Plovdiv Province (Bulgarian: Област Пловдив: Oblast Plovdiv, former name Plovdiv okrug) is a province in central southern Bulgaria. It comprises 18 municipalities (общини, obshtini, sing. общинa, obshtina) on a territory of 5,972.9 km2 (2,306.1 sq mi) with a population, as of February 2011, of 683,027 inhabitants. The province is named after its administrative and industrial centre — the city of Plovdiv.
Location of Plovdiv Province in Bulgaria
|• Governor||Zdravko Dimitrov|
|• Total||5,972.9 km2 (2,306.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Plovdiv Province includes parts of the Upper Thracian Plain, the Rhodopes, Sredna Gora, the Sub-Balkan valleys and Stara Planina, including its highest peak, Botev (2,376m). The main rivers in the province are Maritsa, Stryama, Pyasachnik. There are numerous dams, the most important of which is Pyasachnik. Mineral springs are abundant; there are several major spa resorts — Hisarya, Narechen, Banya and minor spas at Klisura, Asenovgrad, Kuklen, Rosino, Krasnovo, Stoletovo and others. There are many natural landmarks, especially in the Central Balkan National Park, including the spectacular waterfall Raysko Praskalo, the highest in the Balkans.
Plovdiv Province (Област, oblast) contains 18 municipalities (singular: община, obshtina, plural: Общини, obshtini). The following table shows the names of each municipality in English and Cyrillic, the main town or village (towns are shown in bold), and the population of each as of December 2009.
|Maritsa (Plovdiv rural)||Марица||31,447||Plovdiv||see below|
|Rodopi (Plovdiv rural)||Родопи||32,286||Plovdiv||see above|
The province's capital is the city of Plovdiv; other towns include Karlovo, Sopot, Klisura, Kalofer, Hisarya, Saedinenie, Rakovski, Brezovo, Stamboliyski, Krichim, Perushtitsa, Sadovo, Parvomay, Asenovgrad, Laki, Katunica, and Yiagodovo.
Plovdiv Province had a population of 715,904 (715,816 also given) according to a 2001 census, of which 48.4% were male and 51.6% were female. As of the end of 2009, the population, announced by the Bulgarian National Statistical Institute, numbered 701,684 of which 24.1% are over 60 years of age.
The following table represents the change of the population in the province after World War II:
|Sources: National Statistical Institute, „Census 2001“, „Census 2011“, „pop-stat.mashke.org“,??|
- Bulgarians: 540 303 (87,09%)
- Turks: 40 255 (6,49%)
- Romani: 30 202 (4,87%)
- Others and indefinable: 9 613 (1,54%)
A further 60,000 persons in Plovdiv Province did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.
Ethnic groups according to the 2001 census, when 715 816 people of the population of 715,904 of Plovdiv Province identified themselves (with percentage of total population):
- Bulgarians: 621 338 (86.8%)
- Turks: 52 499 (7.3%)
- Romani: 30 196 (4.2%)
- Armenians: 3 140 (0.4%)
- Russians: 1 151 (0.2%)
- Greeks: 766 (0.1%)
Religious adherence in the province according to 2001 census:
|Religion not mentioned||13,548||1.89%|
The economy of the province is of great importance. The agricultural production is intensive and efficient with high levels of irrigation. The major crops are fruit (apples, plums, pears, cherries), grapes, melons and watermelons, vegetables (tomatoes, peppers, carrots, cabbage, potatoes), wheat, rice, barley and others. Industry is very well developed: ferrous metallurgy near Plovdiv; thriving electronics industry in Plovdiv, Saedinenie, Voivodinovo, Radinovo and other villages in the area; agricultural machinery (tractors) in Karlovo; weapon and military plants in Sopot, Karlovo, Plovdiv; chemical industry in Plovdiv, Asenovgrad; food industry is developed almost everywhere, most notably in Plovdiv and Asenovgrad (wines). Tourism is a growing industry with the rich cultural heritage of the province and the numerous mineral springs which are of international importance.
- Bulgarian Provinces area and population 1999 — National Center for Regional Development — page 90-91 Archived January 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- WebDesign Ltd. www.webdesign-bg.eu. "Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Bulgarian provinces and municipalities in 2009". Nsi.bg. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Bulgaria (Major Cities): Districts, Major Cities & Towns - Statistics & Maps on City Population". Citypopulation.de. 2011-12-31. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Division of Bulgaria". Pop-stat.mashke.org. 2011-02-01. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- Oblast Haskovo -official website Archived June 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- WebDesign Ltd. www.webdesign-bg.eu. "Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Bulgarian towns in 2009". Nsi.bg. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Cities of Bulgaria". Pop-stat.mashke.org. 2011-02-01. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Bulgarian Settlements less than 1000 inhabitants – December 2009". Bulgarian National Statistical Institute. 2009-12-31. Retrieved 2018-05-02.
- "Bulgarian Settlements 1000–5000 inhabitants – December 2009". Bulgarian National Statistical Institute. 2009-12-31. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- (in Bulgarian) Population to 01.03.2001 by Area and Sex Archived 2019-03-22 at the Wayback Machine from Bulgarian National Statistical Institute: Census 2001 Archived 2017-11-10 at the Wayback Machine
- WebDesign Ltd. www.webdesign-bg.eu. "Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Population by age in 2009". Nsi.bg. Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- (in Bulgarian) Population on 01.02.2011 by provinces, municipalities, settlements and age; National Statistical Institute
- Population by province, municipality, settlement and ethnic identification, by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute (in Bulgarian)
- (in Bulgarian) Population to 01.03.2001 by District and Ethnic Group from Bulgarian National Statistical Institute: Census 2001 Archived 2017-11-10 at the Wayback Machine
- "Religious composition: 2011 census". pop-stat.mashke.org. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
- (in Bulgarian) Religious adherence in Bulgaria - census 2001 Archived 2010-09-07 at the Wayback Machine