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Political Fictions is a 2001 book of essays by Joan Didion on the American political process.

Political Fictions
2001 trade paperback cover
AuthorJoan Didion
CountryUnited States
Publication date
Media typePrint (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages352 pp (Knopf hardcover edition)
ISBN0-375-41338-3 (Knopf hardcover edition)
973.929 21
LC ClassE839.5 .D52 2001

In it, Didion records the election of George H.W. Bush and his defeat by Bill Clinton, the Republican takeover of Congress in the 1994 elections, Clinton's impeachment, and the 2000 race between George W. Bush and Al Gore.

The collection includes three essays previously published as the "Washington" section of After Henry written for The New York Review of Books between October 1988 and October 2000.


President Clinton's affair with Monica Lewinsky, the intern's association with Linda Tripp, and their entanglement with Special Prosecutor Kenneth Starr provides the book's central material.[1]

Didion evolves this into a close dissection of how the press casts and shapes the news, and helps promote a scandal. It is, as Didion writes, a story of "that handful of insiders who invent, year in and year out, the narrative of public life."[2] The narrative, she writes, "is made up of many understandings ... to overlook the observable in the interests of obtaining a dramatic story line."[3]

She implies that this shift to a more purely performative, logistically cynical, media-narrative determined politics is a functionally emergent, if possibly only semi-consciously intentional strategy to mask the American voters disenfranchisement. As she mentions in the book's foreword, "We'd reached the zero-sum point towards which the process had been moving, the moment in which the Republican's determination to maximize their traditional low-turnout advantage was perfectly matched by the determination of the Democratic Party to shed any association with its low-income base."[4]

In a 2001 essay, Joseph Lelyveld, former executive editor of The New York Times, asked, "Who can deny that this is a reasonable view of reality?".[5]


In the Yale Review of Books, Jessica Lee Thomas wrote, "The scariest point Didion seems to be making is not simply that politics is a nest of lies, but that we buy into 'the story' like any good novel." In his 2001 essay in The New York Review of Books, former Times executive editor Joseph Lelyveld discussed "Didion's great virtues as a political writer," noting particularly her examination of the journalism of Bob Woodward. "For the sheer exuberance of the savaging, Joan Didion on the methodology of Bob Woodward's books is itself worth the price of admission."[6] He calls the book both a demonstration of how "in the end something like a narrative is foisted on the land" and "the freshest application of an acute literary intelligence to the political scene [in] three decades." In Salon, political writer Joe Conason noted, "It turns out that the man who used to run the Times is quite troubled by the quality of journalism during the era when he was in power, though we learn that circuitously, through his endorsements of many of Didion's complaints. He is plainly contemptuous of his old rivals at the Washington Post. He worries that readers regard him and his colleagues as part of a 'self-serving, self-satisfied, self-enriching establishment' that conspires in the creation of a trivial and misleading narrative of our national life. And most surprisingly, he suggests that there was substance behind suspicions of a 'vast right-wing conspiracy' against the Clintons. (Now he tells us.)"[7] In The New York Times Book Review, John Leonard wrote, "Didion is on pure Zen target when she tells us that American democracy has been abducted," and called the book "a splendid sermon."[8]

Conason, in his brief essay, examines implications in Lelyveld's positive reception of the book.

Although he oversaw most of the Times coverage of Whitewater, replete with distortion and omission, Lelyveld avoids mentioning how that fabricated "scandal" led into the Lewinsky affair. He praises Didion's able dissection of the Isikoff-Starr version, an unreliable narrative concocted by prosecutors and their helpers in the press. He doesn't dispute her observation that Washington's "self-interested political class," including the media, "smelled blood, Clinton's." And he forthrightly agrees that the real story was the independent counsel's "headlong attempt" to bring down an elected president, adding that Hillary Clinton's famous remark about a possible conspiracy "was too easily discounted."

What Lelyveld says next amounts to a confession of sorts. "Very late in the game, reporters started tracing the network of lawyers in the conservative Federalist Society, funded in part by Richard Mellon Scaife, that reached into both the Paula Jones defense team and Starr's office," he writes. Students of the subject will recognize how inadequate that description is, but it is apparently the best he can do.

The question he is uniquely qualified to answer, but does not, is why that fascinating and salient story was so assiduously ignored by the mainstream media, including the Times, for so many years. Lelyveld cannot quite bring himself to be candid on that sensitive topic, which is, ironically, the same kind of intellectual failure excoriated so passionately and so precisely by Joan Didion. It is astonishing, nevertheless, that he even tries.[9]


  1. ^ Joseph Lelyveld, "In Another Country," The New York Review of Books, December 21, 2001. ("It's striking that Didion finds the capstone for her argument about a narrative-shaping political class permanently estranged from the country in the media splurge—let's resist the temptation to call it an orgy—of the Lewinsky affair. This 'self-interested political class,' as she here lambastes it, smelled blood, Clinton's. It was sure the President would have to resign or face impeachment. The country was mildly titillated, not uninterested in seeing how Letterman or Leno would exploit the scandal, but resolutely unwilling to accept it as a constitutional crisis. Noting that Americans now, on average, become sexually active about a decade before they marry and that extramarital sex is one of the big reasons for a high divorce rate, Didion finds wonderment and self-serving political calculation in the ability of politicians and journalists to act so shocked.")
  2. ^ Joan Didion, Political Fictions, New York: Knopf, 2001. p. 22.
  3. ^ Joan Didion, Political Fictions, New York: Knopf, 2001. p. 37.
  4. ^ Didion, Joan (2002). Political Fictions. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 17. ISBN 9780375718908.
  5. ^ Lelyveld, In Another Country."
  6. ^ Lelyveld, "In Another Country."
  7. ^ Joe Conason, "Remembering the Bad Times," Salon, November 30, 2001.
  8. ^ John Leonard, "Who Stole Democracy?", The New York Times Book Review, September 23, 2001.
  9. ^ Conason, "Remembering the Bad Times."

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