- In 1997 incumbent Mike Bowers resigned; Governor Zell Miller appointed Thurbert Baker.
- Served on an interim basis after Poythress resigned in order to run for governor.
- Recently reelected incumbent Democrats Don Cheeks, Dan Lee, Rooney Bowen, and Jack Hill switched parties to Republican between the November 2002 election and the beginning of the legislative session in January 2003.
- Brian Kemp was appointed Secretary of State, January 4, 2010, to fill the unexpired term of Karen Handel, who resigned to seek the Republican gubernatorial nomination.
- Brad Bryant was appointed State School Superintendent, July 1, 2010, to fill the unexpired term of Kathy Cox, who resigned to accept a position with an education think tank.
- Tim Golden switched from the Democratic to the Republican Party after the November 2, 2010 General Election.
- Eight state representatives --Ellis Black, Amy Carter , Mike Cheokas, Bubber Epps, Gerald Greene, Bob Hanner, Doug McKillip and Alan Powell-- switched from the Democratic to the Republican Party after the November 2, 2010 General Election.
- JaNice Van Ness won a special election to succeed Ronald Ramsey, flipping the seat from Democrat to Republican.