The Phillips Library of the Peabody Essex Museum (PEM) is a rare books and special collections library. It is made up of the collections of the former Peabody Museum of Salem and the Essex Institute (which merged in 1992 to form the Peabody Essex Museum). Both had libraries named for members of the Phillips family.
|Location||306 Newburyport Turnpike, Rowley, Massachusetts|
|Items collected||books, journals, newspapers, magazines, ephemera, maps, and manuscripts, art|
|Address||306 Newburyport Turnpike|
|Town or city||Rowley, Massachusetts|
|Owner||Peabody Essex Museum|
|Design and construction|
|Architecture firm||Ennead Architects|
The Phillips Library and Reading Room moved in 2018 to the Peabody Essex Museum Collection Center in Rowley, Massachusetts, a building which had once been the headquarters for the Schylling toy company.
Formerly located in the Essex Institute Historic District of Salem, Massachusetts, the Phillips Library was in Plummer Hall on Essex Street, with offices in the connected John Tucker Daland House. Plummer Hall was originally built for the Salem Athenaeum in 1857. The Athenaeum provided for space for the Essex Institute and several other groups, and sold the building to the Essex Institute in 1907. The reading room, with its gold-leaf pillars and busts of Nathaniel Bowditch and George Peabody, underwent restoration in 1998. The library closed in November 2011 for an extensive $20 million "renovation and restoration of the library's John Tucker Daland House and Plummer Hall. The project also included the digitization of the library's catalog." Slated for completion in 2013, the Phillips Library reading room reopened in August 2013 at a temporary location—with limited access to materials—at 1 Second Street, Peabody, Massachusetts. On August 31, 2017, the library's temporary location in Peabody closed, noting: "all access to collections will be suspended from September 1, 2017, through March 31, 2018."
On December 8, 2017, Dan L. Monroe, PEM's Rose-Marie and Eijk van Otterloo, director and CEO, issued a press release announcing that the 42,000 linear feet of historical documents will be permanently relocated to Rowley, Massachusetts, and that Plummer Hall and Daland House, the two historic buildings which had housed the Phillips Library, will be utilized as office and meeting space. The move to Rowley allows the PEM to "provide the highest standards of preservation, care, and protection for the library collection" while offering space for its 1.8 million objects not currently on display at the museum. PEM "sank $15 million in the Rowley property between the site purchase and renovations. Many areas are still under construction, including a conservation lab, library digitization space, and a photography studio." The Phillips Library reading room opened in June 2018, with space for up to 14 researchers at a time.
The announcement of the planned movement of the Salem documents collection to the town of Rowley—located about 17 miles (27 km) north of the Peabody-Essex Museum—has sparked protests by historians and interested Salem citizens who don't accept that unique documents regarding Salem's history should reside outside the city. The Friends of Salem's Phillips Library formed in December 2017 after PEM announced it was moving Salem's largest and oldest archival collection from its permanent home at Plummer Hall to a collections center 40 minutes away and not accessible by public transportation.
The Phillips Library is best known for holding the majority of the original 1692 Salem witchcraft trials papers (on deposit from the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Archives) and early works by Nathaniel Hawthorne. Collection subjects include art and architecture, Essex County, maritime history, natural history, New England, voyages and travels, Asia, Oceania, and Native American culture. Some featured collections include the C. E. Fraser Clark Collection of Hawthorniana, the Frederick Townsend Ward Collection of Western-language materials on Imperial China, and the Herbert Offen Research Collection.
- Boston Globe, May 24, 1998
- Prior to 1992, the Essex Institute operated the "James Duncan Phillips Library" cf. Boston Globe, Oct 11, 1988
- "Artifact collection center unveiled in Rowley".
- "Peabody Essex Museum Buys Rowley Property for $7 Million". April 2017.
- "The Phillips Library in Rowley, MA | Peabody Essex Museum".
- Ashton, Joseph (1917). The Salem Athenaeum 1810-1910. The Berkeley Press. pp. 24–31.
- Boston Globe, May 24, 1998
- Roy, Matthew K. (September 27, 2011). "A MODERN MAKEOVER". Salem News. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
- Phillips Library at PEM. Retrieved 05 April 2012.
- Michael Kelley. Phillips Library... to Make Holdings Available Online. Library Journal. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 05 April 2012.
- daseger (2017-08-31). "Losing our History". streetsofsalem. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
- "Statement Regarding PEM Phillips Library". Peabody Essex Museum. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- Inc., The Outfit (2018-10-26). "pem.org | Library". pem.org. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- Writer, Dustin Luca Staff. "Collection center for artifacts from Peabody Essex unveiled". Salem News. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
- "Friends of Salem's Phillips Library". Friends of Salem's Phillips Library | Salem, Massachusetts. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
- Boston Globe, Mar 28, 2004
- Subject Strengths. Retrieved 05 April 2012.
- Featured Collections Archived 2017-07-19 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 05 April 2012.
- Offen Collection. Retrieved 05 April 2012.
- Kathy McCabe. A new chapter at Phillips Library. Boston Globe, May 24, 1998
- Steven Rosenberg. Access a Concern After Museum Cuts Library Hours. Boston Globe, Mar 28, 2004. Pg. 1
- Phillips Library Cutbacks Will Hurt Researchers. Boston Globe. Apr 8, 2004. Pg. 4
- Steven Rosenberg. Salem Museum Urged To Rethink Library Cuts. Boston Globe, Apr 15, 2004.
- Petition Urges More Services At Peabody Essex Library. Boston Globe, Oct 10, 2004.
- Tom Dalton. PEM hires director for Phillips Library [Sidney Berger]. SalemNews.com, February 13, 2007
- "Historians say wealth of records trapped in now shuttered library", Salem News, Dec 18, 2017
- "Salem residents angry over museum's plan to move historical records", Boston Globe, January 13, 2018
- Phillips Library webpage, Peabody Essex Museum
- Historic Houses at PEM. Descriptions of Daland House and Plummer Hall.
- Friends of Salem's Phillips Library. Group advocating for return of Phillips Library to Salem, Massachusetts.
- Flickr. Photo of library interior, 2006
- Flickr. Photo of library interior, 2010
- Flickr. Photo of Daland House, Salem, 2010. Part of the Phillips Library occupies this building.