The ensemble formed in 1958 as the Bach and Madrigal Society. After years as an amateur ensemble, the group went fully professional (meaning all the singers are compensated) in 1990 and changed its name to the Phoenix Bach Choir under Swedish conductor Anders Öhrwall. From 1992 until 1998, their conductor was Jon Washburn and in 1999, Charles Bruffy took over as conductor and Artistic Director.
In 2004, they signed a recording contract with Chandos Records. Their 2007 recording of works by Alexander Gretchaninov, made in collaboration with the Kansas City Chorale, was nominated for four Grammy Awards: Best Classical Album, Best Choral Performance, Best Surround Sound Album, and Best Engineered Classical Album--and won in the Engineering category. The group's collaborative recording with the Kansas City Chorale of works by Josef Rheinberger was nominated for two Grammy Awards: Best Choral Performance and Best Surround Sound Album.
In August 2008, the name of the ensemble was changed from the Phoenix Bach Choir to the Phoenix Chorale, and shortly thereafter, the group released a SACD on Chandos Records titled Spotless Rose: Hymns to the Virgin Mary, which received nominations for two Grammy Awards: Best Classical Album and Best Small Ensemble Performance. At the Grammy pre-telecast awards ceremony on February 8, 2009, the Grammy for Best Small Ensemble Performance was awarded to the chorale and its conductor, Charles Bruffy.
Their most recent collaborative recording with the Kansas City Chorale, Rachmaninoff's All-Night Vigil, was nominated for Grammy Awards for Best Choral Performance and Best Engineered Album, Classical and won the Grammy for Best Choral Performance. 
In October of 2017, Bruffy concluded his 18-year tenure with the group and in May 2019, after a nearly two-year search, Christopher Gabbitas, a former member of The King's Singers, was announced as the next Artistic Director of the Chorale.
- A Southwest Christmas (Soundset Recordings, 1997)
- Shakespeare in Song (Chandos Records, 2004)
- A Spotless Rose (Chandos Records, 2008)
- Northern Lights: Choral Works by Ola Gjeilo (Chandos Records, 2012)
Phoenix Chorale and Kansas City Chorale
- Phoenix Bach Choir Nominated for Five Grammys. Arizona Republic, December 6, 2007. Accessed February 12, 2008.
- Five Grammy nominations for Phoenix Bach Choir. KBAQ, Accessed August 24, 2008.
- The 51st Annual GRAMMY Awards Winners List Archived 2010-07-27 at the Wayback Machine. The Recording Academy, Accessed February 11, 2009.
- Complete list of 51st Grammy Award winners. Associated Press, Accessed February 11, 2009.
- 58th Annual GRAMMY Awards Nominees. The Recording Academy, Accessed December 28, 2015.
- 2016 Grammy Awards: Complete List of Nominations. E! Online News, Accessed December 28, 2015.
- . BroadwayWorld.com, Accessed February 29, 2016.
- Charles Bruffy takes final bow with Phoenix Chorale after 18 years (and a couple Grammys). azcentral, Accessed May 6, 2019.
- Phoenix Chorale Announces Selection of New Artistic Director. Downtown Phoenix Journal, Accessed May 6, 2019.