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Hieromartyr Phocas was born in the city of Sinope. During his adult years he became Bishop of Sinope. At the time of a persecution against Christians under the emperor Trajan (98–117), the governor demanded that the saint renounce Christ. After fierce torture they enclosed St Phocas in a hot bath, where he died a martyr’s death in the year 117.[2]

Saint Phocas
Phocas of Sinope.jpg
Saint Phocas of Sinope, traditionally shown with a book and a paddle.
Martyr and Bishop of Sinope
Died102
Sinope
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church
Feast22 September[1][2]
PatronageAgainst fires, and help of those drowning.[2]

A homily in his honour was composed by Saint John Chrysostom on the occasion of the translation of his relics to Constantinople. The translation of his holy relics from Pontus to Constantinople about the year 404 A.D. is celebrated on July 23. His primary feast is on September 22, and he is called a wonderworker.[1][2][3]

The Hieromartyr Phocas is especially venerated as a defender against fires, and also as a helper of the drowning.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Great Synaxaristes: ‹See Tfd›(in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Φωκᾶς ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας ὁ Θαυματουργὸς. 22 Σεπτεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. ^ a b c d e Hieromartyr Phocas the Bishop of Sinope. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  3. ^ Saint Phocas of Sinope. Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and south East Asia - Ecumenical Patriarchate Orthodox. July 23, 2012.