Plasmodium relictum

Plasmodium relictum is a species in the genus Plasmodium subgenus Haemamoeba.

Plasmodium relictum
Scientific classification edit
(unranked): Diaphoretickes
Clade: TSAR
Clade: SAR
Infrakingdom: Alveolata
Phylum: Apicomplexa
Class: Aconoidasida
Order: Haemospororida
Family: Plasmodiidae
Genus: Plasmodium
P. relictum
Binomial name
Plasmodium relictum
Gilruth, Sweet and Dodd, 1910
  • Plasmodium paddae[1]

It is a parasite, and the most common cause of malaria in birds.

Like all Plasmodium species, P. biziurae has both vertebrate and insect hosts. The vertebrate hosts for this parasite are birds.


The parasite was first described by Gilruth, Sweet and Dodd in 1910.


P. relcitum is geographically widespread, and is the most widespread malaria parasite of birds.[1]


P. relictum infects a wide variety of birds including birds from various orders. Infections in numerous wild birds and experimental animals have been described including partridges, canaries, chickens, ducks, and pigeons. Experimental attempts to infect owls were not successful, suggesting owls may not be susceptible to P. relictum.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Valkiunas, Gediminas. Avian Malaria Parasites and other Haemosporidia. CRC Press. p. 592. ISBN 9780203643792.