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Piravom is a municipality situated in Ernakulam district in Kerala state, south India. It is 31 km South East of Ernakulam city & 40 km north of Kottayam town. Piravom is famous for historic Hindu temples and Syrian Christian churches. The town lies 20 km from the Taluka Headquarters Muvattupuzha. Piravom is located at the boundary between two districts, Ernakulam and Kottayam.

Piravom municipality
പിറവം നഗരസഭ
rural village
Piravom Bridge
Piravom Bridge
Piravom municipality is located in Kerala
Piravom municipality
Piravom municipality
Piravom municipality is located in India
Piravom municipality
Piravom municipality
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 9°51′0″N 76°30′0″E / 9.85000°N 76.50000°E / 9.85000; 76.50000Coordinates: 9°51′0″N 76°30′0″E / 9.85000°N 76.50000°E / 9.85000; 76.50000
Country  India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
City UA Kochi
Government
 • Body Piravom municipality
 • Chairman sabu k Jacob
Area
 • Total 29.36 km2 (11.34 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 27,229
 • Density 930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 686664
Telephone code 0485
Vehicle registration KL-79
Nearest city Kochi
Lok Sabha constituency Kottayam
Assembly constituency Piravom assembly constituency
Civic agency Piravom municipality
Piravom Valiyapally Cathedral declaration
Perumthrkkovil Pazhor
Shiva temple at Pazhoor

Pazhoor Padippura located in Piravom is referred in the Aithihyamala by Kottarathil Sankunni. Still people from all over the state and country visit the astrologers in Pazhoor Padippura. Piravom Valiya Pally which is one of the most ancient churches in Kerala stands on a hilltop on the eastern bank of the Muvattupuzha river at Piravom.


The state government and the GCDA have plans to include Angamaly , Perumbavoor , Piravom and Kolenchery in Ernakulam district; Mala and Kodungallur in Thrissur district; Thalayolaparambu and Vaikom in Kottayam ; and Cherthala in Alappuzha district within the Kochi metropolitan limits. The newly formed metropolis would be put under the charge of a new authority called Kochi Metropolitan Regional Development Authority

Piravom has a river-front, verdant hills, and paddy fields. The town is situated on the banks of the Muvattupuzha river. The Hindustan News Print Limited (HNL) is situated in Velloor, near Piravom. The panchayat had been a municipality for a brief period of about two years before it was reverted to a special grade panchayat in 1992. The Kerala government elevated Piravom panchayat into a municipality again in 2015.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Saint Caspar along with St. Melchior and St. Balthasar - From the pictorial encyclopedia Hortus Deliciarum by Herrad of Landsberg as reproduced by Christian Maurice Engelhardt
 
Piravom Valiyapally

There is a claim that one of the three Biblical Magi( represent the three wise men(saint Balthasar, saint Caspar, saint Melchior) ) went from Piravom. The name Piravom in the local Malayalam language translates to "birth". It is believed that the name originated from a reference to the Nativity of Jesus. There is a concentration of three churches named after the Biblical Magi in and around Piravom, as against only another three so named in the rest of India.

Saint Caspar(otherwise known as St. Casper, St. Gaspar, St. Kaspar, St. Jaspar and other variations) along with St. Melchior and St. Balthasar, represent the three wise men (Biblical Magi) mentioned in the Bible in the Gospel of Matthew, verses 2:1-9. Although the Bible does not specify who or what the Magi were, since the seventh century, the Magi have been identified in the Western Church as Caspar, Melchior and Balthasar. St. Caspar and the other two are considered Saints by the Catholic Church.

Some consider Caspar to be King Gondophares (AD 21 – c.AD 47) mentioned in the Acts of Thomas. Others consider him to have come from the southern parts of India where, according to tradition, Thomas the Apostle visited decades later. The town by name Piravom in Kerala State, Southern India has for long claimed that one of the three Biblical Magi went from there. The name Piravom in the local Malayalam language translates to "birth". It is believed that the name originated from a reference to the Nativity of Jesus. There is a concentration of three churches named after the Biblical Magi in and around Piravom, as against only another three so named in the rest of India.

Piravom was part of erstwhile Vadakkumkoor Kingdom until it was captured by Travancore kingdom, now merged into state of Kerala. The Northern Travancore consists of North Paravur, Aluva, Angamaly, Perumbavoor, Muvattupuzha, Koothattukulam, Kizhakkambalam, Kothamangalam in Ernakulam district..

The panchayat had been a municipality for a brief period of about two years before it was reverted to a panchayat in 1992 after skepticism that a municipality would attract higher tax rate and complexities of building rules. However, the municipal councils now have the authority to fix the tax rate while building rule provisions are already applicable to special grade Panchayats. The panchayat had passed a unanimous resolution for the elevation. In 2015, Kerala government elevated Piravom panchayat to a municipality along with several other towns in Kerala.

Educational OrganizationsEdit

  1. Fatima Matha Central School
  2. St. Joseph's Higher Secondary School
  3. Government Higher Secondary School Piravom
  4. Government Higher Secondary School Namakuzhy
  5. Toc H Public School
  6. Government Vocational School Maneed
  7. B.P.C. College (Aided), Piravom
  8. M. K. M.H.S.S. Piravom

Places of WorshipEdit

  1. Rajadhiraja St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Piravom
  2. Holy Kings Knanaya Catholic Forane Church, Piravom (Kochupally)
  3. Piravom St Gregorios Orthodox Church(Catholicate Centre)
  4. Pallikkavu Bhagavathi Temple
  5. Pazhoor Perumthrikkovil Temple of Lord Shiva, legend says it is renovated by Perumthachan
  6. Karavelloor Mahadeva Temple [108 sivalaya fame] kalampoor
  7. Desadhipan Amarkkulam Sreekrishna Swamy Temple [built by Pancha Paandavar]
  8. Mulakulam Mar Yohanon Ihidiyo Orthodox Syrian church(Mulakulam valiya palli)
  9. Parumala mar Gregorious Shrine, Palachuvadu
  10. Chalasseril Kalari Paradevatha Kshetram
  11. St.Mary's Syrian Jacobite Church, Kottarakkunnu
  12. St.Peter's and St.Paul's Orthodox Syrian Church (Parel Pally), Namakuzhy, Mulakulam North
  13. St. George Orthodox Syrian Church, Karmelkunnu, Mulakkulam
  14. Mannookkunnu St Marys Orthodox Cathedral.
  15. Anchupoojayum Vilakkum Mahotsavam at Desadhipan Amarkkulam Sreekrishnaswamy Temple
  16. Perumbadavum St George Orthodox church, Elanji Near Piravom.
  17. Uthram Vilaku Mahotsavam at Pisharukoil temple, Piravom (Kumbha Masam)
  18. ST ANDREWS CSI Church Palachuvadu,Piravom
  19. St Micheals church kolengai

FestivalsEdit

  1. Holy "Danaha perunnal" at Rajadhiraja St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Piravom (Piravom valiya pally perunnal)
  2. "Vishudha Rajakanmarude Thirunnal" at Piravom Kochu pally.
  3. Pazhoor Shivaraathri and thiruvaathira aarattu maholthsavam.
  4. Easter at Rajadhiraja St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Piravom (Piravom valiya pally)
  5. Thiruvathira Mahotsavam of Thiruveeshamkulam temple
  6. Pallikkavu 'meenabharani' festival
  7. Acharikovil meenabharani festival
  8. Athachamayam Festival
  9. Kalamboor Kaavu pana Maholsavam [kalampoor], thookkam
  10. Medam Rohini Mahotsavam, Sree Purushamangalam Temple, Kakkad
  11. Pazhoor pallippattu temple pana maholsavam
  12. Makara Vilaku Ulsavam at Thaliyil ayyapa temple [Kalampoor]

PoliticsEdit

Piravom assembly constituency is now a part of Kottayam (Lok Sabha constituency) after the delimitation of parliament seats in India. Previously it was part of erstwhile Muvattupuzha (Lok Sabha constituency). Jose K Mani is the Lok Sabha member from this Kottayam Constituency, in which Piravom is included. Anoop Jacob, son of former Minister T.M. Jacob is the MLA - of piravom and he is the Civil & Supplyco minister of Kerala government. U.D.F is ruling Piravom municipality and Sabu K Jacob from Congress(I) is the municipal chairman.

TransportationEdit

  • Nearest Railway station is Piravam Road railway station (velloor), which have stop for all passenger trains and most express trains (Bangalore, Island Express etc.). Nearest major railway station is at Ernakulam.
  • Nearest airport is at Nedumbaseri known as Cochin International Airport
  • Government transport (KSRTC) bus depot is located at Piravom
  • Private bus stand is located at the center of piravom. The buses provide ample connectivity to the Kochi city and the nearby towns.

LocationEdit

Nearby towns and citiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit