Play It Again, Sam (play)
Play It Again, Sam is a 1969 Broadway play written by and starring Woody Allen. A substantial hit, it ran for more than a year and helped build Allen's reputation as a performer who could portray a comedic romantic lead as well as the neurotic persona for which he was best known at the time. The play became the basis for a 1972 film of the same name, starring Allen and directed by Herbert Ross.
|Play It Again, Sam|
|Written by||Woody Allen|
|Date premiered||February 12, 1969|
|Place premiered||Broadhurst Theatre|
New York City
|Setting||New York City, present|
The play is about a recently divorced film magazine writer, Allan Felix, who is trying to restart his romantic life. Eventually he falls in love (and has a brief affair) with Linda, the wife of his best friend, Dick. During the course of the play, he repeatedly seeks advice from the ghost of his idol, Humphrey Bogart, but eventually decides that he needs to be himself rather than imitating Bogart. Telling Linda that the right thing for her to do is to return to her husband, Felix quotes the famous lines that Bogart delivers to Ingrid Bergman in the last scene of Casablanca.
After 2 previews, the Broadway production opened at the Broadhurst Theatre on February 12, 1969 and ran for 453 performances before closing on March 14, 1970. Directed by Joseph Hardy, the cast included Allen as Allan Felix, Diane Keaton as Linda Christie, Tony Roberts as Dick Christie, and Jerry Lacy as Bogart. Allen left the show near the end of its run and was replaced by Bob Denver.
It was while auditioning for this play that Diane Keaton first met Woody Allen and they began their professional and personal relationship.
The Broadway production received generally positive reviews, including several from critics who saw it as a tribute to Bogart. UPI critic Jack Gaver thought it was "an amusing entertainment" in which "[n]othing of consequence happens". On the other hand, New York's John Simon delivered a characteristically negative review, criticizing the "rawly autobiographical" content of the play as well as Allen's performance in it. Bob Denver's performance as Allen's late-run replacement was praised by New York Times critic Clive Barnes for conveying "a genuine clown-like wistfulness" that Barnes had found lacking in Allen.
The 1969 London production was later described in The Guardian's 2002 obituary of Moore as "a mistakenly Anglicised version" of the play. It received mixed reviews: The Daily Telegraph found Moore's "cuddly appeal" appropriate to the character, but others thought Moore failed to capture the specifically "neurotic" image of "Jewish-American manhood" that the play required, while The Spectator's Hilary Spurling found Moore to be "trapped with a fairly measly supply of jokes in a glum, transatlantic no-man's-land" and "sadly unconvincing as a gormless twit".
In his 2005 book, Acting Jewish: Negotiating Ethnicity on the American Stage & Screen, theater historian Henry Bial interpreted the play as one that "carries the banner for a Jewish masculinity that is explicitly contrasted with both Bogart and the only other male character in the play, Dick". In more general terms, Bial notes that Allen's character, like Bogart, "overcame being 'not too tall and kinda ugly' to succeed as a ladies' man."
- "Play It Again, Sam" at the Internet Broadway Database.
- Adam Bernstein, "Bob Denver, 70; Brought Goofy Comedy to Role as TV's Gilligan", The Washington Post, September 7, 2005.
- Diane Keaton, "The Big Picture", Vogue, November 2011.
- Simon Farquhar "Bill Kerr: Comedian and actor who began as a child star and became best known working with the Goons and Tony Hancock", The Independent, 3 September 2014
- Henry Bial, Acting Jewish: Negotiating Ethnicity on the American Stage & Screen (University of Michigan Press, 2005), ISBN 978-0472069088. Excerpts available at Google Books.
- "Broadway Boxscore", Associated Press in The Knickerbocker News, February 15, 1969.
- Jack Gaver, "Sad Sack Woody Allen In Stage Debut As Sad Sack", The Pittsburgh Press, February 14, 1969.
- John Simon, "Wishing Woody Wouldn't", New York, March 10, 1969.
- Ronald Bergen, "Dudley Moore: Theatre and television comic, classical musician and jazz original, and briefly an unexpectedly adorable Hollywood movie star", The Guardian, March 27, 2002.
- Jeff Lenburg, Dudley Moore: An Informal Biography (iUniverse, 2001), ISBN 978-0595182688, pp. 43-44. Excerpts available at Google Books.
- Hilary Spurling, "ARTS: Nut-and-apple case", The Spectator, September 19, 1969.