Plovers are found throughout the world, with the exception of the Sahara and the polar regions, and are characterised by relatively short bills. They hunt by sight, rather than by feel as longer-billed waders like snipes do. They feed mainly on insects, worms or other invertebrates, depending on habitat, which are obtained by a run-and-pause technique, rather than the steady probing of some other wader groups.
The plover group of birds has a distraction display subcategorized as false brooding. Examples include: pretending to change position or to sit on an imaginary nest site.
A group of plovers may be referred to as a stand, wing, or congregation. A group of dotterels may be referred to as a trip.
Species list in taxonomic orderEdit
- Genus Charadrius
- Caspian plover, Charadrius asiaticus
- Chestnut-banded plover, Charadrius pallidus
- Collared plover, Charadrius collaris
- Common ringed plover, Charadrius hiaticula
- Double-banded plover, Charadrius bicinctus
- Eurasian dotterel, Charadrius morinellus
- Forbes's plover, Charadrius forbesi
- Greater sand plover, Charadrius leschenaultii
- Javan plover, Charadrius (alexandrinus) javanicus
- Kentish plover, Charadrius alexandrinus
- Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus
- Kittlitz's plover, Charadrius pecuarius
- Lesser sand plover, Charadrius mongolus
- Little ringed plover, Charadrius dubius
- Long-billed plover, Charadrius placidus
- Madagascan plover, Charadrius thoracicus
- Malaysian plover, Charadrius peronii
- Mountain plover, Charadrius montanus
- New Zealand plover or red-breasted plover, Charadrius obscurus
- Oriental plover, Charadrius veredus
- Piping plover, Charadrius melodus
- Puna plover, Charadrius alticola
- Red-capped plover, Charadrius ruficapillus
- Rufous-chested plover, Charadrius modestus
- Saint Helena plover, Charadrius sanctaehelenae
- Semipalmated plover, Charadrius semipalmatus
- Snowy plover, Charadrius nivosus, recently split by the AOU, some other committees still evaluating
- Three-banded plover, Charadrius tricollaris
- Two-banded plover, Charadrius falklandicus
- White-fronted plover, Charadrius marginatus
- Wilson's plover, Charadrius wilsonia
- Genus Pluvialis
- American golden plover, Pluvialis dominica – the American and Pacific golden plovers were formerly considered conspecific (as "lesser golden plover"; Sangster et al., 2002)
- European golden plover, Pluvialis apricaria
- Grey plover or black-bellied plover, Pluvialis squatarola
- Pacific golden plover, Pluvialis fulva
The Golden plover spends summers in Iceland, and in Icelandic folklore, the appearance of the first plover in country means that spring has arrived. The Icelandic media always covers the first plover sighting, which in 2017, took place on March 27, 2017.
- Coomber, Richard (1991). "Charadriiformes: Plovers". Birds of the World. Godalming, Surrey: Colour Library Books Ltd. pp. 97–100. ISBN 0862838061.
- Sangster, G.; Knox, A. G.; Helbig, A. J.; Parkin, D. T. (2002). "Taxonomic recommendations for European birds". Ibis. 144 (1): 153–159. doi:10.1046/j.0019-1019.2001.00026.x.
- Perrins, Christopher (2004). The New Encyclopedia of Birds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- "What do you call a group of ...?". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 19 April 2011.