Pixel 4

Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL are Android smartphones from the Google Pixel product line, serving as successors to the Pixel 3.[6][7] The phones were officially announced on October 15, 2019 and released in the United States on October 24, 2019.[8] They were discontinued in August 2020.[9]

  • Pixel 4
  • Pixel 4 XL
Pixel 4 schematic.svg
A diagram of the Pixel 4
Codename
  • Flame (Pixel 4)[1]
  • Coral (Pixel 4 XL)[1]
BrandGoogle
ManufacturerFoxconn
SeriesPixel
Compatible networksGSM/EDGE, UMTS/HSPA+, CDMA EVDO Rev A, WCDMA, LTE, LTE Advanced
First releasedOctober 24, 2019; 13 months ago (2019-10-24)
DiscontinuedAugust 6, 2020; 3 months ago (2020-08-06)[2]
PredecessorPixel 3
SuccessorPixel 5
RelatedPixel 4a
Type
Form factorSlate
Dimensions
  • Pixel 4:
    H: 147.1 mm (5.79 in)
    W: 68.8 mm (2.71 in)
    D: 8.2 mm (0.32 in)
  • Pixel 4 XL:
    H: 160.4 mm (6.31 in)
    W: 75.1 mm (2.96 in)
    D: 8.2 mm (0.32 in)
Mass
  • Pixel 4: 162 g (5.7 oz)
  • Pixel 4 XL: 193 g (6.8 oz)
Operating systemAndroid 10
Upgradable to Android 11
System on chipQualcomm Snapdragon 855
CPUOcta-core (1 × 2.84 GHz Kryo 485 Gold Prime & 3 × 2.42 GHz Kryo 485 Gold & 4 × 1.78 GHz Kryo 485 Silver)
GPUAdreno 640
Memory6 GB LPDDR4X
Storage64 GB or 128 GB UFS 2.1[3]
Removable storageNone
Battery
  • Pixel 4: 2800 mAh
  • Pixel 4 XL: 3700 mAh
Data inputsUSB-C
Display
Rear cameraSony Exmor IMX363 12.2 MP (1.4 μm) with f/1.7 lens, 28 mm (wide), 1/2.55" + 16 MP (1.0 μm) with f/2.4 lens, 48 mm (telephoto), Dual Pixel PDAF, optical and electronic image stabilization, 1.7x optical zoom, 8x zoom, Dual-LED flash, Live HDR+, panorama, 1080p at 30/60/120 fps, 4K at 30 fps
Front camera8 MP with f/2.0 lens, 22 mm (ultra wide, 90°), 1.22 μm, 1080p at 30 fps, Auto-HDR + ToF camera
SoundStereo speakers
ConnectivityWi-Fi 5 (a/b/g/n/ac 2.4 + 5.0 GHz, Bluetooth 5.0 + LE, NFC, GPS (GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou), eSIM capable
Water resistanceIP68, up to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) for 30 minutes
Other
  • 18 W fast charging
  • 11 W Qi wireless charging
  • Titan M security module
  • Pixel Neural Core
WebsiteGoogle Pixel 4
References[4][5]

HistoryEdit

Google confirmed the device's design in June 2019 after renders of it were leaked online.[10][11]

In the United States, the Pixel 4 is the first Pixel phone to be offered for sale by all major wireless carriers at launch. Previous flagship Pixel models had launched as exclusives to Verizon and Google Fi; the midrange Pixel 3a was additionally available from Sprint and T-Mobile, but not AT&T, at its launch.[12] As with all other Pixel releases, Google is offering unlocked U.S. versions through its website.

On January 10, 2020, Pixel 4 price dropped below the Black Friday prices.[13] The phones were officially announced on October 15, 2019 and released in the United States on October 24, 2019.[14] They were discontinued in August 2020.[15]

SpecificationsEdit

Design and hardwareEdit

 
Schematic of Pixel 4's back; the black square in the upper left is the camera module.

The Pixel 4 and 4 XL are constructed using an aluminum frame and Gorilla Glass 5. The devices are available in Just Black, Clearly White, and Oh So Orange colors, with the white and orange models having a matte, "soft touch" glass finish, and the black model having a glossy finish.[16][17] The frame is painted black on all models, while the power button is accented and made from plastic.

The USB-C connector at the bottom of the device is used for charging and audio output, though neither USB-C headphones nor a USB-C to 3.5 mm jack adapter are included in the box.[18] Both have stereo speakers, but unlike the Pixel 3, only one of the speakers is front-firing, with the other speaker located to the right of the USB-C port. Neither model includes a fingerprint reader; facial recognition (using a dot projector, infrared emitters and cameras along the top bezel of the device) is the only biometric authentication method offered by the Pixel 4.[19]

Both models use the Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 system-on-chip (consisting of eight Kryo 485 CPU cores, an Adreno 640 GPU and a Hexagon 690 DSP), with 6 GB of LPDDR4X RAM. Models are available with 64 or 128 GB of non-expandable internal storage.[19] Battery sizes differ, with the Pixel 4 using a 2800 mAh cell and the Pixel 4 XL using a 3700 mAh cell. Both are capable of fast-charging at up to 18 W, and support Qi wireless charging. Like their predecessors, the phones have a water protection rating of IP68 under IEC standard 60529.[19] The Pixel 4 also features the Pixel Neural Core and Knowles 8508A audio processor.[20] The Pixel Neural Core is the successor to the Pixel Visual Core; it also contains an instantiation of the Edge TPU architecture.[21]

The Pixel 4 features an OLED display manufactured by Samsung[22] with HDR support, that operates at a refresh rate of up to 90 Hz; it dynamically adjusts depending on content to preserve battery life.[19] Both models use a wider 19:9 aspect ratio, with the Pixel 4 using a 5.7-inch (140 mm) 1080p panel, and the 4 XL using a 6.3-inch (160 mm) 1440p panel. Unlike the Pixel 3 XL, the Pixel 4 XL's display does not contain a cutout, or notch.[18]

The Pixel 4 includes dual rear-facing cameras located within a raised square module. It houses a wide 28 mm 77° f/1.7 lens with the same Sony Exmor IMX363 12.2-megapixel sensor as on the Pixel 3 and 3a, and a second telephoto 48 mm f/2.4 lens with a 16-megapixel sensor.[19] Both are capable of recording video at 4K resolution, but can only do so at 30 fps whereas most competitors support 60 fps as well. In a tweet, Google stated that "We find that the majority of users stick with 1080p, so we focus our energy on improving our quality in this mode, versus enabling a 4k 60 fps mode that could use up to half a gigabyte of storage every minute".[23] Google claims the Pixel 4 can capture 8x zoom at near-optical quality.[24] Additionally, it uses Google Camera 7.1 with software enhancements, including Live HDR+ with dual exposure controls, improved Night Sight with Astrophotography mode and improved Portrait Mode with more realistic Bokeh.[25] It includes a single ultra wide (90°) front-facing camera with an 8-megapixel sensor, unlike the Pixel 3 which included ultra wide (97°) and wide (75°) front-facing cameras, both of which also had 8-megapixel sensors.[26] The Pixel 4's astrophotography mode is able to stack together 16 exposures, each with an exposure time of 15 seconds.[27]

Motion SenseEdit

The Pixel 4 marks the introduction of Motion Sense, a radar-based gesture recognition system. It is based on the Project Soli technology developed by Google ATAP as an alternative to light-based systems such as infrared[citation needed]. Motion Sense can be used for detecting a user's proximity to the device to activate the always-on display or power the screen on, and waving gestures that can be used in supported apps (such as skipping tracks in the music player, and an interactive Pokémon demo app).[18][28][29]

Due to its use of 60 GHz frequency bands, Google was required to obtain specific regulatory approval for the radar system in all countries that the Pixel 4 is being sold. As such, the feature is geoblocked if the device is detected to be in an unsupported country. On launch, Google stated that support for the feature was currently limited to Australia, Canada, "most European countries", Singapore, Taiwan, and the United States, but that Japan was "coming soon". Google stated that it had no plans to sell the Pixel 4 in India, with the company officially stating a preference to continue marketing the Pixel 3a in the region; media outlets noted that civilian use of the 60 GHz frequency is prohibited in India, unlike in the U.S. and some other countries, where it is considered unlicensed spectrum.[30][31][32]

SoftwareEdit

The Pixel 4 ships with Android 10 and Google Camera 7.1.[33] The devices feature several features powered by their Pixel Neural Core (the successor to the Pixel Visual Core) and Knowles 8508A audio processor. In addition to its existing use for computational photography image processing, they are used by the new Recorder and Live Transcribe apps. Recorder is a voice recorder with live transcription, classification and searchable sounds.[34] Also the "new" Google Assistant, which contains enhancements to allow for increased client-side recognition of commands that are local to the device (rather than querying Google servers).[18]

After Google demonstrated astrophotography sample photos, a scene of San Francisco with the moon blown out and the woods underexposed was shown. Marc Levoy explained that the difference in light between the moon and woods was too significant, requiring 19 stops of dynamic range which no phone or DSLR camera was currently capable of performing. He reaffirmed Google's commitment to improving the camera with software updates (a signature of the Pixel line) and said to stay tuned.[35]

ReceptionEdit

The Pixel 4 received an overall score of 112 from DXOMARK, a 10-point improvement over its predecessor. It had a photo score of 117, a video score of 101, and a selfie score of 92.[36] The camera was particularly praised for its performance in low light situations.[37]

The Pixel 4 and 4 XL received generally positive reviews from critics,[38][39] with praise going to the photography capabilities of the devices, the move to 6 GB of RAM from 4 GB, and the 90 Hz refresh rate screen, but were criticized for their poor battery life (especially on the smaller Pixel 4), the low amount of non-expandable storage, the lack of an ultra-wide angle camera lens, the removal of the fingerprint sensor in favor of the secure Face Unlock, the lack of 4K 60 fps video recording, the lack of headphones or an adapter in the box, the Motion Sense system's poor detection, and the high price compared to other flagship smartphones.[40][41][42] Google was also criticized for not providing unlimited uncompressed photo and video cloud storage like its Pixel predecessors had.[43][44]

Ars Technica gave the device a mixed pre-release review, noting that the etched finish of the orange and white models felt stronger than that of the Pixel 3 without compromising its "soft" and "grippy" feel, but that the screen bezels looked "lopsided". The Motion Sense system was panned for its reliance on hand waving gestures that were "so big that it's a cumbersome, tiring, annoying thing to do." This was contrasted with early demonstrations of the technology being able to detect "sub-millimeter motions at high speed and accuracy", noting that Google's admitted need to downsize the radar chip in order to fit into a smartphone may have compromised its capabilities.[16] Ars Technica's in-depth review concluded that "This year, the Pixel 4 feels like a bunch of software decisions designed to prop up hardware that has been cost-cut to death".[45]

IssuesEdit

  • Videos recorded with third-party apps like Instagram and Snapchat have odd clicking noises in the background.[46]

Fixed issuesEdit

  • The Pixel 4 did not require eye contact with the phone when using facial recognition to unlock the device, raising privacy concerns since the device could be unlocked even if the user's eyes were closed.[47] Google released an update in April 2020 that added the option for eyes open requirement in face unlock.[48]
  • The Pixel 4 automatically lowers the display's refresh rate to 60 Hz if the screen brightness is set below 75 percent. Google released a fix for this in the November 2019 update.[49][50]
  • In certain lighting conditions, the Pixel 4's white balance "fix" could result in photos with inaccurate color representation. Google released a fix in the November 2019 update.[51]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Laird, James (October 9, 2019). "Google's Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL codenames just leaked for all to see". Trusted Reviews. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  2. ^ Amadeo, Ron (August 6, 2020). "Google kills the Pixel 4, making it the shortest-lived Pixel ever". Ars Technica. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  3. ^ Google Pixel 4 Series Includes UFS 2.1 Storage, Not UFS 3.0
  4. ^ "Compare Pixel 4 & Pixel 4 XL Tech Specs – Google Store". Google Store. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  5. ^ Wiggers, Kyle (October 15, 2019). "Google unveils Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL with gesture recognition and dual rear cameras". VentureBeat. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
  6. ^ Holland, Patrick (October 15, 2019). "Google Pixel 4 and 4 XL hands-on: Two rear cameras and that ugly notch is gone". CNET. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  7. ^ Amadeo, Ron (October 15, 2019). "Google Pixel 4: 90Hz screen, next-gen Google Assistant, shipping Oct 24". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  8. ^ Bohn, Dieter (October 15, 2019). "Google Pixel 4 and 4 XL hands-on: This time, it's not about the camera". The Verge. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  9. ^ Russell, Brandon (August 6, 2020). "Google discontinues the Pixel 4 and 4 XL less than 1 year after launch". xda-developers. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
  10. ^ Welch, Chris (June 12, 2019). "This is Google's Pixel 4". The Verge.
  11. ^ Welch, Chris (September 16, 2019). "Google announces October 15th hardware event for Pixel 4". The Verge. Retrieved September 16, 2019.
  12. ^ Wedel, Chris (October 15, 2019). "Google expanding Pixel 4 to all major U.S. carriers". Android Central. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  13. ^ The price of the Pixel 4 has dropped below Black Friday prices
  14. ^ Bohn, Dieter (October 15, 2019). "Google Pixel 4 and 4 XL hands-on: This time, it's not about the camera". The Verge. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  15. ^ Russell, Brandon (August 6, 2020). "Google discontinues the Pixel 4 and 4 XL less than 1 year after launch". xda-developers. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
  16. ^ a b Amadeo, Ron (October 16, 2019). "Pixel 4 hands-on—Thumbs up for 90Hz, thumbs down for Project Soli". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  17. ^ Chokkattu, Julian (October 15, 2019). "Google's Pixel 4 looks different. Here's what the designers changed and why". Digital Trends. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  18. ^ a b c d Bohn, Dieter (October 15, 2019). "Google Pixel 4 and 4 XL hands-on: this time, it's not about the camera". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d e Frumusanu, Andrei. "Google Announces The Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL: The 2019 Pixels". Anandtech.com. Future plc. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  20. ^ "Google Pixel 4 XL Teardown". iFixit. October 24, 2019. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  21. ^ "Introducing the Next Generation of On-Device Vision Models: MobileNetV3 and MobileNetEdgeTPU". Google AI Blog. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  22. ^ "Google Pixel 4 XL Teardown". iFixit. October 24, 2019. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  23. ^ Maxham, Alexander (October 21, 2019). "Google Explains Why Pixel 4 Doesn't Have 4K60 Video". Android Headlines. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  24. ^ "Google Pixel 4 Promises 'Studio-Like Photos Without the Studio'". petapixel.com. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  25. ^ "These are the most important Google Pixel 4 camera updates". DPReview. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  26. ^ Kellen (October 16, 2019). "Pixel 4's Single Front Camera Almost as Wide-Angle as Pixel 3's". Droid Life. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  27. ^ "Inside Pixel 4's camera: Google improves portrait mode with help from Italian art". CNET.
  28. ^ Bohn, Dieter (October 15, 2019). "Google's Project Soli: the tech behind Pixel 4's Motion Sense radar". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  29. ^ Porter, Jon (October 15, 2019). "Google demos how the Pixel 4's gesture controls work with music, pokémon, and more". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  30. ^ "Google Pixel 4, Pixel 4 XL not launching in India". TechCrunch. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  31. ^ Ganti, Anil (October 15, 2019). "Motion Sense Will Automatically Disable Itself in Unsupported Regions". Wccftech. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  32. ^ Anwer, Javed. "Google Pixel 4 and Pixel 4XL will not launch in India, they are too high-tech for Indian government". India Today. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  33. ^ Perlow, Jason. "Pixel 4 specs vs price: Google's new phone is too weak, too late, and too expensive". ZDNet. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  34. ^ "The On-Device Machine Learning Behind Recorder". Google AI Blog. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  35. ^ Made by Google '19, retrieved October 19, 2019
  36. ^ Carroll, Paul (October 21, 2019). "Google Pixel 4 camera review". DxOMark. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  37. ^ Hristov, Victor. "Night Mode Camera Comparison: Pixel 4 XL Night Sight vs iPhone 11 Pro Max vs Galaxy Note 10+". Phone Arena. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
  38. ^ Ismail, Adam (October 23, 2019). "Google Pixel 4 Review". Tom's Guide. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  39. ^ Van Camp, Jeffrey (October 23, 2019). "Review: Google Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL". Wired. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  40. ^ La, Lynn (November 1, 2019). "Google Pixel 4 XL review". CNET. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  41. ^ Gibbs, Samuel (October 31, 2019). "Google Pixel 4 review: a good phone ruined by poor battery life". The Guardian. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  42. ^ Parker, Max (October 21, 2019). "Google Pixel 4 Review". Trusted Reviews. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  43. ^ Google Pixel 4 buyers won’t get unlimited photo uploads at original quality
  44. ^ The Pixel 4 won’t have free, unlimited full-res Google Photos storage
  45. ^ Google Pixel 4 review—Overpriced, uncompetitive, and out of touch
  46. ^ Hill, Simon (October 31, 2019). "Annoying Google Pixel 4 problems and how to fix them". Digital Trends. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  47. ^ Welch, Chris (October 17, 2019). "Google's Pixel 4 face unlock has one major privacy weakness". The Verge. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  48. ^ "Pixel 4 can now require open eyes when using face unlock". Mobilesyrup. April 7, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  49. ^ Faulkner, Cameron (November 4, 2019). "The Pixel 4's Smooth Display issues will be 'improved' with the November update". The Verge. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  50. ^ Fingas, Jon (November 4, 2019). "Pixel 4 update lets Smooth Display kick in more often". Engadget. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  51. ^ "Google seemingly fixes auto white balance issue in latest Pixel 4 update". GSMArena. November 11, 2019. Retrieved November 29, 2019.

External linksEdit