Plaça de les Glòries Catalanes
Plaça de les Glòries Catalanes (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈplasə ðə ləz ˈɣlɔɾiəs kətəˈlanəs]), most often shortened to Glòries, is a large square in Barcelona, first designed by Ildefons Cerdà to serve as the city centre in his original urban plan (Pla Cerdà), but nowadays relegated to quite a secondary position. It is located in the Sant Martí district, bordering Eixample, at the junction of three of the city's most important thoroughfares: Avinguda Diagonal, Avinguda Meridiana and Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes. Currently it serves largely as a roundabout of elevated highways. However, beginning in the early 2000s, and as of 2007, revamping project for Glòries has started, which is aimed to give the square a new role in Barcelona and revitalize the northern districts of the city, under the name 22@. These plans supplement other large-scale plans in Sagrera and the Fòrum area. The first installment of this project was the construction of the controversial Torre Agbar skyscraper.
Plaça de les Glòries, which was then well outside the city, was originally featured in the mid-19th-century Cerdà plan for Barcelona, intended as a large public square in a new city centre, but it remained sparsely developed, turning into one of Barcelona's major road and railway junctions. Eventually the railways were closed or went underground, and around 1990 the road junction was reshaped into the current large elevated roundabout with a park at its centre, with pedestrian access beneath the roads.
In March 2016, ongoing excavations as part of the area's redevelopment uncovered extensive remains of el Rec Comtal, an important aqueduct possibly dating back to Roman times, which until the mid-20th century brought water from the Besòs river to the city.
Large portions of the square are occupied by parking lots and its central area is surrounded by concrete walls, part of the not very aesthetic elevated highways. The rest of the square hosts a shopping centre (the Centre Comercial Glòries), a secondary school (IES Salvador Espriu), and the Torre Agbar. The square also serves as the venue for one of the city's most renowned traditional open-air marketplaces, Els Encants Vells.
Since 1928, Glòries has been the location of one of Europe's oldest open-air flea markets, known as els Encants Vells or Fira de Bellcaire, which is said to date back to the 14th century, and operates four days a week. The market was formerly housed on an area of land at the north-western side of the square, but as part of the redevelopment of the area a new development has been built at a site at the south-western end of the square, consisting of a multi-level construction to provide covered walkways, modern facilities for the traders, and parking for customers.
Glòries and its immediate area is planned to become a park with a multitude of services including a public library, a major underground train station (served by RENFE and Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya), a public clinic, a sports centre as well as a museum of design. Integration with other buildings already completed in the area (Teatre Nacional de Catalunya, L'Auditori and Mercat dels Encants) is a key component of proposed redevelopment.
Furthermore, the three major thoroughfares that cross Glòries partially laid underground to make room for open green space.
Buildings and structuresEdit
- Torre Agbar by Jean Nouvel
- La Farinera del Clot, a cultural centre. The building, a former factory, was recently rebuilt.
- Disseny Hub Barcelona
- Complex de Cinemes-Plaça de les Arts, by Zaha Hadid
- Edifici Ona, and administrative building for the city council.
- Line 7 Diagonal Mar - Zona Universitària
- Line 56 Collblanc - Besòs/Verneda
- Line 60 Pl. Glòries - Zona Universitària
- Line 92 Pg. Marítim - Gràcia
- Line B21 Barcelona (Rda. St. Pere) - Sta. Coloma (Av. Ramon Berenguer IV)
- Line 192 Hospital de Sant Pau - Poblenou
- N0 Pl. Portal de la Pau - Pl. Portal de la Pau
- N2 Hospitalet (Av. Carrilet) - Badalona (Via Augusta)
- N7 Pl. Pedralbes - Pl. Llevant (Fòrum)
- Avinguda Diagonal
A new large station joining the different rail systems of Barcelona has been proposed, but is still under consideration.
- A controversial FGC rail and metro station planned by the Barcelona city council but still not approved by Generalitat de Catalunya.
- A Renfe train station which will probably replace Arc de Triomf train station. It will be served by R1, R3 and R4 Rodalies lines.
- A disputed extension into Avinguda Diagonal of Trambesòs. Convergència i Unió approved the project but Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya deemed it too expensive.
- Centre Cultural la Farinera del Clot, a theatre.
- Versus Teatre
- Barcelona Visual Sound, a multimedia festival held in February in different parts of the city, hosts in Glòries its most important acts.
- Hotel Diagonal Barcelona
- Hotel Glories, Padilla 173 - 08013 Barcelona
- Javier Rui-Wamba, Sebastián Guerrero (December 2009). "La plaça de les Glòries Catalanes: Una breu història visual" (PDF). Fundación Esteyco. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-03.
- Domingo Marchena (2016-03-08). "Hallada la piedra de Rosetta del Rec Comtal en Glòries" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. Retrieved 2016-03-08.
- "EncantsBarcelona". Encants Barcelona. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- Sebastian Jordana (2013-09-26). "Video: Encants Barcelona Fira de Bellcaire". Arch Daily. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
- Bloc de n'Isaac Garcia
- Project dossier at Bcn.cat
- An essay about the history of Glòries
- Glòries tram station (with photos)