Pohjalaisia (play)

Pohjalaisia (The Ostrobothnians) is a 1914 Finnish play. Based on it, a 1924 opera and two films in 1925 and 1936 were also made.[1][2]

1914 playEdit

The play was published by Artturi Järviluoma and produced in 1914. It was first performed at the Finnish National Theatre and directed by Jalmari Lahdensuo, who was also the overall theatre director.[1]

However there exists concrete doubt over whether Järviluoma actually fully wrote the play. Järviluoma's other literary works are modest in comparison. Anton Kangas (1867–1904) worked as Järviluoma's teacher and wrote the unfinished play Härmäläisiä. Although the original script has been destroyed, Järviluoma's notes on it have survived and Pohjalaisia may have largely been derived from it.[3][4][5][6]

1924 operaEdit

Leevi Madetoja made a popular opera in 1924 based on the play with the same name, commonly known by its English name as The Ostrobothnians.[1][7][8][9]

1925 filmatizationEdit

The 1925 film version also titled Pohjalaisia is a silent film. It was also directed by Jalmari Lahdensuo. It was aided by the popularity of the opera from only the year before. The film was restored in 2012.[1][10][11][12]

1936 filmatizationEdit

The 1936 film version again titled Pohjalaisia came with sound and was directed by Toivo Särkkä.[1][13][14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Tirronen, Lumimarja. "Pohjalaisia". Suomalaisen Elokuvan Festivaali. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  2. ^ "Pohjalaisia". Kirjasampo. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  3. ^ Asunmaa, Martti (6 October 2014). "Pohjalaisia-näytelmän kiistanalainen synty". Viiskunta. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Satavuotias Pohjalaisia – Anton Kankaan mestariteos". Helsingin Sanomat. 4 October 2014.
  5. ^ "Lahtelaistohtori epäilee Pohjalaisia-näytelmää plagiaatiksi". ESS. 19 December 2012.
  6. ^ Kallio, Reino (27 September 2014). "Teatteriväen unohtama 100-vuotismuisto". Ilkka. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  7. ^ Kuosmanen, Ilkka (15 September 2019). "Esa Heikkilä johtaa Kouvolan Pohjalaisia-oopperan". ESS. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  8. ^ Salmenhaara, Erkki (1986). "Leevi Madetoja's Ostrobothnians - An opera about freedom". Finnish Music Quarterly. 2. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  9. ^ Layton, Robert. "Madetoja (The) Ostrobothnians". Gramophone. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  10. ^ "Pohjalaisia (1925)". Elonet. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  11. ^ "Pohjalaisia (1925)". Elokuvauutiset. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  12. ^ Koivisto, Hannu (8 March 2016). "Maailmankuulu urkurimaestro maaseudun puolesta: lampaita on liikaa". Maaseutumedia. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  13. ^ "Pohjalaisia". Elävä Muisti. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  14. ^ "Pohjalaisia (1936)". Elonet. Retrieved 21 December 2019.