Phiona Mutesi (born c. 1996) is a Ugandan chess player. She has represented Uganda at four Women's Chess Olympiads, and is one of the first titled female players in Ugandan chess history. Mutesi is the subject of a 2012 book and a 2016 film called Queen of Katwe.
Mutesi at the Women in the World Conference 2013
|Born||1996 (age 23–24)|
|Title||Woman Candidate Master (2012)|
Mutesi was born and grew up in the neighbourhood of Katwe, the largest of Kampala's eight slums. When she was roughly three years old, her father died of AIDS. Her older sister, Julia, subsequently died of unknown causes. At age nine, Mutesi dropped out of school because her family could no longer afford to send her.
Mutesi sold maize in a street market. One day she followed her brother and discovered a project run by Sports Outreach Institute, a Christian sports led mission. In this after-school program run by Robert Katende, Mutesi began playing chess.
During a trip to the US, Mutesi visited Northwest University in Kirkland, Washington. She was offered a scholarship and began attending Northwest University in 2017. She plans to major in sociology. After college, Mutesi said she wants to "come back home and serve my community," and work with children who live in the slums of Uganda.
In 2010, Mutesi played six rounds on board two and one round on board one for Uganda at the women's event of the 39th Chess Olympiad, held in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia. She scored one-and-a-half points from the seven games she played. At this event, she attracted the attention of journalist Tim Crothers, who wrote a substantial piece on her for ESPN The Magazine.
Commenting on one of her games from the 2010 Olympiad, British chess journalist John Saunders wrote that "Phiona's present playing standard is that of a modest but competent club player but, placed in the context of her environmental and educational deprivation, her achievement in reaching such a level has been awe-inspiring."
As of 2012, she was a three-time winner of the Women's Junior Chess Championship of Uganda.
In 2012, Mutesi and Ivy Amoko were awarded the title of Woman Candidate Master after scoring the required 50% from nine games at the 40th Chess Olympiad in Istanbul, Turkey. This made them the first titled female players in Ugandan chess history. The same year she became the first female player to win the open category of the National Junior Chess Championship in Uganda.
In 2013, she again played in the National Junior Chess Championship in Uganda and reached the finals against Lutaaya Shafiq of Makerere University. She won the under-20 girls category but not the open category.
She joined Northwest University's chess team in competing at the Pan American Intercollegiate Team Chess Championship, held in Columbus, Ohio, in December 2017. The team won the title of "Top Small College" for Northwest University, taking it from the title holders of four consecutive years, Oberlin College. Mutesi won three matches and drew one, playing on Board 2.
In 2010, Silent Images made a short documentary film about her. Sports Outreach used this documentary to interest The Walt Disney Company in making a film about Mutesi's story, which came out in 2016.
Walt Disney Pictures optioned the rights to the book and began work on the film in 2012. That 2016 film, Queen of Katwe, stars Lupita Nyong'o and David Oyelowo. Mutesi is portrayed by Madina Nalwanga. Mutesi attended premieres of the film in Toronto, Canada (10 September), Hollywood, California (20 September), and Kampala, Uganda (1 October). The royalties from the book and movie have provided Mutesi and her family much more financial security than they have ever enjoyed. Mutesi said, "I think the film was a 90 per cent portrayal of me, although I did not want some scenes of dancing because I don't like dancing."
- Tim Crothers (28 August 2016). "Chess queen of Africa". The Guardian.
- Reeves Wiedeman (7 January 2013). "The Talk of the Town: Up Life's Ladder: Prodigy". The New Yorker. 88 (42): 20–21.
- "Sports Outreach - Restoring Hope. Transforming Lives". Sports Outreach. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
- Tim Crothers (4 January 2011). "Game of her life". ESPN.
- "'Queen of Katwe' receives help for costs to attend Northwest University in Kirkland". Q13 FOX. 14 October 2017.
- Shapiro, Nina (2 October 2017). "A movie was made about this chess champ. Now Uganda's 'Queen of Katwe' is lifting Northwest University". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- Musinguzi, Bamuturaki (20 January 2018). "Queen of Katwe wins chess title for university". The EastAfrican.
- O'Neill, Eilís (11 January 2019). "After Achieving Chess Fame, 'Queen of Katwe' Takes New Path". WBUR-FM. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
- Herzog, Heinz (9 October 2010). "39th Olympiad Khanty-Mansiysk 2010 Women tournament". Tournament Database. Chess-Tournament-Results-Server. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- Xan Rice, Ugandan girl, Phiona Mutesi leads chess revolution from the slums, The Guardian, 18 February 2011
- "Phiona Mutesi To Speak at Philly All-Girls Chess Workshop". United States Chess Federation. 29 November 2012.
- Corry, Phillip (9 September 2012). "Uganda gets first titled lady players". Kawowo Sports News.
- Corry, Phillip (10 September 2012). "Wanyama becomes Uganda's sixth FIDE Master at World Chess OIympiad". Kawowo Sports News. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012.
- Odongo, Jacinta (11 September 2012). "Mutesi, Amoko set to become Candidate Masters". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
- Stephen Kisuze. "Mutesi Wins 2012 National Junior Chess Championship". fide.com.
- Corry, Phillip (2013). "Martin Musiime wins City Tyres National Junior Chess Championship". Kawowo Sports.
- Phillip Corry. "Uganda beats Puerto Rico at World Chess Olympiad". kawowo.com. Archived from the original on 14 August 2014.
- McGourty, Colin (1 September 2016). "42nd Chess Olympiad opens in Baku". chess24.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
- Shahade, Jennifer (5 January 2018). "Webster University Wins Pan-Ams". US Chess.org.
- Minchin, Marty (24 October 2016). "'Queen of Katwe' based on 2010 film shot by Matthews nonprofit". The Charlotte Observer.
- Josh Levs, CNN (10 December 2012). "From slum life to Disney film: Ugandan teen chess star 'the ultimate underdog'". CNN.
- Tim Crothers (6 September 2016). The Queen of Katwe: One Girl's Triumphant Path to Becoming a Chess Champion. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-5011-2718-2.
- "Phiona Mutesi". tribute.ca. Tribute Entertainment Media Group. 10 September 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- Hattem, Julian (6 October 2016). "Uganda's 'Queen of Katwe' got her start at this slum chess school". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- O'Hagan, Michael (1 October 2016). "Ugandan premiere of girl's slum-to-chess-champ story". Modern Ghana. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- Official website
- Phiona Mutesi rating card at FIDE
- Interview with Robert Katende and Phiona Mutesi on impactmania
- Phiona Mutesi at chessgames.com, where the moves of each of her games in Women's Chess Olympiads can be viewed (scroll down there to links)
- Queen of Katwe - A short documentary about Phiona Mutesi by Silent Images on YouTube
- Phiona: A Virtual Reality Portrait of 'Queen of Katwe', ABC News, 2016