Play a Simple Melody
"Play a Simple Melody" is a song from the 1914 musical, Watch Your Step, words and music by Irving Berlin. The show was the first stage musical that Berlin wrote. It ran for 175 performances at the New Amsterdam Theater in New York City. The one song from it that is well-remembered today is "Play a Simple Melody," one of the few true examples of counterpoint in American popular music — a melody running against a second melody, each with independent lyrics. Two other of Berlin's so-called "double" songs are "You're Just in Love," and "An Old-Fashioned Wedding".
In the printed music, first the "simple melody" plays alone. Then comes the contrasting melody. Finally, the two play together. The lyrics of "Play a Simple Melody" also track the counterpoint duet in that one singer yearns for the music which mother sang (the style of a bygone generation), but the other singer disdains such classic fare as lacking interest and rhythm. When "Play a Simple Melody" was published, ragtime was in its heyday, led by its most consummate composer, Scott Joplin. In a famous 1916 recording of the song, while Elsie Baker (using her stage name "Edna Brown") wants what she considers simplicity, Billy Murray explicitly asks for "rag". Also recorded by Walter Van Brunt & Mary Carson in 1915.
A duet by Bing and Gary Crosby with Matty Matlock's All Stars (listed on the label as "Gary Crosby and Friend with Matty Matlock's All Stars") was recorded on June 23, 1950 and became a hit recording in 1950 reaching the No. 2 position in the Billboard charts. It was released by Decca Records as catalog number 27112 with the flip side "Sam's Song." Other charted versions in 1950 were by Jo Stafford (#18), Georgia Gibbs with Bob Crosby (#25) and Phil Harris (#30).
"Play a Simple Melody" was then featured in the 1954 movie There's No Business Like Show Business, a movie starring Ethel Merman, Dan Dailey, Donald O'Connor, Johnnie Ray, Mitzi Gaynor, and Marilyn Monroe showcasing Irving Berlin songs from the whole of his career. In the movie, Merman and Dailey sang the song in a vaudeville sequence.
Horst Jankowski revived the song for a 1966 run on Billboard's "Easy Listening" chart.
In the 1960s, the song was the basis of a sketch on the Morecambe & Wise show featuring their writers Dick Hills and Sid Green; it was later reprised on their 1976 Christmas Show with Elton John.
- Wilder, Alec (1972). American Popular Song: The Great Innovators, 1900-1950. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 97. ISBN 0-19-501445-6.
- Billy Murray & Edna Brown (Elsie Baker). "Collected Works of Billy Murray & Edna Brown (Elsie Baker)". Archive.org. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- "Music VF search • Music VF, US & UK hits charts". Musicvf.com. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- "A Bing Crosby Discography". BING magazine. International Club Crosby. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
- Whitburn, Joel (1986). Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. p. 567. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.
- "DECCA (USA) 78rpm numerical listing discography: 27000 - 27500". 78discography.com. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- "Two Of A Kind - Review". Morecambeandwise.com. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- on YouTube
For links to a 1916 (public domain) recording of Billy Murray and Elsie Baker dueting on "Play a Simple Melody" go to the Internet Archive of Murray & Baker's "Simple Melody" duet.