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Artemisia spinescens

  (Redirected from Picrothamnus)

Artemisia spinescens is a North American species of sagebrush in the sunflower family, known by the common name budsage.[3]

Artemisia spinescens
Artemisiaspinescens.jpg
Arches National Park, Utah
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Artemisia
Species:
A. spinescens
Binomial name
Artemisia spinescens
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Picrothamnus desertorum Nutt. 1841 not Artemisia desertorum Spreng. 1826

Many sources treat the species separately from genus Artemisia and named Picrothamnus desertorum.[4][1][3] This separation has not, however, been supported by genetic analysis.[5]

Contents

DistributionEdit

Artemisia spinescens is native to the western United States from southern + eastern California and the Great Basin, north to Idaho and Montana, and east to western Colorado and northwestern New Mexico.[6]

Artemisia spinescens grows in scrub and other habitat on clay and gravel-rich soils. It thrives on salty soils, growing with other salt-tolerant plants such as saltbushes ('Atriplex sp.).[7] It is adapted to very dry climates.[3]

DescriptionEdit

Artemisia spinescens is a squat shrub forming a rounded bush up to 30 to 50 centimeters in maximum height. Its tangled branches are woolly when new and thorny and rough when aged. The stem is woody and corky.[3]

The strongly aromatic foliage is made up of many small, fuzzy leaves divided into narrow, pointed segments. It is deciduous, dropping its leaves during the dry summer when it becomes dormant.[3]

The inflorescence is a raceme of small clusters of flower heads sprouting from leaf axils. Each head contains several tiny bell-shaped sterile disc florets and a few fertile ray florets.[3]

The fruit is a tiny hairy achene less than a millimeter long.[3]

UsesEdit

This plant is considered good forage for wild and domestic grazing animals early in the season when the foliage is new and soft.[5] Later in the season when the plant produces large quantities of bitter volatile oils it becomes unpalatable.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b The Plant List Picrothamnus desertorum Nutt.
  2. ^ Tropicos, Artemisia spinescens D.C. Eaton
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Flora of North America, Budsage, Picrothamnus Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. 7: 417. 1841.
  4. ^ "Picrothamnus desertorum". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  5. ^ a b Forest Service Info Sheet
  6. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 distribution map, Picrothamnus desertorum
  7. ^ a b Forest Service Fire Ecology Archived October 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit