Pierre Jeanneret (22 March 1896 – 4 December 1967) was a Swiss architect who collaborated with his cousin, Charles Edouard Jeanneret (who assumed the pseudonym Le Corbusier), for about twenty years.

Pierre Jeanneret
File photo of Pierre Jeanneret at Le Corbusier Centre Chandigarh 03.jpg
Born(1896-03-22)22 March 1896
Geneva, Switzerland
Died4 December 1967(1967-12-04) (aged 71)
OccupationArchitect
BuildingsGandhi Bhawan, Chandigarh
ProjectsChandigarh's huge civic architecture project

Early lifeEdit

Arnold Andre Pierre Jeanneret-Gris was born in Geneva. He grew up in the typical Jura landscape that influenced his early childhood and his Geneva Calvinism roots. He attended the School of Fine Arts (Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Geneva).[1] As a young student, he was a brilliant painter, artist and architect, greatly influenced by Charles Edouard Jeanneret (Le Corbusier), his cousin and mentor for life. He was a cyclist in the Swiss Army from 1916 to 1918.

CareerEdit

In 1922, the Jeanneret cousins set up an architectural practice together. From 1927 to 1937 they worked together with Charlotte Perriand at the Le Corbusier-Pierre Jeanneret studio, rue de Sèvres.[2] In 1929 the trio prepared  the “House fittings” section for the Decorative Artists Exhibition and asked for a group stand, renewing and widening the 1928 avant-garde group idea. This was refused by the Decorative Artists Committee. They resigned and founded the Union of Modern Artists (“Union des artistes modernes”: UAM).[3]

The cousins later designed many buildings, including a number of villas and vacation houses,[4] and renovated existing buildings as well.[5]

Their working relationship ended when Pierre joined the French Resistance and Le Corbusier did not. However, they collaborated once again after the War, on the plan and architecture for the city of Chandigarh in India.

 
Pierre Jeanneret in conversation with Le Corbusier at the Architect's Office (now Le Corbusier Centre) in Chandigarh

ChandigarhEdit

 
Gandhi Bhawan
 
Pierre Jeanneret House/Museum in Chandigarh

Jeanneret, in collaboration with the English husband-wife team of Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew, was responsible for much of Chandigarh's large civic architecture project. His most remarkable contribution has undoubtedly been the designing of the fourteen categories of mass-housings that constitute the living and amenity areas of Chandigarh. Jeanneret, along with Ar. Jugal Kishore Chowdhary, Ar. Bhanu Pratap Mathur and Er. Agya Ram, was responsible for a significant amount of designing for the Panjab University, including the Gandhi Bhawan and the University Library.

Jeanneret stayed on in Chandigarh after its construction, advising the local government in his appointed capacity as Chief Architect of the city. In order to commemorate his legacy, the Chandigarh Administration has restored his residence, House No. 57, Sector 5 (Type 4J), and converted it into a Museum dedicated to his contributions to the city, on his 121st Birth Anniversary i.e. March 22, 2017.[6]

There were 8 linear meters of manuscripts, documents, photographs, drawings and letters between Jeanneret and Le Corbusier, which were collected over fifteen years during the Chandigarh project. They contain great detail of Jeanneret's responsibilities in the construction of the city. They were left to Jeanneret's niece: Jacquelin Jeanneret upon his death in 1967. They are now preserved at Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA).[7]

Equally significant was his role as a mentor to young Indian architects like Aditya Prakash, Jeet Malhotra, Shiv Datt Sharma, and JK Chowdhary.[8]

Some of his major works in Chandigarh include the M.L.A. Hostels in Sector 3 and 4, Polytechnic for Men (now CCET) in Sector 26, the State Library, Town Hall and the Post & Telegraph Building in Sector 17, the Architects' Office (now Le Corbusier Centre) in Sector 19, the P.G.I.M.E.R. in Sector 12 (in collaboration with Jeet Malhotra, Aditya Prakash and H.S.Chopra), Government Model Senior Secondary School, Sector-16, St. John's High School, Sector 26 and the Shops on V4 in Sector 11.[9]

FurnitureEdit

As well as buildings, Jeanneret also designed furniture, both independently and with Le Corbusier.[10][11] He experimented with minimalist design, including a chair which required no fasteners.

DeathEdit

On his death, 4 December 1967, in accordance with his will, Jeanneret's ashes were scattered in Chandigarh's Sukhna Lake.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ "Suiss Historical Enceclopedia". Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  2. ^ Office du patrimoine et des sites (2016). Le Corbusier & Pierre Jeanneret - Restoration of the Clarté Building, Geneva. Geneva: Birkhäuser. p. 27. ISBN 3035607591.
  3. ^ Herbst, René (1956). Union des Artistes Modernes, Paris. 25 années UAM,1930 - 1955. Paris: Editons du salon des Arts Ménagers.
  4. ^ Richard A. Etlin (1994). Frank Lloyd Wright and Le Corbusier: The Romantic Legacy. Manchester University Press. pp. 7–. ISBN 978-0-7190-4061-0.
  5. ^ Jacques Sbriglio (1 January 1996). Apartment Block 24 N. C. and LeCorbusier's Home. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 98–. ISBN 978-3-7643-5432-9.
  6. ^ "Badnore opens Pierre Jeanneret museum". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Pierre Jeanneret">"Pierre Jeanneret - Chandigarh". Rhoko.com.
  8. ^ Scriver, Peter; Srivastava, Amit (15 February 2015). India: Modern Architectures in History. Reaktion Books. ISBN 9781780234687.
  9. ^ Joshi, Kiran (1999). Documenting Chandigarh: the Indian Architecture of Pierre Jeanneret, Edwin Maxwell Fry, Jane Beverly Drew (Vol. 1). Ahmedabad: Mapin Publishing.
  10. ^ Sarbjit Bahga; Surinder Bahga (2000). Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret: Footprints in the Sand of Indian Architecture. Galgotia. p. 35. ISBN 978-81-85989-45-7.
  11. ^ Volker Fischer (1999). The LC4 Chaise Longue by Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret and Charlotte Perriand. Verlag form.
Sources

External linksEdit