This article needs to be updated.(May 2019)
2019 Philippine Senate election
12 (of the 24) seats to the Senate of the Philippines
13 seats needed for a majority
2019 Philippine House of Representatives elections
All 304 seats in the House of Representatives of the Philippines
153 seats needed for a majority
The following positions were contested:
- 12 seats in the Senate of the Philippines
- All seats in the House of Representatives of the Philippines
- All governors, vice governors and regular members of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (Provincial Councils) in the provinces of the Philippines
- All mayors, vice mayors and regular members of the Sangguniang Panlungsod (City Councils) or Sangguniang Bayan (Municipal Councils) in the cities or municipalities of the Philippines
Under the Local Government Code and the 1987 constitution, all terms start on June 30, 2019, and end on June 30, 2022, except for elected senators, whose terms shall end on June 30, 2025. The Commission on Elections administered the election.
Date of the election Edit
The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines states that unless otherwise provided by law, the election of members of Congress is on every second Monday of May. According to Republic Act No. 7166, election for national, provincial, city and municipal elections are on the second Monday of May, since 1992, and every three years thereafter, with the president and vice president being elected in six-year intervals. It has been three years since the last general election of 2016, and with no law canceling the election, this meant that the election was held on Monday, May 13, 2019.
The commission confirmed the day of the election day of May 13 when it released the calendar for the election. The important days are:
- Filing of candidacies and nominations for party-list representatives: October 11 to 12, and October 15 to 17, 2018
- Campaign period
- For Senate and party-list elections: February 12 to May 11, 2019
- For district congressional and local elections: March 29 to May 11, 2019
- Substitution of candidates: November 30 to 12:00 p.m. of May 13, 2019
- Election silence: April 18 to 19 and May 12 to 13, 2019
- Election day: May 13, 2019
- Deadline of filing of expenses: June 12, 2019
Automated election system Edit
The Philippines adopted an automated election system (AES) for the 2019 elections. The COMELEC announced in December 2018 that the Philippine AES passed the review conducted by international systems and software testing firm, Pro V&V, in Alabama, USA.
The Commission had a 'trusted build' program wherein the program to be used in the midterms in 2019 is built using the reviewed components. Commissioner Marlon Casquejo on December 17, 2018 turned over the executable file of the Election Management System (EMS) Trusted Build for the May 13, 2019 National and Local Elections (NLE) to the Commission en banc. The file will be escrowed to the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas.
The EMS compiled the number and profile of registered voters, their geographic locations and polling precinct information, and these were used in designing the official ballots.
The Commission on Elections made a decision on February 1, 2018 to purchase vote-counting machines (VCM), which were used in the 2016 presidential election for a price of 2.122 billion pesos for the 2019 mid-term elections.
Commission on Elections membership Edit
On October 17, 2017, the House of Representatives impeached Commission on Elections Chairman Andres D. Bautista due to allegations of manipulation of the 2016 vice presidential election in favor of Leni Robredo. Hours earlier, Bautista announced his resignation effective December 31. President Duterte accepted Bautista's resignation effective immediately, on October 23. Duterte then appointed Sheriff Abas as new chairman, in November 2017.
The Commission on Appointments confirmed Duterte's appointment of Abas as chairman in May 2018. Abas was expected to head the commission on the 2019 elections. At the confirmation hearing, Abas defended the commission's purchase of the vote-counting machines, saying that they were purchased at one-third of the cost. The commission later confirmed Duterte's appointment of Socorro Inting as commissioner later that month. Duterte also appointed Marlon S. Casquejo as commissioner on June and Undersecretary of Justice Antonio Kho as commissioner on July, completing the commission's seven seats.
Proposed cancellation Edit
Due to the drive to change the constitution to make the Philippines a federation, Speaker of the House of Representatives Pantaleon Alvarez said in January 2018 that the cancellation of the 2019 elections was possible, as a transition government would be needed. Later, Duterte ruled out the cancellation the election.
By July, after the consultative committee submitted their draft constitution to Duterte and Congress, Alvarez proposed to cancel the 2019 elections so that Congress could concentrate on revising the constitution. Senate President Tito Sotto said that this was possible by Congress passing a law for the cancellation of the election. Members of the consultative committee, on the other hand, preferred holding the election. Aquilino Pimentel Jr. said that "I suggest elections will continue (because people suspect that) we are proposing federalism so that the elections can be postponed. It is not true, not at all."
Later that month, Senator Panfilo Lacson said that most senators, including those who were running for reelection, would have blocked any moves by the lower house to cancel the election. This came as Alvarez switched his preferred mode of amending the constitution via a People's Initiative. Senator Franklin Drilon earlier stated that the minority bloc would have sued if Alvarez's plan of cancelling the election pushed through.
The 18th Congress of the Philippines comprises the winners of this election, together with the winning candidates in the 2016 Senate election.
Twelve seats in the Senate, or those seats that were first disputed in 1995, and were last up in 2013, were up for election.
The Hugpong ng Pagbabago, the alliance backed by Davao City mayor and presidential daughter Sara Duterte won nine of the seats up. The primary opposition coalition, Otso Diretso, failed to win any seats. Candidates from neither alliance won the other three seats.
|5.||Ronald dela Rosa||HNP||PDP–Laban||19,004,225||40.18%|
|14.||Bam Aquino||Otso Diretso||Liberal||14,144,923||29.91%|
|16.||Mar Roxas||Otso Diretso||Liberal||9,843,288||20.81%|
|21.||Chel Diokno||Otso Diretso||Liberal||6,342,939||13.41%|
|22.||Juan Ponce Enrile||PMP||5,319,298||11.25%|
|23.||Gary Alejano||Otso Diretso||Liberal||4,726,652||9.99%|
|24.||Neri Colmenares||Labor Win||Makabayan||4,683,942||9.90%|
|25.||Samira Gutoc||Otso Diretso||Liberal||4,345,252||9.19%|
|26.||Romulo Macalintal||Otso Diretso||Independent||4,007,339||8.47%|
|27.||Erin Tañada||Otso Diretso||Liberal||3,870,529||8.18%|
|29.||Florin Hilbay||Otso Diretso||Aksyon||2,757,879||5.83%|
|37.||Allan Montaño||Labor Win||Independent||923,419||2.25%|
|38.||Leody de Guzman||Labor Win||PLM||893,506||2.17%|
|50.||Sonny Matula||Labor Win, WPP||WPP||400,339||1.50%|
|52.||Joan Sheelah Nalliw||KKK||Independent||390,165||1.38%|
House of Representatives Edit
All seats in the House of Representatives were up for election.
Parties associated with the current administration, such as PDP–Laban, the Nacionalista Party, National Unity Party and Partido Federal ng Pilipinas won a majority of the seats contested. Other allies of the Duterte administration, such as the Nationalist People's Coalition, Lakas–CMD and various local parties, also won many seats. The Liberal Party won 18 seats, and is to form the nucleus of the minority bloc.
Congressional district elections Edit
|Nationalist People's Coalition||5,797,543||14.31||−2.73||37||−5|
|National Unity Party||3,852,909||9.51||−0.16||25||+2|
|Partido Federal ng Pilipinas||965,048||2.38||New||5||New|
|Hugpong ng Pagbabago||652,318||1.61||New||3||New|
|Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino||396,614||0.98||+0.77||1||New|
|Pederalismo ng Dugong Dakilang Samahan||259,423||0.64||New||0||0|
|Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino||252,806||0.62||+0.32||2||0|
|United Nationalist Alliance||232,657||0.57||−6.05||0||−11|
|Hugpong sa Tawong Lungsod||197,024||0.49||+0.35||1||New|
|Partidong Pagbabago ng Palawan||185,810||0.46||New||2||New|
|Bileg Ti Ilokano||158,523||0.39||New||1||New|
|People's Reform Party||138,014||0.34||New||1||New|
|Unang Sigaw ng Nueva Ecija||120,674||0.30||New||0||0|
|Katipunan ng Demokratikong Pilipino||116,453||0.29||New||0||0|
|Kambilan ning Memalen Kapampangan||107,078||0.26||New||0||0|
|Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines||81,741||0.20||+0.16||1||New|
|Kabalikat ng Bayan sa Kaunlaran||65,836||0.16||−0.03||1||0|
|Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas||56,223||0.14||New||0||0|
|Kilusang Bagong Lipunan||33,594||0.08||−0.45||0||0|
|Adelante Zamboanga Party||28,605||0.07||New||0||0|
|Labor Party Philippines||9,718||0.02||+0.00||0||0|
|Democratic Party of the Philippines||1,110||0.00||New||0||0|
|Hugpong Surigao Sur||816||0.00||New||0||0|
|Philippine Green Republican Party||701||0.00||−0.01||0||0|
|Source: COMELEC (Seats won), (Turnout and electorate)|
- There were supposed to be 306 seats up, out of 245 districts and 61 party-seats. Elections at two districts were deferred after ballots were already printed using the old configuration. After the party-list seats were seated, the Supreme Court then ruled that one of the districts shall first disputed in the 2022 election, and that the results of the 2019 election using the old configuration stood. The Commission on Elections then ruled that for other district, the same ruling from the Supreme Court would also be followed. This reduced the number of congressional district seats to 243, and would have meant a reduction of one party-list seat, but that was no longer acted upon.
Party-list election Edit
Pro-administration ACT-CIS Partylist topped the party-list election, winning the maximum three seats. The leftist opposition Bayan Muna also won the maximum three seats. Other members of the Party-List Coalition won most of the other seats. Some consistent winners in past party-list elections noticeably failed to win seats, such as Akbayan, Anakpawis and Butil Farmers Party.
|Anti-Crime and Terrorism Community Involvement and Support||2,651,987||9.51||+9.17||3||New|
|Ako Bicol Political Party||1,049,040||3.76||−1.38||2||−1|
|Citizens' Battle Against Corruption||929,718||3.33||+1.61||2||+1|
|Alyansa ng mga Mamamayang Probinsyano||770,344||2.76||New||2||New|
|One Patriotic Coalition of Marginalized Nationals||713,969||2.56||−1.49||2||0|
|Marino Samahan ng mga Seaman||681,448||2.44||+2.12||2||New|
|Coalition of Association of Senior Citizens in the Philippines||516,927||1.85||−1.20||1||−1|
|Magkakasama sa Sakahan Kaunlaran||496,337||1.78||New||1||New|
|Association of Philippine Electric Cooperatives||480,874||1.72||New||1||New|
|Gabriela Women's Party||449,440||1.61||−2.61||1||−1|
|Cooperative NATCCO Party||417,285||1.50||−0.57||1||−1|
|Philippine Rural Electric Cooperatives Association||394,966||1.42||New||1||New|
|Buhay Hayaan Yumabong||361,493||1.30||−1.05||1||−1|
|Kalinga-Advocacy for Social Empowerment and Nation Building Through Easing Poverty||339,665||1.22||New||1||0|
|Puwersa ng Bayaning Atleta||326,258||1.17||−1.24||1||−1|
|Alliance of Organizations Networks and Associations of the Philippines||320,000||1.15||−0.19||1||0|
|Rural Electric Consumers and Beneficiaries of Development and Advancement||318,511||1.14||New||1||New|
|Bahay para sa Pamilyang Pilipino||281,793||1.01||New||1||New|
|Construction Workers Solidarity||277,940||1.00||+0.97||1||New|
|Advocacy for Teacher Empowerment Through Action, Cooperation and Harmony Towards Educational Reforms||274,460||0.98||−0.49||1||0|
|Barangay Health Wellness||269,518||0.97||New||1||New|
|Social Amelioration and Genuine Intervention on Poverty||257,313||0.92||−0.31||1||New|
|Trade Union Congress Party||256,059||0.92||−0.52||1||0|
|Magdalo para sa Pilipino||253,536||0.91||+0.05||1||0|
|Galing sa Puso Party||249,484||0.89||New||1||New|
|Manila Teachers Savings and Loan Association||249,416||0.89||+0.06||1||0|
|Rebolusyonaryong Alyansa Makabansa||238,150||0.85||+0.38||1||New|
|Alagaan Natin Ating Kalusugan||237,629||0.85||+0.26||1||New|
|Ako Padayon Pilipino||235,112||0.84||New||1||New|
|Ang Asosayon Sang Mangunguma Nga Bisaya-Owa Mangunguma||234,552||0.84||−0.69||1||0|
|Dumper Philippines Taxi Drivers Association||223,199||0.80||+0.78||1||New|
|Talino at Galing ng Pinoy||217,525||0.78||+0.51||1||New|
|Public Safety Alliance for Transformation and Rule of Law||216,653||0.78||New||1||New|
|Agricultural Sector Alliance of the Philippines||208,752||0.75||−1.08||1||0|
|LPG Marketers Association||208,219||0.75||−0.69||1||0|
|OFW Family Club||200,881||0.72||+0.09||1||New|
|Kabalikat ng Mamamayan||198,571||0.71||−1.89||1||−1|
|Democratic Independent Workers Association||196,385||0.70||−0.74||1||New|
|Aksyon Magsasaka-Partido Tinig ng Masa||191,804||0.69||New||0||0|
|Serbisyo sa Bayan Party||180,535||0.65||−0.22||0||−2|
|Angkla: ang Partido ng mga Pilipinong Marino||179,909||0.65||−0.39||0||−1|
|Wow Pilipinas Movement||172,080||0.62||New||0||0|
|Ina na Nagmamahal sa Anak||170,019||0.61||New||0||0|
|You Against Corruption and Poverty||167,826||0.60||−0.86||0||−1|
|Butil Farmers Party||164,412||0.59||−0.63||0||−1|
|Ang National Coalition of Indigenous People Action Na!||144,291||0.52||−0.46||0||−1|
|Partido ng Bayan and Bida||136,093||0.49||New||0||0|
|Kasosyo Producer-Consumer Exchange Association||134,795||0.48||New||0||0|
|Agri-Agra na Reporma para sa Magsasaka ng Pilipinas||133,505||0.48||−2.10||0||−2|
|Acts Overseas Filipino Workers Coalition of Organizations||131,865||0.47||−0.69||0||−1|
|Adhikaing Tinaguyod ng Kooperatiba||131,344||0.47||+0.10||0||0|
|Ang Mata'y Alagaan||128,201||0.46||−0.56||0||−1|
|1st Consumers Alliance for Rural Energy||127,867||0.46||New||0||−1|
|Murang Kuryente Partylist||127,530||0.46||New||0||0|
|Una ang Edukasyon||119,646||0.43||−0.43||0||−1|
|Philippine Educators Alliance for Community Empowerment||119,211||0.43||New||0||0|
|Association of Lady Entrepreneurs||113,134||0.41||New||0||0|
|Ako An Bisaya||109,463||0.39||−0.11||0||0|
|Avid Builders of Active Nation's Citizenry Towards Empowered Philippines||97,114||0.35||New||0||0|
|Alay Buhay Community Development Foundation||94,320||0.34||−0.24||0||0|
|Global Workers and Family Federation||89,775||0.32||−0.04||0||0|
|Confederation of Non-Stock Savings and Loan Associations||88,075||0.32||−0.34||0||0|
|National Association for Electricity Consumers for Reforms||81,141||0.29||New||0||0|
|Philippine National Police Retirees Association||79,818||0.29||New||0||0|
|Joint Union of Active Nationalist Filipino Movement||76,769||0.28||New||0||0|
|Ating Agapay Sentrong Samahan ng mga Obrero||74,722||0.27||−0.64||0||−1|
|1 Alliance Advocating Autonomy Party||74,465||0.27||New||0||0|
|Agbiag! Timpuyog Ilocano||70,318||0.25||−0.49||0||−1|
|Alliance of Philippine Fishing Federations||69,138||0.25||−0.43||0||0|
|Ang Laban ng Indiginong Filipino||68,805||0.25||−0.77||0||0|
|Laang Kawal ng Pilipinas||68,333||0.25||New||0||0|
|Sinag Tungo sa Kaunlaran||61,696||0.22||+0.03||0||0|
|People's Champ Guardians||60,448||0.22||New||0||0|
|Luntiang Pilipinas Partylist||59,096||0.21||New||0||0|
|Grains Retailers Confederation of the Philippines||58,561||0.21||New||0||0|
|Alliance of National Urban Poor Organization Assembly||54,767||0.20||+0.14||0||0|
|Ako Bisdak-Bisayang Dako||51,228||0.18||New||0||0|
|Kooperatiba-Kapisanan ng Magsasaka ng Pilipinas||50,889||0.18||New||0||0|
|Union of Nationalistic Democratic Filipino Organization||45,710||0.16||+0.01||0||0|
|Isang Lapian ng Mangingisda at Bayan Tungo sa Kaunlaran||44,181||0.16||New||0||0|
|Ako Ayoko sa Bawal na Droga||43,583||0.16||New||0||0|
|1-United Transport Koalisyon||36,285||0.13||New||0||0|
|AMEPA OFW Access Center||35,373||0.13||−0.24||0||0|
|Academicians Students and Educators Alliance Inc.||32,464||0.12||−0.27||0||0|
|Arts, Business and Science Professionals||31,394||0.11||−0.82||0||−1|
|Sulong Dignidad Party||29,830||0.11||New||0||0|
|Kabalikat ng Nagkakaisang Manileño||29,187||0.10||New||0||0|
|Parents Teacher Alliance||28,908||0.10||New||0||0|
|Partido Lakas ng Masa||28,824||0.10||New||0||0|
|Partido ng Manggagawa||28,351||0.10||New||0||0|
|Movement for Economic Transformation and Righteous Opportunities||28,261||0.10||−0.19||0||0|
|One Advocacy for Health Progress and Opportunity||26,564||0.10||−0.07||0||0|
|Ang Tao Muna at Bayan||25,946||0.09||+0.00||0||0|
|Alliance of Volunteer Educators||25,025||0.09||−0.40||0||0|
|Awareness of Keepers of the Environment||24,780||0.09||+0.00||0||0|
|One Unified Transport Alliance of the Philippines-Bicol Region||22,948||0.08||New||0||0|
|Pinagbuklod na Filipino para sa Bayan||18,297||0.07||New||0||0|
|Federation of International Cable TV and Telecommunications Association of the Philippines||16,038||0.06||−0.05||0||0|
|Tribal Communities Association of the Philippines||15,731||0.06||−0.10||0||0|
|Tinderong Pinoy Party||14,580||0.05||−0.09||0||0|
|Pilipinas para sa Pinoy||13,848||0.05||New||0||0|
|Kaisahan ng mga Maliliit na Magsasaka||12,061||0.04||−0.09||0||0|
|Noble Advancement of Marvelous People of the Philippines||11,751||0.04||New||0||0|
|Filipino Family Party||10,589||0.04||New||0||0|
|Alliance of Public Transport Organization||8,883||0.03||New||0||0|
|Kamais Pilipinas (Kapatirang Magmamais ng Pilipinas)||7,571||0.03||New||0||0|
|Sandigan ng mga Manggagawa sa Konstruksyon||6,344||0.02||New||0||0|
All totals as of the first quarter of 2018:
- All 81 provincial governors and vice governors, and all regular members of all of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan were up for election.
- All 145 city mayors and vice mayors, and all regular members of all of the Sangguniang Panlungsod were up for election.
- All 1,489 municipal mayors and vice mayors, and all regular members of all of the Sangguniang Bayan were up for election.
The ex officio members of the local legislatures, who have been elected after the 2018 barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan elections, shall serve until January 1, 2023, after the barangay elections in May 2020 were postponed to December 2022.
Changes are as compared to the 2016 local elections.
|Party||Governor||Vice governor||Board members|
41 / 81
32 / 81
22 / 81
263 / 1,023
8 / 81
11 / 81
7 / 81
116 / 1,023
8 / 81
10 / 81
4 / 81
67 / 1,023
7 / 81
6 / 81
2 / 81
90 / 1,023
2 / 81
5 / 81
2 / 81
54 / 1,023
2 / 81
2 / 81
1 / 81
18 / 1,023
1 / 81
3 / 81
0 / 81
9 / 1,023
0 / 81
0 / 81
0 / 81
4 / 1,023
9 / 81
11 / 81
7 / 81
116 / 1,023
3 / 81
0 / 81
43 / 1,023
|Ex officio members||—||
243 / 1,023
City- and municipal-level Edit
611 / 1,634
547 / 1,634
4,183 / 16,812
252 / 1,634
244 / 1,634
2,009 / 16,812
172 / 1,634
184 / 1,634
1,413 / 16,812
125 / 1,634
151 / 1,634
990 / 16,812
67 / 1,634
66 / 1,634
514 / 16,812
47 / 1,634
62 / 1,634
385 / 16,812
19 / 1,634
20 / 1,634
235 / 16,812
11 / 1,634
9 / 1,634
91 / 16,812
2 / 1,634
2 / 1,634
19 / 16,812
259 / 1,634
232 / 1,634
1,971 / 16,812
69 / 1,634
117 / 1,634
1,636 / 16,812
|Ex officio members||—||
3,268 / 16,812
On May 13, the number of malfunctioned vote counting machines (VCMs) tripled compared to the 2016 election. According to COMELEC spokesperson James Jimenez, 400–600 out of 85,000 VCMs across the country (representing 0.7%) encountered glitches. The machines were from the 2016 elections, and the COMELEC admitted that it could be because the machines are not new.
Faulty SD cards were also reported to be the cause of malfunction. The substandard ballot forms as well as markers that bleed ink are other causes of malfunction and anomalies. The COMELEC will probe the suppliers: Triplex Enterprises Incorporated for the ballot paper and marking pens and S1 Technologies Incorporated and Silicon Valley Computer Group joint venture for the SD cards.
Jimenez, however, said that the problems experienced were still within range of expected range of expectation, as problematic machines account for only less than 1 percent of total machines used.
There are reports of running out of ballots in a polling precinct in Alburquerque, Bohol; affected voters have waited for two hours before the extra ballots was delivered at 3pm. At around 10, the COMELEC has experienced problems with the transparency server where the unofficial tally has been stuck for hours, with only 0.38% of polling precincts have managed to transmit the results. But experts agree that the glitches don't necessarily mean cheating took place. The transmission happened, according to PPCRV Chairperson Myla Villanueva. In an interview, Villanueva said that 'results were receiver by transparency server continuously, despite media temporarily not being able to see the results.' She added that 'most importantly, the ERs match with transmitted results.' 
Despite the glitches, the random manual audits (RMA) conducted days after the elections show that the 2019 midterms yielded the highest rate of accuracy among the previous automated elections. Based on the 2019 RMA, the accuracy rate for the senatorial votes was at 99.9971 percent; for members of the House 99.9946 percent; and 99.9941 percent for mayor.
The COMELEC recorded at least 20 people have been killed in an election-related incidents and 43 incidents during the course of election campaign as of May 13, most notably the killing of AKO Bicol congressman Rodel Batocabe on December 22, 2018. There are reported violence during the election day: a shooting occurred at the polling center in Panglima Estino, Sulu where six have been injured.
In a Pulse Asia opinion poll dated June 24–30, 2019, 82% of those surveyed found the election to be believable while 82% said the release of the results were fast. Meanwhile, 10% of respondents found their names missing in the voters list, 4% of their registration was deactivated, 1% of the vote counting machine malfunctioned, as the issues in the election.
- "Article VI of the Constitution of the Philippines". COMELEC.gov.ph. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- "Republic Act No. 7166". COMELEC.gov.ph. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- Gagalac, Ron (October 3, 2018). "Comelec sets calendar for 2019 polls". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- Patinio, Ferdinand. "'Trusted build' program for 2019 automated polls set Dec. 14". www.pna.gov.ph. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- Patinio, Ferdinand. "Casquejo presents 'trusted build' file for 2019 polls to Comelec". www.pna.gov.ph. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- Lagrimas, Nicole-Anne C. (February 1, 2018). "Comelec to purchase P2.12B worth of vote-counting machines used in 2016 for 2019 polls". GMA News. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- Morallo, Audrey (October 11, 2017). "House votes to impeach Comelec Chairman Bautista". The Philippine Star. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- Ager, Malia; Santos, Tina (October 11, 2017). "Comelec chair Andres Bautista resigns". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- "BREAKING: Comelec Chair Bautista's resignation effective immediately – Malacañang". Rappler. October 23, 2017. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
- Ranada, Pia. "Sheriff Abas is new Comelec chairman". Rappler. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Sy, Marvin (May 24, 2018). "Comelec chief Sheriff Abas gets Commission on Appointments nod". philstar.com. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- Esmaquel, Paterno II (May 30, 2018). "CA confirms Comelec Commissioner Socorro Inting". Rappler. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- Esguerra, Anthony Q. (July 16, 2018). "Kho takes oath as new Comelec Commissioner". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Colcol, Erwin (January 3, 2018). "No elections in 2019 possible, says Alvarez". GMA News Online. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- Porcalla, Delon (July 12, 2018). "Speaker Alvarez proposes no-elections in 2019 for federalism". The Philippine Star. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- Ager, Maila (July 12, 2018). "Sotto: Congress may pass law to postpone 2019 polls". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- Ramirez, Robertzon (July 14, 2018). "Concom to Congress: Stop talking 'no-elections' in 2019". The Philippine Star. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- Ager, Maila (July 18, 2018). "Lacson: Senators to fight 'tooth and nail' against 'No-el' moves". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- Cepeda, Mara (July 27, 2018). "Arroyo opposes proposal to scrap 2019 elections". Rappler. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- "Philippine Statistics Authority | Republic of the Philippines". nap.psa.gov.ph. Archived from the original on April 13, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- "Comelec admits vote counting machine issues tripled in 2019 polls". ABS-CBN News.
- "COMELEC to probe suppliers of defective markers, SD cards". Rappler.
- "Problem on VCMs within Comelec's 'range of expectations'". Manila Bulletin.
- "Bohol precinct runs out of ballots". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
- "Comelec server problem delays unofficial tallies". ABS-CBN News.
- "Comelec: Slow unofficial count due to 'technical issue'". Rappler.
- "Transmission glitches don't necessarily mean electoral fraud". Rappler.
- "For the record: Myla Villanueva". GMA News.
- "2019 RMA results show highest accuracy in 4 past elections". Manila Bulletin.
- "At least 20 killed in election-related violence since December 2018". Rappler.
- "Who is Rodel Batocabe?". Rappler.
- "6 wounded in shooting near voting center in Sulu". CNN Philippines. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
- "9 in 10 Filipinos want automated polls to continue — Pulse Asia". Philstar.