Pinellia ternata (Chinese: 半夏, Japanese: カラスビシャク), crow-dipper, is a plant native to China, Japan, and Korea, but also grows as an invasive weed in parts of Europe (Austria, Germany) and North America (California, Ontario, northeastern United States).[1][2] The leaves are trifoliate, while the flowers are of the spathe and spadix form typical of plants in Araceae.[3]

Crow-dipper
Puanh ghrah.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Araceae
Genus: Pinellia
Species:
P. ternata
Binomial name
Pinellia ternata

CharacteristicsEdit

The plant spreads by rhizomes, and there are also small bulblets (also known as bulbils) at the base of each leaf. Flowers are borne in spring.[4]

Traditional medicineEdit

This plant is toxic in raw form and must be processed.[citation needed] Pinellia ternata is known as the herb effective in removing dampness-phlegm, one of the causes of obesity in traditional Chinese medicine.[citation needed] One study found that high doses of Pinellia extract effects thermogenesis and fatty acid oxidation in Zucker rats.[4]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution map
  3. ^ Flora of China Vol. 23 Page 42, 半夏 ban xia, Pinellia ternata (Thunberg) Tenore ex Breitenbach, Bot. Zeitung. 37: 687. 1879.
  4. ^ a b Kim, YJ; Shin, YO; Ha, YW; Lee, S; Oh, JK; Kim, YS (2006). "Anti-obesity effect of Pinellia ternata extract in Zucker rats". Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 29 (6): 1278–81. doi:10.1248/bpb.29.1278. PMID 16755034.

External linksEdit