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Pilar, officially the Municipality of Pilar, is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 9,752 people.[3]

Municipality of Pilar
Cottage at Magpupungko - panoramio.jpg
Official seal of Pilar
Map of Surigao del Norte with Pilar highlighted
Map of Surigao del Norte with Pilar highlighted
Pilar is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°52′N 126°06′E / 9.87°N 126.1°E / 9.87; 126.1Coordinates: 9°52′N 126°06′E / 9.87°N 126.1°E / 9.87; 126.1
Country Philippines
RegionCaraga (Region XIII)
ProvinceSurigao del Norte
District1st District
Barangay15 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorMaria Liza Gerona Resurreccion
 • Electorate7,476 voters (2016)
 • Total77.11 km2 (29.77 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total9,752
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)86
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Income class5th municipal income class
Revenue (₱)49.1 million  (2016)
Native languagesSurigaonon
Agusan language

It is located on Siargao Island, bounded by the Municipality of San Isidro to the north, Municipality of Del Carmen to the west, Municipality of Dapa to South and Philippine Sea to the east. It used to be a barrio of Dapa until its creation as a separate municipality on October 31, 1953 by virtue of Executive Order No. 638 issued by then President Elpidio Quirino.[4] Pilar has a natural harbor through a small inlet called Port Pilar.


Pilar is politically subdivided into 15 barangays, listed here with 2010 populations.

Town Proper Barangays (Poblacion)

  • Asinan - 937
  • Centro - 343
  • Pilaring - 851
  • Punta - 381

Outlying Barangays

  • Caridad - 1,456
  • Consolacion - 200
  • Datu - 570
  • Dayaohay - 350
  • Jaboy - 265
  • Katipunan - 547
  • Maasin - 1,001
  • Mabini - 286
  • Mabuhay - 455
  • Salvacion - 772
  • San Roque - 1,042


YearPop.±% p.a.
1960 5,227—    
1970 6,291+1.87%
1975 7,504+3.60%
1980 8,646+2.87%
1990 7,873−0.93%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1995 8,299+0.99%
2000 8,401+0.26%
2007 8,023−0.63%
2010 9,456+6.16%
2015 9,752+0.59%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]


Almost all inhabitant are Christians and majority follows Roman Catholicism. Pilar is a parish under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Surigao. The town got its name from its patron saint, Our Lady of the Pillar.


Surigaonon is the local language. Cebuano, Filipino and English are also understood.


The town's economy is largely based on fishing and agriculture. Major agricultural produce are rice and coconut (copra).


Various homestay facilities are available in town for tourists.

Magpupungko Lagoons and Rock FormationsEdit

Magpupungko Rock Formations

Magpupungko is the most popular tourist destination in Pilar. It is famous for its lagoons which can only be seen during low tide. It also features picturesque limestone rock formations.

Other Beaches and Rock FormationsEdit

Other areas that can be explored by tourists are Taglungnan Beach and Tagbayanga Islets, which are across town proper and can be reach in 15–20 minutes by boat ride. Other beaches are Lukod Beach and Caridad Beach.


Pilar is also one of the surfing spots in Siargao and is less crowded. It is one and a half hour boat ride from General Luna, where the more popular surfing spot Cloud 9 is located. It holds many good lefts and is best surfed during NE swells. There are good breaks in front and near the town proper and in Barangay Caridad.[8]

Game FishingEdit

Pilar is popular to game fishing enthusiasts. The town hosts an annual invitational sport fishing event dubbed as Siargao International Game Fishing Tournament.[9]

Mangrove ForestEdit

Pilar has an extensive mangrove forest reserve.

Philippine Freshwater CrocodileEdit

Thirty-six Philippine freshwater crocodile (Crocodylus mindorensis) were released in Paghongawan Marsh (misspelled by media as Paghowangan) in BarangayJaboy last March 2013 as part of conservation effort to bolster the population of this endangered reptile. The released crocodiles are all yearlings and were bred in captivity. The marsh extends 300 acres (120 hectares) in the dry season and more than 1,500 acres (600 hectares) in the wet season. These crocodiles are not endemic to Siargao and are smaller compared to saltwater crocodiles which can be found in the western side of Siargao, in the mangrove forest of Del Carmen town.[10]



Pilar is connected to Surigao City through the Port of Dapa. Jeepneys ply between Pilar and Dapa daily. It is connected to Cebu City and Metro Manila through Sayak Airport in the adjacent Municipality of Del Carmen. Habal-habal (motorcycle) can also be rented to service transportation needs.


Pilar has a district hospital but now mostly serve lying-in and maternity services. There is also a rural health center in the town proper.


Globe Telecom and Smart Communications operate transmission towers in the town proper.


Pilar is served by 2 high schools, Pilar National High School in the town proper and Pilar National High School - Caridad Annex in its biggest barangay, Caridad. There are also 12 elementary schools led by Pilar Central Elementary School.


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Surigao del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Pilar Historical Background". Archived from the original on May 20, 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Caraga". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Surigao del Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Pilar Siargao Surfing". Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  9. ^ "PGMA opens 1st Siargao International Game Fishing". Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  10. ^ "Philippine Freshwater Crocodile Introduction in Siargao". Retrieved April 11, 2014.

External linksEdit