Pioneer (Estonian magazine)

Pioneer was an Estonian youth magazine, the mouthpiece of the Pioneer Organization of the Estonian SSR [et], published between 1940 and 1989.[1][2] The magazine was published by the Estonian Communist Party Central Committee Publishing House [et] in Tallinn.

EditorRalf Parve (1940–1941)
Enn Kippel (1941)
Ralf Parve (1947–1948)
Ants Sild
FrequencySemimonthly (1940–1941)
Monthly (1945–1989)
First issueOctober 1940
Final issueDecember 1989
Based inTallinn, Estonian SSR, USSR

The magazine started appearing twice a month in October 1940, with issue no. 1 on October 11, 1940. From 1945 to 1989, it was published once a month. Issues 1 and 2 in 1941 appeared in two printings, and Pioneer was not published from 1942 to 1944. The last issue of Pioneer was published in December 1989. In 1990, the magazine was renamed Põhjanael (Polaris),[1][3] and in 1995 it was changed to Põhjatäht (North Star).[1][4]

From 1946 to 1971, the supplement Abiks noortele tehnikutele, naturalistidele, sportlastele, isetegevuslastele jt. (Help for Young Technicians, Naturalists, Athletes, Self-Employed People, and Others) was published with the magazine (from 1949 to 1956 between individual issues, and from 1957 to 1971 together with issues 1–12).[1] In 1989, the special issue Eetser = Estonian Scouting Movement was published,[1] as well as the new year's special issue Põhjatäht.

The publishers of Pioneer were:

In 1940, the editor-in-chief of the magazine was Enn Vallak and the managing editor was Ralf Parve. In April 1941, Enn Kippel became the editor.[5] The cover illustrations were created by Alo Hoidre (nos. 2–4),[6] Paul Reeveer [et] (no. 6), and H. Ruus (no. 5).

In 1940, the printing house was the nationalized Tallinn Estonian Publishing Company [et] for nos. 1–5, and the renamed Kommunist printing house for no. 6.


  1. ^ a b c d e "Pioneer: lasteajakiri". E-kataloog ESTER. Retrieved February 10, 2024.
  2. ^ "Children's Literature: History". Estonian Children’s Literature Centre. Tallinn: Eesti Lastekirjanduse Keskus. Retrieved February 10, 2024.
  3. ^ Viive, Leht (February 3, 1990). "Tallinna oma lastekaitse liit". Õpetajate Leht. No. 5. p. 1. Retrieved February 10, 2024.
  4. ^ "Järelehüüe «Põhjanaelale», Vea vari, Platoni koobas kunstihoone pööningul, Mälestused akna taga". Postimees. December 12, 1995. Retrieved February 10, 2024.
  5. ^ "Enn Kippelit meenutades". Sirp ja Vasar. No. 7. February 13, 1981. p. 7. Retrieved February 10, 2024.
  6. ^ "Ilmus 'Pioneer' nr. 3". Nõukogude Õpetaja. No. 4. November 15, 1940. p. 6. Retrieved February 11, 2024.