Ploče (pronounced [plɔ̂tʃɛ]; Italian: Porto Tolero) is a town and seaport in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County of Croatia.

Grad Ploče
Town of Ploče
Ploče harbor
Ploče harbor
Ploče is located in Croatia
The location of Ploče within Croatia
Coordinates: 43°03′24″N 17°25′54″E / 43.05667°N 17.43167°E / 43.05667; 17.43167
Country Croatia
County Dubrovnik-Neretva
 • MayorMišo Krstičević (SDP)
 • Town132.1 km2 (51.0 sq mi)
 • Urban
12.3 km2 (4.7 sq mi)
0 m (0 ft)
 • Town8,220
 • Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
20 340
Area code020
Vehicle registrationDU

Geography edit

Ploče is located on the Adriatic coast in Dalmatia just north of the Neretva Delta and is the natural seaside endpoint of most north-south routes through the central Dinaric Alps. This makes it the primary seaport used by Bosnia and Herzegovina and the endpoint of the Pan-European corridor 5C.

Čeveljuša is a toponym in Ploče, located to the east of the town, on the intersection of the D8 highway and the D425.[3]

Climate edit

Ploče is the location of Croatia's high temperature record, measured at 42.8 °C (109.0 °F) on 4 and 5 August 1981.[4][5]

History edit

The town was first mentioned in 1387 as Ploča. During the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, a port named Aleksandrovo after Alexander I of Yugoslavia was constructed in 1939. During the socialist Yugoslavia, between 1950 and 1954, and again from 1980 to 1990, Ploče was named Kardeljevo after the Yugoslav politician Edvard Kardelj. Some locals call their city Ploča (the stone).

Demographics edit

According to the 2021 census, its population was 8,220 with 4,711 living in the city proper.[2]

The total population of Ploče was 10,135 in 2011, in the following settlements:[6]

In the 2011 census, the majority of its citizens were Croats at 95.93%.[7]

Town of Ploče: Population trends 1857–2021

Port edit

Tugboat Altair in the Port of Ploče

The Port of Ploče was first mentioned on 6 November 1387, but the building of a larger port was done in recent modern times. Work on the present day harbour first began in 1939 [8] but was destroyed during World War II. It was rebuilt in 1945 and the village of Ploče grew up to 480 inhabitants in 1948. After the Adriatic Highway and the Sarajevo–Ploče railway (the latter was connected to the port and replaced the older narrow-gauge railway) were opened in the mid-1960s, the town experienced steady growth.

Bosnia and Croatia are currently in negotiations as regards the establishment of a "privileged economic zone" for Bosnian businesses within the Ploče port facilities, though this development is hindered by the opposition of local government, and Croatian people to the concept of a partial loss of sovereignty over the port. The Bosnian government would like a concession, with sovereignty features, for at least 99 years, whereas the Croatian government only wishes to offer commercial passage through Croatian territory for Bosnian and Herzegovinian goods. This topic was a subject of lengthy negotiations; easier passage for Croatian citizens through the narrow strip of Bosnia and Herzegovina territory (that divides Croatia's land territory) near Neum, in exchange for privileges for Bosnia and Herzegovina in Ploče. The Pelješac Bridge that bypasses Neum and Bosnian territory completely opened in 2022 although at first the project was strongly resisted by the Bosnian government.[9]

Railway transport edit

Ploče is served by the Sarajevo–Ploče railway, a standard-gauge railway opened in 1966.

Previously, narrow-gauge railways operated in the area.

Sister Cities edit

Twin towns – Sister cities edit

Ploče is twinned with:

References edit

  1. ^ Register of spatial units of the State Geodetic Administration of the Republic of Croatia. Wikidata Q119585703.
  2. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2021 Census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in 2021. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. 2022.
  3. ^ "Čvor Čeveljuša: policija uvodi rigorozne mjere". Slobodna Dalmacija (in Croatian). 2008-04-29. Retrieved 2010-09-26.
  4. ^ "Najviša izmjerena temperatura zraka u Hrvatskoj za razdoblje od kada postoje meteorološka motrenja". (in Croatian). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. 21 July 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Croatia Sixth National Communication" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  6. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Ploče". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  7. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Dubrovnik-Neretva". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  8. ^ "Port Authority Ploce-History". Archived from the original on 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2010-01-26.
  9. ^ "Bosnia vexed by Croatian bridge". BBC. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2010-05-14.
  10. ^ "Medmestno in mednarodno sodelovanje". Mestna občina Ljubljana (Ljubljana City) (in Slovenian). Archived from the original on 2013-06-26. Retrieved 2013-07-27.

External links edit

43°03′N 17°26′E / 43.050°N 17.433°E / 43.050; 17.433