Polistena (Greek: Πολυξένη, romanized: Polyxénē, or Πολυσθένη Polysthénē) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) southwest of Catanzaro and about 50 kilometres (31 mi) northeast of Reggio Calabria.
|Comune di Polistena|
|Metropolitan city||Reggio Calabria (RC)|
|• Mayor||Michele Tripodi (PdCI)|
|• Total||11.77 km2 (4.54 sq mi)|
|Elevation||254 m (833 ft)|
(31 March 2018)
|• Density||880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Santa Marina Vergine|
|Saint day||July 17|
Of uncertain historical origins, Polistena territory was inhabited since prehistoric times. From the remains found, it appears to be the territory of transit of the Locresi during their ancestral migration. A village with the modern name is mentioned for the first time in the 13th century AD.
In 1783 Polistena was devastated by a violent earthquake, that razed to the ground most of the city and killed more than 2,000 people. The city was rebuilt quickly, basing on a design by Neapolitan architect Pompeo Schiantarelli, creating an urban center in the upper part of the city.
The Monument to the Fallen (Monumento ai Caduti) is located in Piazza del Popolo, and was sculpted by Francesco Jerace. The Palazzo Avati is located in the same square. In its facade is a portal where there is an Apotropaica mask.
Twin towns — sister citiesEdit
Polistena is twinned with:
- Anzola dell'Emilia, Italy
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
|This Calabrian location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|