Pingquan (Chinese: 平泉; pinyin: Píngquán) is a county-level city of northeastern Hebei province, China, bordering Liaoning province to the east. It has a population of 470,000[when?] residing in an area of 3,297 km2 (1,273 sq mi). It is a centre of trade and business, and gold and silver are mined nearby.
Pingquan in Chengde
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|County seat||Pingquan (平泉镇)|
|• County-level city||3,295.5 km2 (1,272.4 sq mi)|
|• Urban||26.00 km2 (10.04 sq mi)|
|Elevation||508 m (1,667 ft)|
|• County-level city||487,000|
|• Density||150/km2 (380/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Pingguan was formerly called Bakou (Pakow). It absorbed Chinese colonies in the neighboring Mongol land: a large portion of the Kharachin Right Wing Banner and a large part of the Kharachin Middle Banner. Both banners belonged to the Josutu League. During the Jindandao Incident of 1891, Pingquan was assaulted by Chinese religious sects. Catholic church were burnt and Chinese converts were massacred.
There are 10 towns, 4 townships, and 5 ethnic townships under the county's administration.
Institutions of higher education include:
Major local companies include:
- Pingquan Edible Fungus Company
- Pingquan Seeds Co., Ltd
- Pingquan Lihua Cement Co., Ltd
- Hebei Pingquan Changcheng Chemical Co., Ltd (the largest hydrogen fluoride manufacturer in North China)
- Pingquan Yadong The Plastics Co., Ltd
- Pingquan Grain & Oil Group Co., Ltd
- Chengde Jibei Yanshan Activated Carbon Co., Ltd
- Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 46. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- "Pingquan". The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. New York: Columbia University Press. April 2001. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- Yamazaki Sōyo 山崎惣與, Manshū-koku chimei daijiten 滿洲國地名大辭典, p.556,758, 1941.
- Richard Shek, The Revolt of the Zaili, Jindan Sect in Rehe (Jehol), 1891, Modern China, Vol. 6, pp. 161-196, 1980. online edition
- 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码：阜平县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
- China Internet Information Center. "Hebei". china.org.cn. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- MA Jianxu; LI Mingdong; MA Peisun; LIU Xiang; MA Jianhua (2000). "Microbionic and peristaltic robots in a pipe". Chinese Science Bulletin. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- Chengde Commission of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation. "Export Products". Investment Network. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- "Business Inviting Projects of Pingquan County". heagri.goc.cn. 2004. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- "Pingquan Lihua Cement Co Ltd". Wanfang Data. Retrieved 2007-03-27.[permanent dead link]
- "Hebei Pingquan Changcheng Chemical Co.,Ltd". 2004. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- "Chengde Jibei Yanshan Activated Carbon Co., Ltd". huoxingtan.info. 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-29.