There is evidence that Polebrook as a settlement dates back to 400 BC, where the village consisted of mainly farms. The farms were mainly centred on the modern day village of Ashton. Polebrook is called Pochebroc in the Domesday Book, and was the centre of a large administrative area (the Polebrook hundred).
There may have been a wooden church on the site of the current 12th century stone Church of All Saints. Thomas de Thelwall, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster was the parish priest of Polebrook in the 1360s.
RAF Polebrook was a little southeast of the village during the Second World War from 1941 to 1945. The USAAF 351st Bomber Group was stationed at the airfield from 15 April 1943 to 23 June 1945, and the U.S. flag hangs as a memorial to the men, along with a roll of honour in the church. The airfield is now disused, but remains a rich part of Polebrook culture; there is a memorial chapel in Polebrook Church. The base was used as a site for Thor missiles in the 1950s.
For some time during the war Clark Gable was stationed at Polebrook and at RAF Marston Moor near Wetherby. He made morale-boosting visits locally during his time there, an example being Marco in Grantham – a picture appears on the Manthorpe News website.
- "Civi Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
- Welcome to Polebrook Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Domesday Polebrook Archived 20 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- Gibson, Michael L (1982). Aviation in Northamptonshire, An Illustrated Guide (includes a map of the Polebrook airfield and an angled photo taken in 1944). Northampton: Northamptonshire Libraries. pp. 270–1. ISBN 0-905391-08-X.