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Plav (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Плав, Albanian: Plavë) pronounced [plâv̞] is a town in north-eastern Montenegro. It has a population of 3,717 (2011 census).

Plav

Плав
Panorama of Plav
Panorama of Plav
Coat of arms of Plav
Coat of arms
Plav is located in Montenegro
Plav
Plav
Location of Plav in Montenegro
Coordinates: 42°36′N 19°56′E / 42.6°N 19.94°E / 42.6; 19.94Coordinates: 42°36′N 19°56′E / 42.6°N 19.94°E / 42.6; 19.94
CountryMontenegro
Settlements14
Government
 • MayorMirsad Barjaktarević (SD)
 • Ruling partySDDPSBSAA
Area
 • Town and municipality328 km2 (127 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Density28/km2 (70/sq mi)
 • Urban
3,717
 • Rural
5,364
 • Municipality
9,081
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84325
Area code+382 51
ISO 3166-2 codeME-13
Car platesPL
ClimateCfb

Plav is the centre of Plav Municipality (population of 9,081 following the formation of Gusinje Municipality).

Contents

NameEdit

The name Plav (Плав) is derived from Slavic plav, "a flooded place" (poplava, "flood").[1][2]

GeographyEdit

Plav is located at the foot of the Prokletije mountain range, adjacent to the springs of the river Lim.

The area contains many lakes and the most known is Lake Plav, one of the largest in this region. The lakes Hrid and Visitor are mountain lakes, and Visitor is noted for its floating island.

Plav is also renowned for its karst wells, among which are Ali Pasha of Gucia Springs and Oko Skakavica. Villages in the municipality include Gusinje.

HistoryEdit

In the Middle Ages, there was a župa (district) named Plav at the source of the flow of the Lim river and around the Plav lake.[2] It is mentioned in several medieval Serbian documents.[2]

After the Serbian-Venetian nobleman Mariano Bolizza in Cattaro (Kotor), who wrote the Relazione e descrizione del sangiacato di Scutari ("Relations and Description of the Sanjak of Scutari") in 1614 most of Plav was inhabitat by Albanians under the command of Sem Zaus (Cem Çaushi) of Podgorica.[3]

The settlement of Plav itself was founded by the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman census organised in 1582-83 registered the Plav nahiyah within the Sanjak of Scutari with 18 villages; according to historian Milan Vasić all inhabitants had personal names with a Serbian character, and no Muslims were present.[4]

From the mid-17th-century the Kelmend tribe from northern Albania and the Kuči tribe began settling the Plav-Gusinje ravine, competing with other Serbian and Muslim Albanian immigrants from Malësia and Montenegro, that were predominantly Serbian-speaking.[5] The small towns of Plav and Gusinje were also of mixed population, whose mother tongue was Serbian.[5] The province was inhabited by a Serbian population (including to a lesser extent a Muslim population of Serb origin and language) and an Albanian population.[5]

In 1878, following the Treaty of Berlin, the city of Plav was ceded to Montenegro by the Ottoman Empire despite having a Muslim-majority population. However, armed resistance of the League of Prizren and their victory against Montenegrin troops at Battle of Novšiće (1879) prevented the implementation. Ottomans had to cede Ulcinj to Montenegro after pressure from the Great Powers in 1881. Plav finally became part of Montenegro after the First Balkan War in 1912.

In 1939, the population of Plav was estimated to have been predominantly Bosniak, while that of Gusinje predominantly Albanian and bilingual.[6] The notable families of Plav at this time were the Medunjani, Šeović, Luković, and Šabović–Ferović.[6]

SportEdit

In the area of the Plav municipality there are 13 sports clubs and societies that are actively engaged in sports and competitions. Some are in the First Montenegrin league and some in the Second Montenegrin league.

Sport clubs:

  • Football Club Jezero
  • Football Club Gusinje
  • Football Club Polimlje
  • Handball Club Plav
  • Chess Club Jezero
  • Karate Club Jezero
  • Kayak Club Plavsko Jezero
  • Sport Fishing Society Plavsko Jezero
  • Mountaineering Skiing Society Kofiljaca
  • Skiing-mountain Society Karanfil
  • Mountaineering Society Visitor
  • Hunting Society Rocks Plav
  • Hunting Sports Society May carnation
  • Basketball Club Balkanski Ris

PopulationEdit

Plav is administrative centre of Plav Municipality, which in 2011 had a population of 9,081, mostly Bosniaks. The town of Plav itself has 3,717 citizens.

Population of Plav (city)Edit

  • 1981 - 3,348
  • 1991 - 4,073
  • 2003 - 3,165
  • 2011 - 3,717

Ethnic composition of Plav (city) in 2011Edit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Contributions onomatologiques. 18. Akademija. 2005. p. 8.
  2. ^ a b c ALEKSANDAR LOMA (2013). LA TOPONYMIE DE LA CHARTE DE FONDATION DE BANJSKA: Vers la conception d’un dictionnaire des noms de lieux de la Serbie medievale et une meilleure connaissance des structures onomastiques du slave commun. Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. p. 170. ISBN 978-86-7025-621-7.
  3. ^ Bolizza, Mariano, Relations and Description of the Sanjak of Scutari
  4. ^ Vasić, Milan (1991), "Etnički odnosi u jugoslovensko-albanskom graničnom području prema popisnom defteru sandžaka Skadar iz 1582/83. godine", Stanovništvo slovenskog porijekla u Albaniji : zbornik radova sa međunarodnog naučnog skupa održanog u Cetinju 21, 22. i 23. juna 1990 (in Serbo-Croatian), OCLC 29549273
  5. ^ a b c Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti 1985, p. 110.
  6. ^ a b Brastvo. 30. Društvo sv. Save. 1939. p. 121.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit