Bothriembryontidae

  (Redirected from Placostylidae)

Bothriembryontidae is a family of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Orthalicoidea.

Bothriembryontidae
Placostylus ambagiosus priscus.JPG
A shell of the subspecies Placostylus ambagiosus priscus
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
(unranked):
Superfamily:
Family:
Bothriembryontidae

Iredale, 1937
Diversity[1]
102 species
Synonyms[3]

Placostylidae Pilsbry, 1946[2]

Eumecostylus hargravesi from the Solomon Islands.

TaxonomyEdit

This family has been named Placostylidae and had no subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).[4]

Breure et al. (2010)[5] moved Prestonella and Bothriembryon to Placostylidae.

Breure & Romero (2012)[3] confirmed previous results from 2010 and they renamed Placostylidae to Bothriembryontidae.[3]

  • subfamily Bothriembryontinae Iredale, 1937
  • subfamily Placostylinae Pilsbry, 1946 - for species from New Zealand and Melanesia[3]

Prestonellinae was formally described as a new subfamily within Bothriembryontidae in 2016.[6] Therefore three subfamilies are recognized in Bothriembryontidae:

  • subfamily Bothriembryontinae Iredale, 1937
  • subfamily Placostylinae Pilsbry, 1946
  • Prestonellinae van Bruggen, Herbert & Breure, 2016[6]

GeneraEdit

Genera within the family Bothriembryontidae include:

Bothriembryontinae

Placostylinae

Prestonellinae

subfamily?

A cladogram based on nuclear ITS2, 28S rRNA and histone 3 (H3) and sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome-c oxidase I (COI) genes showing phylogenic relations of Bothriembryontidae by Breure & Romero (2012):[3]

Bothriembryontidae
Plectostylus

Plectostylus peruvianus

Discoleus

Discoleus ameghinoi

Prestonella

Prestonella bowkeri

Prestonella nuptialis

Bothriembryon

Bothriembryon dux

Bothriembryon indutus

Placostylus

Placostylus eddystonensis

Placostylus ambagiosus

Eumecostylus

Eumecostylus uliginosus

Placocharis

Placocharis strangei

DistributionEdit

Bothriembryontidae have Gondwanan distribution.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Breure A., Groenenberg D. & Schilthuizen M. (2010). "Gondwana revisited: New insights in the phylogenetic relationships within the Orthalicoidea (Mollusca, Stylommatophora)". poster. PDF Archived 2012-03-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Pilsbry H. A. (1946). "Notes on the anatomy of Australian and Galapagos Bulimidae (Mollusca, Pulmonata)." Notulae Naturae of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 168: 1-4. Placostylidae is on the page 3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Breure A. S. H. & Romero P. (2012). "Support and surprises: molecular phylogeny of the land snail superfamily Orthalicoidea using a three-locus gene analysis with a divergence time analysis and ancestral area reconstruction (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora)". Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology 141(1): 1-20. doi:10.1127/arch.moll/1869-0963/141/001-020.
  4. ^ a b Bouchet, Philippe; Rocroi, Jean-Pierre; Frýda, Jiri; Hausdorf, Bernard; Ponder, Winston; Valdés, Ángel & Warén, Anders (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1–2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997.
  5. ^ a b c Breure A. S. H., Groenenberg D. S. J. & Schilthuizen M. (2010). "New insights in the phylogenetic relations within the Orthalicoidea (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora) based on 28S sequence data". Basteria 74(1-3): 25-31.
  6. ^ a b c d e Bruggen A. C. van, Herbert D. G. & Breure A. S. H. (2016). "Prestonellinae – validation of the name as a new subfamily of Bothriembryontidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Orthalicoidea)". Zootaxa 4084: 590–592.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Breure A. S. H. & Ablett J. D. (2012) "Annotated type catalogue of the Bothriembryontidae and Odontostomidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Orthalicoidea) in the Natural History Museum, London". ZooKeys 182: 1-70. doi:10.3897/zookeys.182.2720.

Further readingEdit

  • (in German) Neubert E. & Janssen R. (2004). "Die Typen und Typoide des Natur-Museums Senckenberg, 84: Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Orthalicoidea: Bulimulidae (2), Orthalicidae, Placostylidae". Archiv für Molluskenkunde 133: 193-297. abstract.
  •   Pilsbry H. A. (1900). Manual of Conchology, structural and systematic, with illustrations of the species. Second series: Pulmonata. Volume 13. Australasian Bulimulidae: Bothriembryon, Placostylus. Helicidae: Amphidromus. 253 pp., 72 plates.

External linksEdit