Piravom is a municipality in Ernakulam district and a suburb of Kochi in the state of Kerala, India. It is situated around 30 km South East of the Kochi city center and around 40 km north of Kottayam. Piravom is famous for historic Hindu temples and Syrian Christian churches. The town lies 20 km from Muvattupuzha. Piravom is located at the boundary between two districts, Ernakulam and Kottayam.
|• Body||Piravom municipality|
|• Chairman||sabu k Jacob|
|• Total||29.36 km2 (11.34 sq mi)|
|• Density||930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kottayam|
|Assembly constituency||Piravom assembly constituency|
|Civic agency||Piravom municipality|
Pazhoor Padippura located in Piravom is referred in the Aithihyamala by Kottarathil Sankunni. Piravom Valiya Pally which is one of the most ancient churches in Kerala stands on a hilltop on the eastern bank of the Muvattupuzha river at Piravom.
Piravom has a river-front, verdant hills, and paddy fields. The town is situated on the banks of the Muvattupuzha river. The Hindustan News Print Limited (HNL) is situated in Velloor, near Piravom. The panchayat had been a municipality for a brief period of about two years before it was reverted to a special grade panchayat in 1992. The Kerala government elevated Piravom panchayat into a municipality again in 2015.
The state government and the GCDA have plans to include Angamaly , Perumbavoor , Piravom and Kolenchery in Ernakulam district; Mala and Kodungallur in Thrissur district; Thalayolaparambu and Vaikom in Kottayam ; and Cherthala in Alappuzha district within the Kochi metropolitan limits. The newly formed metropolis would be put under the charge of a new authority called Kochi Metropolitan Regional Development Authority
There is a claim that one of the three Biblical Magi( represent the three wise men(saint Balthasar, saint Caspar, saint Melchior) ) went from Piravom. The name Piravom in the local Malayalam language translates to "birth". It is believed that the name originated from a reference to the Nativity of Jesus. There is a concentration of three churches named after the Biblical Magi in and around Piravom, as against only another three so named in the rest of India.
Saint Caspar(otherwise known as St. Casper, St. Gaspar, St. Kaspar, St. Jaspar and other variations) along with St. Melchior and St. Balthasar, represent the three wise men (Biblical Magi) mentioned in the Bible in the Gospel of Matthew, verses 2:1-9. Although the Bible does not specify who or what the Magi were, since the seventh century, the Magi have been identified in the Western Church as Caspar, Melchior and Balthasar. St. Caspar and the other two are considered Saints by the Catholic Church.
Some consider Caspar to be King Gondophares (AD 21 – c.AD 47) mentioned in the Acts of Thomas. Others consider him to have come from the southern parts of India where, according to tradition, Thomas the Apostle visited decades later. The town by name Piravom in Kerala State, Southern India has for long claimed that one of the three Biblical Magi went from there. The name Piravom in the local Malayalam language translates to "birth". It is believed that the name originated from a reference to the Nativity of Jesus. There is a concentration of three churches named after the Biblical Magi in and around Piravom, as against only another three so named in the rest of India.
Piravom was part of erstwhile Vadakkumkoor Kingdom until it was captured by Travancore kingdom, now merged into state of Kerala. The Northern Travancore consists of North Paravur, Aluva, Angamaly, Perumbavoor, Muvattupuzha, Koothattukulam, Kizhakkambalam, Kothamangalam in Ernakulam district..
The panchayat had been a municipality for a brief period of about two years before it was reverted to a panchayat in 1992 after skepticism that a municipality would attract higher tax rate and complexities of building rules. However, the municipal councils now have the authority to fix the tax rate while building rule provisions are already applicable to special grade Panchayats. The panchayat had passed a unanimous resolution for the elevation. In 2015, Kerala government elevated Piravom panchayat to a municipality along with several other towns in Kerala.
Places of WorshipEdit
- Rajadhiraja St. Mary's Orthodox Syrian Cathedral, Piravom
- Holy Kings Knanaya Catholic Forane Church, Piravom (Kochupally)
- Piravom St Gregorios Orthodox Church(Catholicate Centre)
- Pallikkavu Bhagavathi Temple
- Pazhoor Perumthrikkovil Temple of Lord Shiva, legend says it is renovated by Perumthachan
- Karavelloor Mahadeva Temple [108 sivalaya fame] kalampoor
- Desadhipan Amarkkulam Sreekrishna Swamy Temple [built by Pancha Paandavar]
- Mulakulam Mar Yohanon Ihidiyo Orthodox Syrian church(Mulakulam valiya palli)
- Parumala mar Gregorious Shrine, Palachuvadu
- Chalasseril Kalari Paradevatha Kshetram
- St.Mary's Syrian Jacobite Church, Kottarakkunnu
- St.Peter's and St.Paul's Orthodox Syrian Church (Parel Pally), Namakuzhy, Mulakulam North
- St. George Orthodox Syrian Church, Karmelkunnu, Mulakkulam
- Mannookkunnu St Marys Orthodox Cathedral.
- Onnakoor St Marys Orthodox Valiyapally
- Anchupoojayum Vilakkum Mahotsavam at Desadhipan Amarkkulam Sreekrishnaswamy Temple
- Perumbadavum St George Orthodox church, Elanji Near Piravom.
- Uthram Vilaku Mahotsavam at Pisharukoil temple, Piravom (Kumbha Masam)
- ST ANDREWS CSI Church Palachuvadu,Piravom
- St Micheals church kolengai
- Holy "Danaha perunnal" at Rajadhiraja St. Mary's orthodox Syrian Cathedral, Piravom (Piravom valiya pally perunnal)
- "Vishudha Rajakanmarude Thirunnal" at Piravom Kochu pally.
- Pazhoor Shivaraathri and thiruvaathira aarattu maholthsavam.
- Easter at Rajadhiraja St. Mary's orthodox Syrian Cathedral, Piravom (Piravom valiya pally)
- Thiruvathira Mahotsavam of Thiruveeshamkulam temple
- Pallikkavu 'meenabharani' festival
- Acharikovil meenabharani festival
- Athachamayam Festival
- Kalamboor Kaavu pana Maholsavam [kalampoor], thookkam
- Medam Rohini Mahotsavam, Sree Purushamangalam Temple, Kakkad
- Pazhoor pallippattu temple pana maholsavam
- Makara Vilaku Ulsavam at Thaliyil ayyapa temple [Kalampoor]
Piravom assembly constituency is now a part of Kottayam (Lok Sabha constituency) after the delimitation of parliament seats in India. Previously it was part of erstwhile Muvattupuzha (Lok Sabha constituency). Jose K Mani is the Lok Sabha member from this Kottayam Constituency, in which Piravom is included. Anoop Jacob, son of former Minister T.M. Jacob is the MLA - of piravom and he is the Civil & Supplyco minister of Kerala government. U.D.F is ruling Piravom municipality and Sabu K Jacob from Congress(I) is the municipal chairman.
- Nearest Railway station is Piravam Road railway station (velloor), which have stop for all passenger trains and most express trains (Bangalore, Island Express etc.). Nearest major railway station is at Ernakulam.
- Nearest airport is at Nedumbaseri known as Cochin International Airport
- Government transport (KSRTC) bus depot is located at Piravom
- Private bus stand is located at the center of piravom. The buses provide ample connectivity to the Kochi city and the nearby towns.
Nearby towns and citiesEdit
- Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies
- "Local Administration - Ernakulam District". NIC Ernakulam (Govt. of India). Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- REPORT OF THE PANCHAYAT FINANCE COMMISSION 1985