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Piravom is a small municipality in Ernakulam district and a suburb of Kochi in the state of Kerala, India. It is situated around 30 km South East of the Kochi city center]. Piravom is famous for historic Hindu temples and Syrian Christian churches and is believed as the birthplace of Adi Shankara.[1] The town lies 20 km from Muvattupuzha. Piravom is located at the boundary between two districts, Ernakulam and Kottayam.

Piravom municipality
Suburb/Big Town/Municipality
Piravom Bridge
Piravom Bridge
Piravom municipality is located in Kerala
Piravom municipality
Piravom municipality
Location in Kerala, India
Piravom municipality is located in India
Piravom municipality
Piravom municipality
Piravom municipality (India)
Coordinates: 9°51′0″N 76°30′0″E / 9.85000°N 76.50000°E / 9.85000; 76.50000Coordinates: 9°51′0″N 76°30′0″E / 9.85000°N 76.50000°E / 9.85000; 76.50000
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictErnakulam
City UAKochi
Government
 • BodyPiravom municipality
 • Chairmansabu k Jacob
Area
 • Total29.36 km2 (11.34 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total27,229
 • Density930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
686664
Telephone code0485
Vehicle registrationKL-07 KL-17
Nearest cityKochi
Lok Sabha constituencyKottayam
Assembly constituencyPiravom assembly constituency
Civic agencyPiravom municipality

Piravom has a river-front, verdant hills, and paddy fields. The town is situated on the banks of the Muvattupuzha river. The Hindustan News Print Limited (HNL) is situated in Velloor, near Piravom. The panchayat had been a municipality for a brief period of about two years before it was reverted to a special grade panchayat in 1992. The Kerala government elevated Piravom panchayat into a municipality again in 2015.

The state government and the GCDA have plans to include Angamaly , Perumbavoor , Piravom and Kolenchery in Ernakulam district; Mala and Kodungallur in Thrissur district; Thalayolaparambu and Vaikom in Kottayam ; and Cherthala in Alappuzha district within the Kochi metropolitan limits. The newly formed metropolis would be put under the charge of a new authority called Kochi Metropolitan Regional Development Authority

The proposed Kochi Electronics and Hardware Park is coming Vishnu Vijaykumar at ambaloor piravom

Contents

HistoryEdit

Piravom was part of erstwhile Vadakkumkoor Kingdom until it was captured by Travancore kingdom, now merged into state of Kerala. The Northern Travancore consists of North Paravur, Aluva, Angamaly, Perumbavoor, Muvattupuzha, Koothattukulam, Kizhakkambalam, Kothamangalam in Ernakulam district..

The panchayat had been a municipality for a brief period of about two years before it was reverted to a panchayat in 1992 after skepticism that a municipality would attract higher tax rate and complexities of building rules. However, the municipal councils now have the authority to fix the tax rate while building rule provisions are already applicable to special grade Panchayats. The panchayat had passed a unanimous resolution for the elevation. In 2015, Kerala government elevated Piravom panchayat to a municipality along with several other towns in Kerala.

The Three Kings Church at Piravom has a very deep history, stemming from the Birth of Jesus. It was supposedly founded in memorial of the visit of the three biblical magi, en route to visit the new baby in the manger.

the maternal home of Adi Shankaracharya at Veliyanad,Piravom

EtymologyEdit

  • It is also believed that the name originated from the story of Adi Shankara's birth. The local legend says, the origin of the name piravom to this town got a connection with the birth of Sri Adi Sankaracharya. (Piravi in Malayalam means birth, Sri Sankara's birth made this place as Piravom). Mel Pazhoor Mana is believed as the birthplace of Adi Sankaracharya, which is the home of Aryamba, his holy mother.It is located in a place near Piravom, called Veliyanad, which got its name from 'Veliyam/Velicham konda nadu' which means the 'land where the light evolved' might be referring to Sankaracharyas birth and the light of knowledge thus originated and spread.[1]

Places of InterestEdit

Pazhoor PadippuraEdit

Pazhoor Padippura is an astrology center linked to Pazhoor Perumthrikkovil located in Piravom is referred in the Aithihyamala by Kottarathil Sankunni.

Pazhoor PerumthrikkovilEdit

 
Perumthrkkovil Pazhor

Pazhoor Perumthrikkovil is a Temple of Lord Shiva of Hindu tradition located at the town of Piravom. The temple is believed to be nearly 1,800 years old.[2]

Mel Pazhur ManaEdit

The birthplace of Adi Shankara acharya the great philosopher, saint and the exponent of Advaita Vedanta is located near Piravom. This home known as Melpazhur Mana[3](refer to Veliyanad) . Mel Pazhur Mana or Adi Sankara nilayam is the home of Aryamba, his holy mother, is located in Veliyanad at Edakkattuvayal Village which is at a distance about 6 km from Piravom Town.[4]

Piravom Valiya PallyEdit

 
Piravom Valiyapally
 
Piravom Valiyapally Cathedral declaration

Piravom Valiya Pally is one of the most ancient churches in Kerala stands on a hilltop on the eastern bank of the Muvattupuzha river at Piravom.

Pazhoor shiv rathri ManappuramEdit

The famous Pazhoor Manappuram is on the verge of extinction due to the sludge in the small stream surrounding the sand bed. The more than 100-year-old sand bed of the Muvattupuzha river is in front of the Pazhoor Perumthrikovil temple

Chinmaya VishwavidyapeethEdit

A deemed university under de-novo category, situated in the birth home of Adi Shankara

Chinmaya Inter FoundationEdit

An organization dedicated to research and the spread of Advaita Vedanta across the world, founded by Swami Chinmayananda .

The story of the Three Biblical MagiEdit

 
Saint Caspar along with St. Melchior and St. Balthasar - From the pictorial encyclopedia Hortus Deliciarum by Herrad of Landsberg as reproduced by Christian Maurice Engelhardt

There is a claim that one of the three Biblical Magi( represent the three wise men(saint Balthasar, saint Caspar, saint Melchior) ) went from Piravom. Saint Caspar(otherwise known as St. Casper, St. Gaspar, St. Kaspar, St. Jaspar and other variations) along with St. Melchior and St. Balthasar, represent the three wise men (Biblical Magi) mentioned in the Bible in the Gospel of Matthew, verses 2:1-9. Although the Bible does not specify who or what the Magi were, since the seventh century, the Magi have been identified in the Western Church as Caspar, Melchior and Balthasar. St. Caspar and the other two are considered Saints by the Catholic Church.

Some consider Caspar to be King Gondophares (AD 21 – c.AD 47) mentioned in the Acts of Thomas. Others consider him to have come from the southern parts of India where, according to tradition, Thomas the Apostle visited decades later. The town by name Piravom in Kerala State, Southern India has for long claimed that one of the three Biblical Magi went from there.

There is a concentration of three churches named after the Biblical Magi in and around Piravom, as against only another three so named in the rest of India.

Educational OrganizationsEdit

  1. Chinmaya Vishwavidyapeeth, a Deemed university under de-novo category, Peppathy [1]
  2. Fatima Matha Central School
  3. St. Joseph's Higher Secondary School
  4. Government Higher Secondary School Piravom
  5. Government Higher Secondary School Namakuzhy
  6. Toc H Public School
  7. B.P.C. College (Aided), Piravom
  8. M. K. M. H. S. S. Piravom
  9. Naipunnya St.Michael's Public School ( Affiliated to CBSE), Veliyanad.

Places of WorshipEdit

  1. Rajadhiraja St. Mary's orthodox Syrian Cathedral, Piravom
  2. Holy Kings Knanaya Catholic Forane Church, Piravom (Kochupally)
  3. Pazhoor Perumthrikkovil Temple of Lord Shiva, legend says it is renovated by Perumthachan
  4. Piravom St Gregorios Orthodox Church(Catholicate Centre)
  5. Pallikkavu Bhagavathi Temple
  6. Karavelloor Mahadeva Temple [108 sivalaya fame] kalampoor
  7. Desadhipan Amarkkulam Sreekrishna Swamy Temple [built by Pancha Paandavar]
  8. Mulakulam Mar Yohanon Ihidiyo Orthodox Syrian church(Mulakulam valiya palli)
  9. Parumala mar Gregorious Shrine, Palachuvadu
  10. Chalasseril Kalari Paradevatha Kshetram
  11. St.Mary's Syrian orthodox Church, Kottarakkunnu
  12. St.Peter's and St.Paul's Orthodox Syrian Church (Parel Pally), Namakuzhy, Mulakulam North
  13. St. George Orthodox Syrian Church, Karmelkunnu, Mulakkulam
  14. Mannookkunnu St Marys Orthodox Cathedral.
  15. Onnakoor St Marys Orthodox Valiyapally
  16. Anchupoojayum Vilakkum Mahotsavam at Desadhipan Amarkkulam Sreekrishnaswamy Temple
  17. Perumbadavum St George Orthodox church, Elanji Near Piravom.
  18. Uthram Vilaku Mahotsavam at Pisharukoil temple, Piravom (Kumbha Masam)
  19. ST ANDREWS CSI Church Palachuvadu,Piravom
  20. St Michaels church kolengai
  21. Sreepurushamangalam Sreekrishna Temple, Kakkad

FestivalsEdit

  1. Holy "Danaha perunnal" at Rajadhiraja St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Piravom (Piravom valiya pally perunnal)
  2. "Vishudha Rajakanmarude Thirunnal" at Piravom Kochu pally.
  3. Pazhoor Shivaraathri and thiruvaathira aarattu maholthsavam.
  4. Easter at Rajadhiraja St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Piravom (Piravom valiya pally)
  5. Thiruvathira Mahotsavam of Thiruveeshamkulam temple
  6. Pallikkavu 'meenabharani' festival
  7. Acharikovil meenabharani festival
  8. Athachamayam Festival
  9. Kalamboor Kaavu pana Maholsavam [kalampoor], thookkam
  10. Medam Rohini Mahotsavam, Sree Purushamangalam Temple, Kakkad
  11. Pazhoor pallippattu temple pana maholsavam
  12. Makara Vilaku Ulsavam at Thaliyil ayyapa temple [Kalampoor]

PoliticsEdit

Piravom assembly constituency is now a part of Kottayam (Lok Sabha constituency) after the delimitation of parliament seats in India. Previously it was part of erstwhile Muvattupuzha (Lok Sabha constituency). Jose K Mani is the Lok Sabha member from this Kottayam Constituency, in which Piravom is included. Anoop Jacob, son of former Minister T.M. Jacob is the MLA - of piravom and he is the Civil & Supplyco minister of Kerala government. U.D.F is ruling Piravom municipality and Sabu K Jacob from Congress(I) is the municipal chairman.

TransportationEdit

LocationEdit

Nearby towns and citiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Melpazhur Mana".
  2. ^ "Timesofindia Indiatimes".
  3. ^ "Melpazhur Mana".
  4. ^ "Adi Sankara Nilayam".

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit