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Pithecellobium is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. The generic name is derived from the Greek words πιθηκος (pithekos), meaning "ape" or "monkey," and ελλοβιον (ellobion), meaning "earring," which refers to the coiled shape of the fruit pods.[3] Plants of the genus are known generally as blackbeads.[4]

Pithecellobium
Cayos pict098.jpg
Pithecellobium keyense
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae[1]
(unranked): Mimosoid clade[1]
Genus: Pithecellobium
Mart.
Species

See text

Synonyms[2]
  • Cylindrokelupha Kosterm.
  • Pithecelobium (orth.var.)
  • Pithecollobium Mart.
  • Pithecolobium (lapsus)

SpeciesEdit

There are about 75 species in the genus:[5]

Formerly placed hereEdit

Many species now in the genera Albizia and Abarema were formerly classified in Pithecellobium. Other species previously included:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon. 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3. 
  2. ^ "Pithecellobium Mart". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2010-01-27. 
  3. ^ Austin, D. F. (2004). Florida Ethnobotany. CRC Press. p. 517. ISBN 978-0-8493-2332-4. 
  4. ^ Pithecellobium. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
  5. ^ Pithecellobium. The Plant List.