Pitman, New Jersey
Pitman is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 9,011, reflecting a decline of 320 (-3.4%) from the 9,331 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 34 (-0.4%) from the 9,365 counted in the 1990 Census. The borough was named for Rev. Charles Pitman, a Methodist minister.
Pitman, New Jersey
|Borough of Pitman|
The Broadway Theater in Pitman
Map of Pitman highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Pitman, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||May 24, 1905|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Russell C. Johnson, III (R, term ends December 31, 2019)|
|• Municipal clerk||Judith O'Donnell|
|• Total||2.308 sq mi (5.978 km2)|
|• Land||2.266 sq mi (5.870 km2)|
|• Water||0.042 sq mi (0.109 km2) 1.82%|
|Area rank||367th of 566 in state|
16th of 24 in county
|Elevation||125 ft (38 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||255th of 566 in state|
12th of 24 in county
|• Density||3,976.1/sq mi (1,535.2/km2)|
|• Density rank||153rd of 566 in state|
3rd of 24 in county
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0885354|
Until August 2014, Pitman was a dry town. Though the borough still does not allow liquor stores or bars, patrons can purchase wine by the bottle from local vineyards at select licensed establishments under the terms of a state law that bypasses municipal oversight. In 2016, a pair of local breweries opened in Pitman's Uptown business district under the terms of a state law that allows the sale of beer by the glass in tasting rooms.
In 1871, land was chosen in both Glassboro Township and Mantua Township to be set aside for a Methodist summer camp. The New Jersey Conference Camp Meeting Association was officially chartered and given authority over the land grant in 1872, and began planning the campground and organizing meetings. The land had an auditorium located on a central meeting ground, and twelve roads originated from the central area as spokes on a wheel. This area became known as the Pitman Grove, and while worshipers' tents originally lined each of the twelve roads, cottages slowly replaced the tents and formed the foundation of the town of Pitman. By the 1880s, the number of cottages had climbed to 400 and residents had begun staying year-round, both of which led to the establishment of the first public school in 1884. In 1904, residents of Pitman Grove voted 122 to 35 for incorporation as an autonomous borough, and on May 24, 1905, Governor of New Jersey Edward C. Stokes signed a law granting the incorporation.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.308 square miles (5.978 km2), including 2.266 square miles (5.870 km2) of land and 0.042 square miles (0.109 km2) of water (1.82%).
1910-2000 1910--1920 1910
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,011 people, 3,489 households, and 2,327.163 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,976.1 per square mile (1,535.2/km2). There were 3,705 housing units at an average density of 1,634.8 per square mile (631.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.08% (8,658) White, 1.14% (103) Black or African American, 0.09% (8) Native American, 0.62% (56) Asian, 0.03% (3) Pacific Islander, 0.64% (58) from other races, and 1.39% (125) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.46% (222) of the population.
There were 3,489 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.2 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 83.0 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $67,234 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,656) and the median family income was $92,120 (+/- $9,726). Males had a median income of $50,119 (+/- $5,616) versus $46,806 (+/- $6,937) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,777 (+/- $2,034). About 4.4% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 9,331 people, 3,473 households, and 2,431 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,068.3 people per square mile (1,573.2/km2). There were 3,653 housing units at an average density of 1,592.7 per square mile (615.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.16% White, 0.91% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population.
There were 3,473 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the borough the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $49,743, and the median income for a family was $59,419. Males had a median income of $40,894 versus $30,889 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,133. About 2.8% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.
Pitman is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Pitman, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2018[update], the Mayor of Pitman Borough is Republican Russell C. Johnson, III, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Pitman Borough Council are Council President Paul Blass (D, 2021), Kevin R. Austin (R, 2019), Jim Pierpont (D, 2020), Matt Weng (D, 2020), Michael L. Razze Jr. (R, 2019) and Amy Rudley (D, 2021).
The borough has a police department.
Federal, state and county representationEdit
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 4th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Fred H. Madden (D, Washington Township, Gloucester County) and in the General Assembly by Paul Moriarty (D, Washington Township, Gloucester County) and Gabriela Mosquera (D, Gloucester Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).
Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2018[update], Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term as freeholder and as freeholder director ends December 31, 2018), Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; term as freeholder and as freeholder deputy director ends 2018), Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2020), Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2019), Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2019), Jim Jefferson (D, Woodbury; 2020) and Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2020). Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan (D, Franklinville in Franklin Township; 2022), Sheriff Carmel Morina (D, Greenwich Township; 2018) and Surrogate Helene M. Reed (D, Monroe Township; 2022).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 6,118 registered voters in Pitman, of which 1,840 (30.1%) were registered as Democrats, 1,446 (23.6%) were registered as Republicans and 2,824 (46.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 8 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 52.5% of the vote (2,340 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 45.7% (2,036 votes), and other candidates with 1.8% (82 votes), among the 4,508 ballots cast by the borough's 6,297 registered voters (50 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 71.6%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 52.4% of the vote (2,529 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 44.8% (2,164 votes) and other candidates with 1.7% (80 votes), among the 4,828 ballots cast by the borough's 6,486 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.4%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 49.3% of the vote (2,369 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 48.8% (2,345 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (64 votes), among the 4,804 ballots cast by the borough's 6,350 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 75.7.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 61.0% of the vote (1,842 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 36.2% (1,095 votes), and other candidates with 2.8% (85 votes), among the 3,090 ballots cast by the borough's 6,157 registered voters (68 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 50.2%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 46.4% of the vote (1,498 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 42.5% (1,373 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.4% (270 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (34 votes), among the 3,231 ballots cast by the borough's 6,255 registered voters, yielding a 51.7% turnout.
The Pitman School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's five schools had an enrollment of 1,512 students and 125.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.01:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are three elementary schools — Elwood Kindle Elementary School (grades K-5; 214 students), Memorial Elementary School (PreK-5; 239) and W. C. K. Walls Elementary School (PreK-5; 238) — Pitman Middle School (grades 6 - 8; 381) and Pitman High School (grades 9 - 12; 440).
Roads and highwaysEdit
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 37.20 miles (59.87 km) of roadways, of which 29.77 miles (47.91 km) were maintained by the municipality and 7.43 miles (11.96 km) by Gloucester County.
New Jersey Route 47 is the main highway directly serving Pitman. It runs along the town's eastern border with Glassboro. County Route 553 and County Route 553 Alternate are the main county roads passing through Pitman. New Jersey Route 55 passes just to the west of Pitman in neighboring Mantua Township.
The community is a planned stop on the Glassboro–Camden Line, an 18-mile (28.97 km) diesel multiple unit (DMU) light rail system that was projected for completion in 2019.However, as of 2016, funding has stalled for the route.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Pitman include:
- George Anastasia (born 1947), author and journalist.
- Madeline Brewer (born 1992), Actress best known for her roles in "Orange is the New Black" and "The Handmaid's Tale" .
- Joe Crispin (born 1979), Gloucester County's all-time leading scorer for boys' high school basketball (2,651 career points) who played in the NBA for the Lakers and Suns
- Jon Crispin (born 1981), Gloucester County's fourth all-time leading boys' scorer (2,319 career points) in high school. Played collegiately for two seasons at Penn State with brother Joe, then transferred and spent last two seasons with the UCLA Bruins.
- Preston Foster (1900-1970), actor.
- Harry Gamble (1930-2014), football coach and executive.
- Erica Scanlon Harr (born 1982), Miss New Jersey 2004.
- John E. Hunt (1908–1989), represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1967 to 1975.
- Jane Moffet (born 1930), utility player who played for four seasons in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
- Patti Smith (born 1946), singer-songwriter, poet and visual artist.
- John E. Wallace Jr. (born 1942), former Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court.
- Don Wildman (born 1961), actor and television host.
- Worden, Nat. "Sony to Close N.J. CD Plant", The Wall Street Journal, January 18, 2011. Accessed July 19, 2012. "Pitman Mayor Michael Batten, a Republican, said the plant closing would deal a painful blow to the small borough with the motto: 'The Small Town With A Big Heart'."
- Kuperinsky, Amy. "'The Jewel of the Meadowlands'?: N.J.'s best, worst and weirdest town slogans", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, January 22, 2015. Accessed July 12, 2016. "Rising above one Gloucester County town about 20 miles from Philadelphia is a large blue water tower. 'Everybody Loves Pitman,' it proclaims. The slogan, submitted by Mary Dilks in a 1913 contest, may be memorable for its quirkiness, but Pitman local Holly Mummert, 39, isn't taking the bait. 'They don't love it. They don't hate it. They just like it. It's mediocre. OK. Not bad.'"
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
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- Mayor & Council, Borough of Pitman. Accessed January 10, 2016.
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- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 24.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Pitman, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Pitman borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 19, 2012.
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- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Pitman borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 19, 2012.
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- Look Up a ZIP Code for Pitman, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 19, 2012.
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- Weisenfeld, Bernie. "Grove's unique history still evident", Courier-Post, February 27, 2003. Accessed September 19, 2015. "One of numerous camp meetings held throughout South Jersey in the late 19th century, the Grove was named for Rev. Charles Pitman, a noted Methodist evangelist who died in 1854. The town took the same name when it incorporated in 1905."
- Polhamus, Andy. "Pitman residents react to borough wine sales", NJ.com, August 31, 2014. Accessed January 9, 2017. "As a downtown cafe becomes the first business to sell wine in the borough's history, residents and shoppers were split Sunday on how they felt about local businesses offering alcohol.... Wine will be the only alcoholic beverage available at restaurants in town for now, but this is still a big jump from Pitman's history as a dry town."
- Sixpack, Joe. "New state regs let craft breweries tap into dry N.J. towns like Pitman", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 5, 2016. Accessed January 9, 2017. "THERE ARE NO saloons in Pitman, N.J. No bottle shops or restaurants with liquor licenses, either. This is a dry town, a vestige of its founding as a Methodist retreat.Yet on Saturday afternoon, with a ceremonial tapping of the first keg, a brewery will open on Broadway, the Gloucester County town's main drag.... Though liquor licenses still are banned in Pitman, Kelly Green is opening under a new state law that allows so-called limited breweries to produce beer and sell it by the glass in a tasting room."
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 140. Accessed July 19, 2012.
- Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 210. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed September 19, 2015.
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- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed November 7, 2012.
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- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Pitman borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 19, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Pitman borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 19, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Pitman borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 19, 2012.
- Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask" Archived September 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
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- "Police Department". Brough of Pitman. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
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- Giuseppe (Joe) Chila, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
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- Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
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- Surrogate Helene M. Reed, Gloucester County. Accessed July 19, 2017.
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- District information for Pitman School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 19, 2014.
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- Elwood Kindle Elementary School, Pitman School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
- Memorial Elementary School, Pitman School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
- W. C. K. Walls Elementary School, Pitman School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
- Pitman Middle School, Pitman School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
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- Gloucester County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed October 31, 2013.
- Gloucester County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed October 31, 2013.
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- Shyrock, Bob. "Gloucester County Italian Heritage Commission honors journalist/author George Anastasia", NJ.com, October 10, 2014. Accessed January 9, 2017. "The Pitman resident will be honored Wednesday, Oct. 22, 6 p.m. at the commission's annual 'Night in Sicily' fund-raising event at Auletto's Caterers in Almonesson."
- Roncace, Kelly. "Pitman's Madeline Brewer appears in Netflix series 'Orange is the New Black'", South Jersey Times, July 6, 2013. Accessed December 7, 2014. "Former Miss Pitman Madeline Brewer graduated from the American Musical and Dramatic Academy in New York City last year and has already taken her acting career 'out of the box.'"
- Penn State MBB History. Accessed July 23, 2007.
- SI.com Joe Crispin Player Page. Accessed July 23, 2007.
- A pop with 'Pop', Crispin brothers act in Coke commercial. Accessed July 23, 2007.
- "The Fourteenth Census of the United States: 1920", enumeration dates January 2–3, 1920, District 1, Pitman Borough, Glouchester County, New Jersey. Bureau of the Census, United States Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. FamilySearch. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
- Shryock, Bob. "Harry Gamble, former Philadelphia Eagles GM and Pitman resident, dies at 83", South Jersey Times, January 28, 2014. Accessed October 19, 2014. "Harry Gamble, one of Pitman's favorite sons, a man who said he lived to coach football and traveled to Russia frequently to prove it, died Tuesday after a brief illness."
- Rearick, Cristie. "Former Miss NJ Erica Scanlon Harr takes stage in A Chorus Line", South Jersey Times, January 29, 2013. accessed June 1, 2018. "Harr is no stranger to the spotlight. In 2004, the Pitman native was crowned Miss New Jersey. She went on to represent the state at the last Miss America pageant held in Atlantic City."
- John Edmund Hunt, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 26, 2007.
- Micko, Lillian. "Real 'League Of Their Own' Players Are Honored Fans Inspired By The Movie Came. So Did Two Women Who Played And Their Coach.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 13, 1994. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Among about 500 women who played in the league and whose stories the movie portrayed were Gertie Dunn, 60, and Jane Moffet, 64, who busily autographed baseballs, programs, photographs, ticket stubs and T-shirts, among other things, for a steady stream of fans before and during the game.... Moffet, who now lives in Toms River but grew up in Pitman, retired just last month after 42 years in education."
- DeLuca, Dan. "Patti Smith Still Enthralls In Tla Show", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 27, 1995. Accessed February 18, 2014. "Is she ever. For the Pitman-bred Smith, this weekend's shows at the TLA - two on Friday, one on Saturday - were the first Philadelphia performances since she retreated from public life in 1979 to raise a family in Detroit with her husband, Fred 'Sonic' Smith, who died in 1994."
- Ruderman, Wendy. "Mensch on the bench Public Ceremony John E. Wallace Jr. New justice is respected for decisions, demeanor The state's newest justice wins praise as 'a fine and principled jurist.'", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 3, 2003. Accessed July 6, 2016. "His parents were Democrats in the heavily Republican town of Pitman, where Wallace was born."
- Riordan, Kevin. "A Hollywood boost for Pitman's downtown", The Philadelphia Inquirer, April 22, 2015. Accessed April 29, 2015. "Wildman moved to Pitman as a 4-year-old in 1965 and recalls seeing The Poseidon Adventure and other hits on the Broadway's big screen. He lived in the borough until 1977."