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Podporuchik (Serbo-Croatian: потпоручник, potporučnik, Czech: podporučík, Polish: podporucznik, Russian: подпору́чик, Bulgarian: подпоручик, Slovak: podporučík) is the most junior officer in some Slavic armed forces, and is placed below the rank of lieutenant, typically corresponding to rank of second lieutenant in English-speaking countries.
Russia and Russian imperial armed forces Edit
The rank was introduced first by Peter the Great in 1703 as an officer rank of the so-called ober-officer rank group. It belonged to rank class XIII (infantry), class XII (artillery, and engineer troops), and class X (guards) until 1884. In line with the military reforms in 1884, podpraporshik became in peace time. However, in the guards and the cossacks armed forces Cornet and Chorąży remained the lowest officer rank.
The equivalent to podpraporshik was Michman in the Imperial Russian Navy, and governmental secretary (Russian: губернский секретарь, romanized: gubernsky sekretar) in the civil administration.
In Poland, the rank of Podporucznik (lit. 'sub-lieutenant'; abbreviated "ppor.") is the lowest officer rank used within the Polish Army. It is roughly equivalent to the military rank of the Second lieutenant in the armed forces of English-speaking countries.
Graduates of military schools are awarded the rank of podporucznik by the office of the President of Poland upon the request of the Ministry of National Defence (Poland). The rank may also awarded by the way of a promotion provided certain conditions.
The rank of podporucznik also exists in the Border Guard, Prison Service, the State Protection Service, Foreign Intelligence Agency, Military Intelligence Service, the Military Counterintelligence Service, the Internal Security Agency, and in the Polish Navy.
- Prison Service: Podporucznik Służby Więziennej (lit. 'Sub-lieutenant of the Prison Service')
- Navy: Podporucznik marynarki (lit. 'Sub-lieutenant of the Navy')
Possible rank sequence Edit
A possible sequence of ranks (ascending) might be as follows:
Podporuchik insignia Edit
See also Edit
- Introduction of the rank "podporuchik" by Peter the Great in 1703. As to booklet: "Soviet military encyclopaedia" |6|388.[clarification needed]
- Marian Laprus (ed.), Leksykon wiedzy wojskowej. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Ministerstwa Obrony Narodowej (MON), 1979. Internet Archive.
- "OBILJEŽJA I ČINOVI OS BIH". os.mod.gov.ba (in Bosnian). Oružane snage Bosne i Hercegovine. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
- "УРЕДБА ЗА ОЗНАКИТЕ ЗА УНИФОРМИТЕ НА АРМИЈАТА НА РЕПУБЛИКА СЕВЕРНА МАКЕДОНИЈА" [Regulation on the Markings for the Uniforms of the Army of the Republic Northern of Macedonia]. dejure.mk (in Macedonian). 12 November 2020. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
- "IV. Izgled Činova u Vojsci". Official Gazette of Montenegro (in Montenegrin). 50/10: 22–28. 16 August 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
- "Sposób noszenia odznak stopni wojskowych na umundurowaniu wojsk Lądowych i sił Powietrznych" (PDF). wojsko-polskie.pl (in Polish). Armed Forces Support Inspectorate. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
- "ЧИНОВИ У ВОЈСЦИ СРБИЈЕ". vs.rs (in Serbian). Serbian Armed Forces. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
- "Čini in razredi". slovenskavojska.si (in Slovenian). Slovenian Armed Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
Further reading Edit
- Przepis Ubioru Polowego Wojsk Polskich. Warszawa: Zakłady Graficzno-Wydawnicze "Książka", 1919.
- Przepisy ubiorcze żołnierzy Wojska Polskiego; sygn. Mund. 45/71/III. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Ministerstwa Obrony Narodowej, 1972.