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Plas John Johnson Jr. (born July 21, 1931) is an American soul-jazz and hard bop tenor saxophonist, probably most widely known as the tenor saxophone soloist on Henry Mancini’s "The Pink Panther Theme". He also performs on alto and baritone sax as well as various flutes and clarinets.
|Birth name||Plas John Johnson, Jr.|
|Also known as||Johnny Beecher|
|Born||July 21, 1931|
Donaldsonville, Louisiana, U.S.
|Instruments||Saxophone, piccolo, flute, clarinet|
Born in Donaldsonville, Louisiana, he sang with his family's group until his saxophonist father bought him a soprano saxophone. Largely self-taught, he soon began playing alto and later tenor saxophone. He and his pianist brother Ray first recorded as the Johnson Brothers in New Orleans in the late 1940s, and Plas first toured with R&B singer Charles Brown in 1951. After army service, he and his brother moved to Los Angeles in 1954, and he soon began session recordings as a full-time musician, backing artists such as B.B. King and Johnny Otis as well as scores of other R&B performers. An early supporter was Maxwell Davis, who hired him to take over his own parts so that he could concentrate on producing sessions for the Modern record label.
Recruited by Johnny Otis and executive Dave Cavanaugh for Capitol Records in the mid-1950s, Johnson also played on innumerable records by Peggy Lee, Nat "King" Cole, Glen Gray, Frank Sinatra and others. He remained a leading session player for almost twenty years, averaging two sessions a day and playing everything from movie soundtracks and Les Baxter's exotica albums, to rock and roll singles by such artists as Ricky Nelson and Bobby Vee, and R&B records by such performers as Larry Williams, Bobby Day, and Richard Berry. He played on many of the Beach Boys’ records, and was an integral part of a number of instrumental groups that existed in name only, such as B. Bumble and the Stingers and The Marketts. Unlike many session musicians of the time he became known by name, but for a time also recorded under the pseudonym Johnny Beecher for the budget CRC Charter label to avoid contractual disputes.
In the late 1950s and early 1960s he was a regular member of Henry Mancini's studio orchestra and in 1963 he recorded the Pink Panther theme, written by Mancini with Johnson in mind. Johnson said of the recording: "We only did two takes, I think... When we finished, everyone applauded -- even the string players. And that's saying something... They never applaud for anything." Another solo for a well-known television series was on The Odd Couple's theme music. Johnson was also employed by Motown, and played on hits by Marvin Gaye, the Supremes and others. Johnson also played on sessions for Nancy Sinatra, and can be heard on the 1963 album Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Jerome Kern Songbook, recorded with the esteemed arranger Nelson Riddle. His sax is also heard on two of the other great Ella Fitzgerald songbooks - The Harold Arlen Songbook and The Johnny Mercer Songbook.
In 1964, Johnson was the featured performer on Blue Martini (Ava Records), a concept album by John Neel. It was a groundbreaking album, with the saxophone being the lead "voice" surrounded by a full string section. This jazz/classical hybrid contains some of Johnson's best and most innovative playing, with the standout being "Bury Me Blue". In 1969, T-Bone Walker introduced Harmonica Slim to the record producer Bob Thiele. Thiele utilised a company of jazz and R&B musicians including Johnson, to work with Harmonica Slim on his debut album.
Johnson joined the studio band for the Merv Griffin Show in 1970, and also played with a number of jazz and swing bands of the period. He joined Lincoln Mayorga in creating direct-to-disc recordings for Sheffield Labs. He later recorded for the Concord label, worked with the Capp-Pierce Juggernaut, and toured in 1990 with the Gene Harris Superband. He continues to record and perform, particularly at jazz festivals.
Johnson currently performs on a silverplated Yamaha tenor saxophone. He uses a very open (150/0 SMS) Berg Larsen goldplated bronze mouthpiece and Rico Plasticover 1.5 or 2 baritone sax reeds, a setup that enables him to produce his very distinctive and instantly recognizable sound.
- Rockin' with Plas (Capitol, 1957)
- This Must Be the Plas (Capitol, 1959)
- Mood for the Blues (Capitol, 1960)
- The Blues (Concord Jazz, 1975)
- Positively (Concord Jazz, 1976)
- L.A. 1955 (Carell Music, 1983)
- On the Trail! (Gemini, 1991 ) with Totti Bergh
- Evening Delight (Carell Music, 2000)
- Keep That Groove Going! (Milestone, 2001) with Red Holloway
- All Blues (Mojo, 2007) with Ernie Watts
As Johnny BeecherEdit
- Sax 5th Ave. (CRC Charter, 1962)
- On the Scene (CRC Charter, 1962)
With Chet Baker
- Blood, Chet and Tears (Verve, 1970)
With Les Baxter
- Jungle Jazz (Capitol, 1958)
With Benny Carter
- Aspects (United Artists, 1959)
With Clifford Coulter
- Do It Now! (Impulse!, 1971)
With Ella Fitzgerald
- Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Harold Arlen Songbook (Verve, 1961)
- Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Jerome Kern Song Book (Verve, 1963)
- Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Johnny Mercer Song Book (Verve, 1964)
With Henry Mancini
- The Music from Peter Gunn (RCA, 1958)
- More Music from Peter Gunn (RCA, 1959)
- Uniquely Mancini (RCA, 1963)
- The Pink Panther (RCA, 1964)
- Mancini '67 (RCA, 1966)
- The Party (RCA, 1968)
With Les McCann
With John Neel
- Blue Martini (Ava, 1963)
With Shorty Rogers
- Gospel Mission (Capitol, 1963)
With Pete Rugolo
- 10 Saxophones and 2 Basses (Mercury, 1961)
With Lalo Schifrin
With the Gerald Wilson Orchestra
- State Street Sweet (MAMA, 1995)
With The Platters
- The Great Pretender (Mercury, 1955)
With Rhoda Scott
- From C to Shining C (Doodlin Records, 2009)
- Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues - A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara: Praeger Publishers. p. 177. ISBN 978-0313344237.
- Michael G. Mooney, "Plas Johnson gave character to 'Panther' theme", Chicago Tribune, September 5, 2007. Retrieved 22 January 2017
- Jesse Hamlin, "'Panther' tune has 9 lives for visiting sax cat Plas Johnson", SFGate.com, January 2, 2007. Retrieved 22 January 2017
- Biography by Scott Yanow, Allmusic.com. Retrieved 21 January 2017
- Plas Johnson biography, SpaceAgePop.com. Retrieved 21 January 2017
- Biography, PlasJohnson.com. Retrieved 21 January 2017
- Ron Wynn, "Johnny Beecher", Allmusic.com. Retrieved 22 January 2017
- "HARMONICA SLIM "Complete Harmonica Slim" (Travis Blaylock) | Content Curated By Darin R. McClure & a few photos". Darinrmcclure.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2017-01-17.
- Cub Koda (1934-12-21). "Harmonica Slim | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2017-01-17.