Plymouth is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. It is named after Plymouth, Devon, England. The population was 12,243 at the 2010 census, up from 11,634 at the 2000 census. The town of Plymouth includes the villages of Plymouth Center, Terryville and Pequabuck.
First Congregational Church in Plymouth
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
|• Mayor||David V. Merchant (R)|
|• Town Council||Tom Zagurski (R)|
William A. Heering (R)
Susan R. Murawski (R)
John Pajeski (R)
Gary V. Wyszynski (R)
|• Total||22.4 sq mi (57.9 km2)|
|• Land||21.7 sq mi (56.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)|
|Elevation||873 ft (266 m)|
|• Density||559/sq mi (215.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213489|
The town was incorporated in 1795 and became known nationally for the manufacture of clocks. The town was named after Plymouth, Massachusetts. Plymouth (formerly Northbury, a section of Waterbury) was originally used as a burying ground for Waterbury. History records show that it was founded by a group of people who believed they had found a large deposit of lead. This fabled "lead mine" never actually existed (or is still yet to be discovered). The oldest home in the community is on Route 6, and dates to 1690–1700.
In the 1790s, George Washington traveled through here, both to visit relatives and to stay away from the coastline.
The Terry family participated in a great deal of Plymouth's history. Eli Terry became partners with Seth Thomas and Silas Hoadley to manufacture clocks in the Greystone section of town. Terry gave the factory to Hoadley and Thomas, and opened his own clock factory near Carter Road in Plymouth Center, while Thomas moved to Plymouth Hollow. Eli Terry, Jr. (son of Eli Terry) joined with another man who was interested in the cabinet and lock industry, and they opened the Eagle Lock Company. In the 1880s, the Plymouth Hollow section of Plymouth decided to split off and become the town of Thomaston, named after Seth Thomas. The Eagle Lock Company closed in the 1970s, and in 1975 the entire abandoned site burned, leaving one building left undamaged. The rest of the buildings were torn down or had floors removed.
The Main Street School was located on the green (Baldwin Park) in Terryville. It was demolished in the 1930s, and the new Terryville High School was constructed behind the green on North Main Street. In the mid-2000s, Prospect Street School and Main Street School (previously called East Main Street) were left abandoned, so the construction of the new Terryville High School could begin in the Holt section of town. The Harry S. Fisher Middle School was turned into the Harry S. Fisher Elementary School, and the old Terryville High School was turned into the Eli Terry Jr. Middle School.
Plymouth is in southeastern Litchfield County and is bordered to the east by the city of Bristol in Hartford County and to the south by the city of Waterbury in New Haven County. Terryville, the largest community in Plymouth, is in the eastern part of town, while Plymouth Center is in the west. The community of Pequabuck is on the eastern border of the town, southeast of Terryville.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Plymouth has a total area of 22.4 square miles (57.9 km2), of which 21.9 square miles (56.7 km2) are land and 0.4 square miles (1.1 km2), or 1.99%, are water. Part of Mattatuck State Forest is in the southwest corner of the town.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,634 people, 4,453 households, and 3,228 families residing in the town. The population density was 535.6 people per square mile (206.8/km2). There were 4,646 housing units at an average density of 213.9 per square mile (82.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.34% White, 0.78% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.
There were 4,453 households, out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.8% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $53,750, and the median income for a family was $62,610. Males had a median income of $41,985 versus $32,359 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,244. About 2.7% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.
The town is served by U.S. Route 6, Connecticut Route 72, and Connecticut Route 262. Route 6 passes through Terryville and Plymouth Center, leading east through Bristol 22 miles (35 km) to Hartford, the state capital, and west through Thomaston 8 miles (13 km) to Watertown. Route 72 least southeast 3 miles (5 km) to Bristol and north 9 miles (14 km) to Harwinton, while Route 262 south and west via a circuitous route to Oakville and Watertown.
- Judson Allen (1797–1880), United States congressman from New York
- Dorence Atwater (1845–1910), soldier who recorded 13,000 soldiers deaths while he was a prisoner during the American Civil War; later a consul at Tahiti A monument honoring Atwater is on a hill overlooking Baldwin Park.
- Moses Dunbar (1716–1777), the only person ever convicted of high treason in the state of Connecticut; lived in Plymouth and Bristol at the time.
- Henry Dutton (1796–1869), 38th governor of Connecticut
- Calista Flockhart (born 1964), actress; family still lives in Todd Hollow
- Silas Hoadley (1786–1870), a clockmaker who learned from Eli Terry; owned his own clock factory in the Greystone section of town
- Ted Knight (1923–1986), actor from Terryville
- Frederick A. Scott (1866-1957), United States attorney for the district of Connecticut from Terryville. 
- Eli Terry (1772–1852), resident, clockmaker
- "Plymouth Town History". Plymouth Town History. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
- "Plymouth, CT Municipal Election Results 2013" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- "Town Council". Town of Plymouth, CT. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Plymouth town, Litchfield County, Connecticut". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- "Plymouth, Connecticut". City-Data.com. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
- The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 334.
- Giguere, Judy. Plymouth Revisited. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub., 2011. Print.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
- "atwater « Search Results « plymouth historical society". plymouthhistoricalsociety.org. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- text : Plymouth 1776-1976
- "Henry Dutton". National Governors Association. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- Taylor, William Harrison (1910). Legislative History and Souvenir of Connecticut: Volume 7. p. 62. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Articles by our Town Historian". plymouthct.us. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- History of the town of Plymouth, Connecticut: with an account of the centennial celebration May 14 and 15, 1895, published by Journal Pub. Co. in 1895
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