Phyllostachys nigra

Phyllostachys nigra, commonly known as black bamboo,[2] is a species of bamboo, native to Hunan Province of China, and is widely cultivated elsewhere.[3]

Phyllostachys nigra
Bambouseraie de Prafrance 20100904 009.jpg
Black bamboo in Bambouseraie de Prafrance at Générargues, Gard, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Phyllostachys
Species:
P. nigra
Binomial name
Phyllostachys nigra
Synonyms[1]
  • Arundinaria stolonifera Kurz
  • Bambos kurotake Siebold nom. inval.
  • Bambusa boryana Bean nom. inval.
  • Bambusa dichotoma Donn nom. inval.
  • Bambusa nigra Lodd. ex Lindl.
  • Bambusa nigricans Steud. nom. inval.
  • Bambusa nigropunctata Bean nom. inval.
  • Phyllostachys boryana Mitford
  • Phyllostachys filifera McClure
  • Phyllostachys fulva Mitford
  • Phyllostachys nana Rendle
  • Phyllostachys nigripes Hayata
  • Phyllostachys nigropunctata Mitford
  • Phyllostachys punctata (Bean) A.H.Lawson
  • Phyllostachys stolonifera Kurz ex Munro nom. inval.
  • Sinarundinaria nigra A.H.Lawson nom. inval.
  • Sinoarundinaria nigra (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Ohwi ex Mayeb.

Growing up to 25 m (82 ft) tall by 30 cm (1 ft) broad, it forms clumps of slender arching canes which turn black after two or three seasons. The abundant lance-shaped leaves are 4–13 cm (2–5 in) long.

Numerous forms and cultivars are available for garden use. The species [4] and the form P. nigra f. henonis[5] have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[6] The form henonis is also known as Henon bamboo[5] and as cultivar 'Henon'.[7]

UsesEdit

It is used for lumber (timber), food, and musical instruments, among other things, in areas of China where it is native and also worldwide.

PhytochemistryEdit

A 2008 study from Zhejiang University, in China, isolated several flavone C-glycosides on black bamboo leaves, including orientin, homoorientin, vitexin and isovitexin.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Phyllostachys nigra". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 27 February 2015.
  3. ^ Zheng-ping Wang and Chris Stapleton. "Phyllostachys nigra (Loddiges ex Lindley) Munro". Flora of China Online. 22.
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Phyllostachys nigra". Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  5. ^ a b "RHS Plant Selector - Phyllostachys nigra f. henonis". Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  6. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 78. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Bamboo Species Source List". American Bamboo Society. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  8. ^ Isolation and purification of four flavone C-glycosides from antioxidant of bamboo leaves by macroporous resin column chromatography and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography. Yu Zhang, Jingjing Jiao, Chengmei Liu, Xiaoqin Wu and Ying Zhang, Food Chemistry, 1 April 2008,, Volume 107, Issue 3, Pages 1326–1336, doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.09.037

External linksEdit