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A Plumage League to campaign against the excessive use of birds' feathers and plumage in ladies fashions was formed by Reverend Francis Orpen Morris and Lady Mount Temple in December 1885.[1][2] This almost immediately amalgamated to form the Plumage Section of the Selborne Society for the Preservation of Birds, Plants and Pleasant Places in the following January.[1]

Another plumage league was later formed by Emily Williamson in Didsbury. This was organised by Mancunian women unable to join the male British Ornithological Union as the Society for Protection of Birds which subsequently became the RSPB.[3][4]


  1. ^ a b Michael Blackmore (1985), The Selborne Society (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-27
  2. ^ John McCormick (1991), Reclaiming Paradise: The Global Environmental Movement, Indiana University Press, p. 4, ISBN 9780253206602
  3. ^ Sally Mitchell (2012), Victorian Britain: An Encyclopedia, Routledge, p. 862, ISBN 9781136716171
  4. ^ Russel J Dalton (1993), "The Environmental Movement in Western Europe", Environmental Politics in the International Arena: Movements, Parties, Organizations, and Policy, SUNY Press, p. 44, ISBN 9780791416631