2019 Philippine general election

  (Redirected from Philippine general election, 2019)

The 2019 Philippine general election was conducted on May 13, 2019. A midterm election, those elected therein will take office on June 30, 2019, midway through the term of President Rodrigo Duterte.

2019 Philippine Senate election

← 2016 May 13, 2019 2022 →

12 (of the 24) seats to the Senate of the Philippines
13 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  First party Second party Third party
  Koko Pimentel IAEA cropped.jpg Mar Roxas 082014.jpg Nancy Binay - 2019 (cropped).jpg
Leader Koko Pimentel Mar Roxas Nancy Binay
Party PDP–Laban Liberal UNA
Alliance HNP Otso Diretso UNA
Seats won 9 0 1
Popular vote 203,023,825 50,038,801 14,974,776
Percentage 56.2% 13.8% 4.1%

Philippine 2019 Senate Elections Results for HNP.png
Map showing the number of winning HNP candidates if elections were done per province and city, with darker red shades denoting more candidates from HNP winning there. The winners are determined via the nationwide vote.

Senate President before election

Tito Sotto
NPC

Elected Senate President

Tito Sotto
NPC

2019 Philippine House of Representatives elections

← 2016 May 13, 2019 2022 →

All 304 seats in the House of Representatives of the Philippines
153 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Velasco-lord.jpg Philippine Foreign Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano 2018.jpg Fuentebella-f.jpg
Leader Lord Allan Jay Velasco Alan Peter Cayetano Arnulfo Fuentebella
Party PDP–Laban Nacionalista NPC
Leader's seat Marinduque Taguig-Pateros Camarines Sur–4th
Last election 3 seats, 1.90% 24 seats, 9.42% 42 seats, 17.04%
Seats before 94 37 33
Seats won 82 42 36
Seat change Decrease 12 Increase 5 Increase 3
Popular vote 12,564,335 6,554,911 5,644,007
Percentage 31.28% 16.32% 14.05%
Swing Increase 29.38% Increase 6.90% Decrease 2.99%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Fredenil Castro Jose Christopher Belmonte Ferdinand Martin Romualdez
Party NUP Liberal Lakas
Leader's seat Capiz–2nd Quezon City–6th Leyte–1st
Last election 23 seats, 9.67% 115 seats, 41.72% 4 seats, 1.54%
Seats before 28 18 5
Seats won 25 18 11
Seat change Decrease 3 Steady Increase 6
Popular vote 3,852,909 2,321,759 1,928,716
Percentage 9.59% 5.78% 4.80%
Swing Decrease 0.08% Decrease 35.94% Increase 3.26%

2019 Philippine House of Representatives Elections.svg
Election results; map refers to results from congressional districts, with parts of Greater Manila Area and Metro Cebu at the inset, while the boxes to the left represent party-list seats.

2019 Philippine House of Representatives elections diagram.svg
Composition of the House of Representatives after the election

Speaker before election

Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
PDP–Laban

Elected Speaker

Alan Peter Cayetano
Nacionalista

The following positions were contested:

Under the Local Government Code and the 1987 constitution, all terms start on June 30, 2019, and end on June 30, 2022, except for elected senators, whose terms shall end on June 30, 2025. The Commission on Elections administered the election.

PreparationEdit

Date of the electionEdit

The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines states that unless otherwise provided by law, the election of members of Congress is on every second Monday of May.[1] According to Republic Act No. 7166, election for national, provincial, city and municipal elections are on the second Monday of May, since 1992, and every three years thereafter, with the president and vice president being elected in six-year intervals.[2] It has been three years since the last general election of 2016, and with no law canceling the election, this meant that the election was held on Monday, May 13, 2019.

The commission confirmed the day of the election day of May 13 when it released the calendar for the election. The important days are:[3]

  • Filing of candidacies and nominations for party-list representatives: October 11 to 12, and October 15 to 17, 2018
  • Campaign period
    • For Senate and party-list elections: February 12 to May 11, 2019
    • For district congressional and local elections: March 29 to May 11, 2019
  • Substitution of candidates: November 30 to 12:00 p.m. of May 13, 2019
  • Election silence: April 18 to 19 and May 12 to 13, 2019
  • Election day: May 13, 2019
  • Deadline of filing of expenses: June 12, 2019

Automated election systemEdit

The Philippines adopted an automated election system (AES) for the 2019 elections. The COMELEC announced in December 2018 that the Philippine AES passed the review conducted by international systems and software testing firm, Pro V&V, in Alabama, USA.[4]

The Commission had a 'trusted build' program wherein the program to be used in the midterms in 2019 is built using the reviewed components. Commissioner Marlon Casquejo on December 17, 2018 turned over the executable file of the Election Management System (EMS) Trusted Build for the May 13, 2019 National and Local Elections (NLE) to the Commission en banc. The file will be escrowed to the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas.[5]

The EMS compiled the number and profile of registered voters, their geographic locations and polling precinct information, and these were used in designing the official ballots.

EquipmentEdit

The Commission on Elections made a decision on February 1, 2018 to purchase vote-counting machines (VCM), which were used in the 2016 presidential election for a price of 2.122 billion pesos for the 2019 mid-term elections.[6]

Commission on Elections membershipEdit

On October 17, 2017, the House of Representatives impeached Commission on Elections Chairman Andres D. Bautista due to allegations of manipulation of the 2016 vice presidential election in favor of Leni Robredo.[7] Hours earlier, Bautista announced his resignation effective December 31.[8] President Duterte accepted Bautista's resignation effective immediately, on October 23.[9] Duterte then appointed Sheriff Abas as new chairman, in November 2017.[10]

The Commission on Appointments confirmed Duterte's appointment of Abas as Chairman in May 2018. Abas is expected to head the commission on the 2019 elections. At the confirmation hearing, Abas defended the commission's purchase of the vote-counting machines, saying that they were purchased at one-third of the cost.[11] The commission later confirmed Duterte's appointment of Socorro Inting as Commissioner later that month.[12] Duterte also appointed Marlon S. Casquejo as Commissioner on June and undersecretary of Justice Antonio Kho as Commissioner on July, completing the commission's seven seats.[13]

Proposed cancellationEdit

Due to the drive to change the constitution to make the Philippines a federation, Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez said in January 2018 that the cancellation of the 2019 elections is possible, as a transition government would be needed. Later, the president ruled out the cancellation the election.[14]

By July, after the consultative committee submitted their draft constitution to the president and Congress, Alvarez proposed to cancel the 2019 elections so that Congress can concentrate in revising the constitution.[15] Senate President Tito Sotto said that this is possible by Congress passing a law for the cancellation of the election.[16] Members of the consultative committee, on the other hand, prefer holding the election. Aquilino Pimentel Jr. said that "I suggest elections will continue (because people suspect that) we are proposing federalism so that the elections can be postponed. It is not true, not at all."[17]

Later that month, Senator Panfilo Lacson said that most senators, including those who are running for reelection, would have blocked any moves by the lower house to cancel the election. This came as Alvarez switched his preferred mode of amending the constitution via a People's Initiative. Franklin Drilon earlier said that the minority bloc would have sued if Alvarez's plan of cancelling the election pushed through.[18]

With the ouster of Alvarez by Gloria Macapagal Arroyo as Speaker in July 2018, the latter said that she preferred the elections pushing through.[19]

ResultsEdit

CongressEdit

The 18th Congress of the Philippines shall comprise the winners of this election, together with the winning candidates in the 2016 Senate election.

SenateEdit

Twelve seats in the Senate, or those seats that were first disputed in 1995, and were last up in 2013, were up for election.

e • d Summary of the May 13, 2019 Philippine Senate election results per party
 
Party Popular vote Breakdown Seats
Total % Swing Entered Up Not up Gains Holds Losses Won End 17th 18th +/−
Start %
PDP–Laban (Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power) 76,712,223 21.22%   21.22% 5 1 4 3 1 0 4 2 5 20.8%   3
Nacionalista (Nationalist Party) 60,955,374 16.86%   16.01% 3 2 1 2 1 0 3 3 4 16.7%   1
Liberal (Liberal Party) 43,273,583 11.97%   19.33% 6 1 4 0 0 1 0 5 4 16.7%   1
NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition) 31,279,191 8.65%   1.42% 2 2 2 0 2 1 1 4 3 12.5%   1
Lakas (People Power–Christian Muslim Democrats) 22,240,710 6.15%   2.07% 2 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 4.2%   1
LDP (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos) 18,161,862 5.02%   5.02% 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 4.2%  
PMP (Force of the Filipino Masses) 16,678,603 4.61%   0.88% 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%  
UNA (United Nationalist Alliance) 14,974,776 4.14%   3.50% 2 1 0 0 1 0 1 2 1 4.2%   1
Makabayan (Patriotic Coalition of the People) 4,683,942 1.30%   0.72% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%  
KDP (Union of Democratic Filipinos) 4,185,673 1.16%   1.16% 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%  
KBL (New Society Movement) 3,487,780 0.96%   0.35% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%  
WPP (Labor Party Philippines) 3,409,010 0.94%   0.18% 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%  
Aksyon (Democratic Action) 2,757,879 0.76%   1.86% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%  
Bagumbayan (New Nation-Volunteers for a New Philippines) 2,059,359 0.57%   0.57% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%  
PFP (Federal Party of the Philippines) 1,490,764 0.41%   0.41% 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%  
PLM (Strength of the Masses Party) 893,506 0.25%   0.25% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%  
PDSP (Philippine Social Democratic Party) 347,013 0.10%   0.10% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%  
Akbayan (Akbayan Citizens' Action Party) Not participating 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 4.2%  
Independent 53,959,909 14.92%   16.44% 18 3 2 0 1 2 1 5 4 16.7%   1
Vacancy 1 0 0 0 2 1 0 0%   2
Total votes 361,551,157 N/A 62 12 12 6 6 6 12 24 24 100%   1
Registered voters 63,665,944 100%   20.11%

House of RepresentativesEdit

 
Congressional district election results

All seats in the House of Representatives were up for election.

Congressional district electionsEdit
e • d Summary of the May 13, 2019 Philippine House of Representatives election results for representatives from congressional districts[20]
 
Party Popular vote Seats
Total % Swing Entered Up Won[21] % +/−
PDP–Laban (Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power) 12,653,960 31.23%   29.33% 127 94 82 26.97%   12
Nacionalista (Nationalist Party) 6,524,100 16.10%   6.68% 69 37 42 13.82%   5
NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition) 5,797,543 14.31%   2.73% 61 33 37 12.17%   4
NUP (National Unity Party) 3,852,909 9.51%   0.16% 42 28 25 8.22%   3
Liberal (Liberal Party) 2,321,759 5.73%   35.99% 26 18 18 5.92%  
Lakas (People Power–Christian Muslim Democrats) 2,069,871 5.11%   3.57% 29 5 12 3.95%   7
PFP (Federal Party of the Philippines) 965,048 2.38%   2.38% 32 2 5 1.64%   3
HNP (Faction of Change) 652,318 1.61%   1.61% 6 3 3 0.99%  
Aksyon (Democratic Action) 398,616 0.98%   0.40% 6 0 1 0.33%   1
PMP (Force of the Filipino Masses) 396,614 0.98%   0.77% 9 1 1 0.33%  
Bukidnon Paglaum (Hope for Bukidnon) 335,628 0.83%   0.48% 3 2 2 0.66%  
PDDS (Noble Blood Association of Federalists) 259,423 0.64%   0.64% 31 0 0 0.00%  
LDP (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos) 252,806 0.62%   0.32% 3 3 2 0.66%   1
UNA (United Nationalist Alliance) 232,657 0.57%   6.05% 7 0 0 0.00%  
HTL (Party of the People of the City) 197,024 0.49%   0.35% 1 0 1 0.33%   1
PPP (Palawan's Party of Change) 185,810 0.46%   0.46% 2 0 2 0.66%   2
Bileg (Ilocano Power) 158,523 0.39%   0.39% 1 1 1 0.33%  
PRP (People's Reform Party) 138,014 0.34%   0.34% 2 0 1 0.33%   1
Unang Sigaw (First Cry of Nueva Ecija) 120,674 0.30%   0.30% 1 0 0 0.00%  
KDP (Union of Democratic Filipinos) 116,453 0.29%   0.29% 4 0 0 0.00%  
Asenso Abrenio (Progress for Abrenians) 115,865 0.29%   0.29% 1 0 1 0.33%   1
Kambilan (Shield and Fellowship of Kapampangans) 107,078 0.26%   0.26% 1 0 0 0.00%  
Padayon Pilipino (Onward Filipinos) 98,450 0.24%   0.10% 2 0 0 0.00%  
Asenso Manileño (Progress for Manilans) 84,656 0.21%   0.29% 2 0 2 0.66%   2
Kusog Bicolandia (Force of Bicol) 82,832 0.20%   0.21% 2 0 0 0.00%  
CDP (Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines) 81,741 0.20%   0.17% 1 0 1 0.33%   1
Navoteño (Navotas Party) 80,265 0.20%   0.20% 1 1 1 0.33%  
KABAKA (Partner of the Nation for Progress) 65,836 0.16%   0.03% 1 1 1 0.33%  
PDSP (Philippine Social Democratic Party) 56,223 0.14%   0.14% 3 0 0 0.00%  
Bagumbayan (New Nation-Volunteers for a New Philippines) 33,731 0.08%   0.08% 1 0 0 0.00%  
KBL (New Society Movement) 33,594 0.08%   0.45% 1 0 0 0.00%  
AZAP (Forward Zamboanga Party) 28,605 0.07%   0.07% 1 0 0 0.00%  
WPP (Labor Party Philippines) 9,718 0.02%   0.00% 2 0 0 0.00%  
DPP (Democratic Party of the Philippines) 1,110 0.00%   0.00% 1 0 0 0.00%  
HSS (Surigao Sur Party) 816 0.00%   0.00% 1 0 0 0.00%  
PGRP (Philippine Green Republican Party) 701 0.00%   0.01% 1 0 0 0.00%  
Independent 2,014,211 4.97%   0.86% 143 1 2 0.66%   1
TotalA 40,524,366 100% N/A 627 238 243 79.9%   5
Valid votes 40,524,366 86.90%   0.39%
Invalid votes 6,106,908 13.10%   0.39%
Turnout 46,631,274 75.40%
Registered voters (without overseas voters) 61,843,771 100%   11.48%

Notes:

^ The congressional districts for General Santos and both Southern Leyte's districts were supposedly done later in 2019, as these were approved after the ballots were printed. Elections for South Cotabato as two districts, where General Santos is included in the 1st district, and Southern Leyte's lone district, still proceeded, but all votes were declared as stray. However, the Supreme Court ruled that the result of the election for South Cotabato's 1st district, stood, ordering the commission to proclaim Shirlyn L. Bañas-Nograles as the winner.[22] The commission then decided that the winner in Southern Leyte's congressional election, Roger Mercado, be proclaimed as well.[23]

Party-list electionEdit
e • d Summary of the May 13, 2019 Philippine House of Representatives election results for party-list representatives
Party Popular vote Seats
Total[24] % Swing Up Won[25] +/−
ACT-CIS 2,651,987 9.51%   9.17% 0 3   3
Bayan Muna 1,117,403 4.01%   2.14% 1 3   2
Ako Bicol 1,049,040 3.76%   1.38% 3 2   1
CIBAC 929,718 3.33%   1.61% 1 2   1
ANG PROBINSYANO 770,344 2.76%   2.76% 0 2   2
1PACMAN 713,969 2.56%   1.49% 2 2  
Marino 681,448 2.44%   2.12% 0 2   2
Probinsyano Ako 630,435 2.26%   2.26% 0 2   2
Senior Citizens 516,927 1.85%   1.66% 0 1   1
MAGSASAKA 496,337 1.78%   1.78% 0 1   1
APEC 480,874 1.72%   1.72% 0 1   1
GABRIELA 449,440 1.61%   2.61% 2 1   1
An Waray 442,090 1.59%   0.23% 1 1  
Coop-NATCCO 417,285 1.50%   0.57% 2 1   1
ACT Teachers 395,327 1.42%   2.23% 2 1   1
PHILRECA 394,966 1.42%   1.42% 0 1   1
Ako Bisaya 394,304 1.41%   1.41% 0 1   1
Tingog Sinirangan 391,211 1.40%   0.75% 0 1   1
Abono 378,204 1.36%   0.90% 2 1   1
Buhay 361,493 1.30%   1.05% 2 1   1
Duterte Youth 354,629 1.27%   1.27% 0 1   1
Kalinga 339,665 1.22%   0.31% 1 1  
PBA 326,258 1.17%   1.24% 2 1   1
ALONA 320,000 1.15%   0.19% 1 1  
RECOBODA 318,511 1.14%   1.14% 0 1   1
Bagong Henerasyon 288,752 1.04%   0.12% 1 1  
BAHAY 281,793 1.01%   1.01% 0 1   1
CWS 277,940 1.00%   0.97% 0 1   1
Abang Lingkod 275,199 0.99%   0.45% 1 1  
A TEACHER 274,460 0.98%   0.49% 1 1  
BHW 269,518 0.97%   0.97% 0 1   1
SAGIP 257,313 0.92%   0.92% 0 1   1
TUCP 256,059 0.92%   0.52% 1 1  
Magdalo 253,536 0.91%   0.05% 1 1  
GP 249,484 0.89%   0.89% 0 1   1
Manila Teachers 249,416 0.89%   0.06% 1 1  
RAM 238,150 0.85%   0.38% 0 1   1
ANAKALUSUGAN 237,629 0.85%   0.26% 0 1   1
Ako Padayon 235,112 0.84%   0.84% 0 1   1
AAMBIS-OWA 234,552 0.84%   0.69% 1 1  
Kusug Tausug 228,224 0.82%   0.06% 1 1  
Dumper PTDA 223,199 0.80%   0.78% 0 1   1
TGP 217,525 0.78%   0.78% 0 1   1
PATROL 216,653 0.78%   0.78% 0 1   1
Anak Mindanao 212,323 0.76%   1.42% 2 1   1
AGAP 208,752 0.75%   1.08% 1 1  
LPGMA 208,219 0.75%   0.69% 1 1  
OFW Family Club 200,881 0.72%   0.09% 0 1   1
KABAYAN 198,571 0.71%   1.89% 2 1   1
DIWA 196,385 0.70%   0.70% 0 1   1
Kabataan 195,837 0.70%   0.23% 1 1  
AKMA-PTM 191,804 0.69%   0.69% 0 0  
SBP 180,535 0.65%   2.40% 2 0   2
Angkla 179,909 0.65%   0.39% 1 0   1
Akbayan 173,356 0.62%   1.26% 1 0   1
Wow Pilipinas 172,080 0.62%   0.62% 0 0  
Inang Mahal 170,019 0.61%   0.61% 0 0  
YACAP 167,826 0.60%   0.86% 1 0   1
ABAMIN 166,883 0.60%   0.05% 0 0  
Butil 164,412 0.59%   0.63% 1 0   1
Append 158,003 0.57%   0.11% 0 0  
Anakpawis 146,511 0.53%   0.60% 1 0   1
ANAK-IP 144,291 0.52%   0.46% 1 0   1
Ang Nars 141,263 0.51%   0.17% 0 0  
PBB 136,093 0.49%   0.35% 0 0  
AA-KASOSYO PARTY 134,795 0.48%   0.48% 0 0  
AGRI 133,505 0.48%   2.10% 2 0   2
ACTS-OFW 131,865 0.47%   0.69% 1 0   1
ATING KOOP 131,344 0.47%   0.10% 0 0  
Mata 128,201 0.46%   0.56% 1 0   1
1-CARE 127,867 0.46%   0.56% 1 0   1
Murang Kuryente 127,530 0.46%   0.46% 0 0  
1-ANG EDUKASYON 119,646 0.43%   0.43% 1 0   1
PEACE 119,211 0.43%   0.43% 0 0  
ALENG ENTREP 113,134 0.41%   0.06% 0 0  
Aangat Tayo 109,939 0.39%   0.36% 1 0   1
Ako An Bisaya 109,463 0.39%   0.39% 0 0  
ABANTE PILIPINAS 97,114 0.35%   0.35% 0 0  
Alay Buhay 94,320 0.34%   0.24% 0 0  
Global 89,775 0.32%   0.32% 0 0  
CONSLA 88,075 0.32%   0.34% 0 0  
ABEKA 83,379 0.30%   0.30% 0 0  
KONTRA BROWNOUT 81,141 0.29%   0.29% 0 0  
PRAI 79,818 0.29%   0.29% 0 0  
MAYPAGASA 79,358 0.28%   0.28% 0 0  
JUAN MOVEMENT 76,769 0.28%   0.28% 0 0  
ITO ANG TAMA 76,428 0.27%   0.27% 0 0  
AASENSO 74,722 0.27%   0.64% 1 0   1
1AAAP 74,465 0.27%   0.27% 0 0  
Ang Kabuhayan 74,229 0.27%   0.81% 1 0   1
Agbiag! 70,318 0.25%   0.49% 1 0   1
ABAKADA 69,257 0.25%   0.42% 0 0  
ALL-FISH 69,138 0.25%   0.43% 0 0  
ALIF 68,805 0.25%   0.25% 0 0  
Laang Kawal 68,333 0.25%   1.19% 1 0   1
Sinag 61,696 0.22%   0.22% 0 0  
People's Champ 60,448 0.22%   0.22% 0 0  
LUNTIAN 59,096 0.21%   0.21% 0 0  
GRECON 58,561 0.21%   0.21% 0 0  
ANUPA 54,767 0.20%   0.14% 0 0  
AKO BISDAK 51,228 0.18%   0.18% 0 0  
KOOP-KAMPI 50,889 0.18%   0.18% 0 0  
UNIDO 45,710 0.16%   0.01% 0 0  
1-LAMBAT 44,181 0.16%   0.02% 0 0  
AKO 43,583 0.16%   0.16% 0 0  
BANAT 40,899 0.15%   0.05% 0 0  
1-UTAK 36,285 0.13%   0.13% 0 0  
AMEPA OFW 35,373 0.13%   0.24% 0 0  
ASEAN 32,464 0.12%   0.27% 0 0  
ABS 31,394 0.11%   0.82% 1 0   1
Sulong Dignidad 29,830 0.11%   0.11% 0 0  
Kabalikat 29,187 0.10%   0.10% 0 0  
PTA 28,908 0.10%   0.10% 0 0  
PLM 28,824 0.10%   0.10% 0 0  
PM 28,351 0.10%   0.10% 0 0  
METRO 28,261 0.10%   0.19% 0 0  
1-AHAPO 26,564 0.10%   0.07% 0 0  
Tao Muna 25,946 0.09%   0.18% 0 0  
AVE 25,025 0.09%   0.40% 0 0  
AWAKE 24,780 0.09%   0.00% 0 0  
1-UTAP Bicol 22,948 0.08%   0.08% 0 0  
IP 21,974 0.08%   0.08% 0 0  
Partido Sandugo 19,649 0.07%   0.07% 0 0  
BUKLOD FILIPINO 18,297 0.07%   0.07% 0 0  
FICTAP 16,038 0.06%   0.05% 0 0  
TRICAP 15,731 0.06%   0.10% 0 0  
Tinderong Pinoy 14,580 0.05%   0.09% 0 0  
PPP 13,848 0.05%   0.05% 0 0  
KMM 12,061 0.04%   0.04% 0 0  
MARVELOUS TAYO 11,751 0.04%   0.04% 0 0  
FFP 10,589 0.04%   0.04% 0 0  
1-APTO 8,883 0.03%   0.03% 0 0  
KAMAIS 7,571 0.03%   0.11% 0 0  
SAMAKO 6,344 0.02%   0.14% 0 0  
Total 27,884,790 100.00% N/A 59 61   2
Valid votes 27,884,790 60.22%   11.76%
Invalid votes 18,418,594 39.78%   11.76%
Total turnout 46,303,384 72.73%   7.97%
Registered voters 63,665,944 100.00%   14.22%
 
Gubernatorial election results

LocalEdit

All totals as of the first quarter of 2018:[26]

  • All 81 provincial governors and vice governors, and all regular members of all of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan were up for election.
  • All 145 city mayors and vice mayors, and all regular members of all of the Sangguniang Panlungsod were up for election.
  • All 1,489 municipal mayors and vice mayors, and all regular members of all of the Sangguniang Bayan were up for election.

The ex officio members of the local legislatures, who have been elected after the 2018 barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan elections, shall serve until January 1, 2023, after the barangay elections in May 2020 were postponed to December 2022.

Changes are as compared to the 2016 local elections.

Party Governor Vice governor Board members Mayor Vice-mayor Councilors
Total % +/− Total % +/− Seats % +/− Total % +/− Total % +/− Seats % +/−
PDP–Laban 41 50.6%   41 32 39.5%   30 263 20.9%   257 611 37.4%   571 547 33.5%   514 4,183 20.9%   3,992
Nacionalista 8 9.9%   1 11 13.6%   2 116 9.2%   52 252 15.4%   107 244 14.9%   105 2,009 10.0%   962
NUP 8 9.9%   1 10 12.3%   3 67 5.3%   2 125 7.6%   4 151 9.2%   24 990 4.9%   94
NPC 7 8.6%   2 6 7.4%   4 90 7.1%   17 172 10.5%   29 184 11.2%   2 1,413 7.0%   170
Liberal 2 2.5%   37 5 6.2%   34 54 4.3%   280 47 2.9%   712 62 3.8%   643 385 1.9%   5,066
Lakas 2 2.5%   2 2 2.5%   18 1.4%   14 67 4.1%   61 66 4.0%   57 514 2.6%   450
UNA 1 1.2%   2 3 3.7%   2 9 0.7%   38 19 1.2%   115 20 1.2%   122 235 1.2%   988
LDP 0 0.0%   0 0.0%   4 0.3%   4 11 0.7%   6 9 0.6%   1 91 0.5%   34
Aksyon 0 0.0%   0 0.0%   0 0.0%   2 0.1%   1 2 0.1%   2 19 0.1%   19
Other parties 9 11.1%   3 11 13.6%   9 116 9.2%   49 259 15.9%   147 232 14.2%   122 1,971 9.8%   979
Independent 3 3.7%   2 0 0.0%   6 43 3.4%   22 69 4.2%   38 117 7.2%   41 1,636 8.1%   241
Ex officio members N/A 243 19.3%   N/A 3,268 16.3%  
Totals 81 100%   81 100%   1,023 100%   4 1,634 100%   1,634 100%   16,812 100%   6

GlitchesEdit

On May 13, the number of malfunctioned vote counting machines (VCMs) tripled compared to the 2016 election.[27] According to COMELEC spokesperson James Jimenez, there are 400–600 out of 85,000 VCMs across the country (representing 0.7%) encountered glitches. The machines were from the 2016 elections, and the COMELEC admitted that it could be because the machines are not new.[27]

Faulty SD cards were also reported to be the cause of malfunction. The substandard ballot forms as well as markers that bleed ink are other causes of malfunction and anomalies. The COMELEC will probe the suppliers: Triplex Enterprises Incorporated for the ballot paper and marking pens and S1 Technologies Incorporated and Silicon Valley Computer Group joint venture for the SD cards.[28]

Jimenez, however, said that the problems experienced were still within range of expected range of expectation, as problematic machines account for only less than 1 percent of total machines used.[29]

There are reports of running out of ballots in a polling precinct in Alburquerque, Bohol; affected voters have waited for two hours before the extra ballots was delivered at 3pm.[30] At around 10, the COMELEC has experienced problems with the transparency server where the unofficial tally has been stuck for hours, with only 0.38% of polling precincts have managed to transmit the results.[31][32] But experts agree that the glitches don't necessarily mean cheating took place.[33] The transmission happened, according to PPCRV Chairperson Myla Villanueva. In an interview, Villanueva said that 'results were receiver by transparency server continuously, despite media temporarily not being able to see the results.' She added that 'most importantly, the ERs match with transmitted results.' [34]

Despite the glitches, the random manual audits (RMA) conducted days after the elections show that the 2019 midterms yielded the highest rate of accuracy among the previous automated elections. Based on the 2019 RMA, the accuracy rate for the senatorial votes was at 99.9971 percent; for members of the House 99.9946 percent; and 99.9941 percent for mayor.[35]

The COMELEC recorded at least 20 people have been killed in an election-related incidents and 43 incidents during the course of election campaign as of May 13,[36] most notably the killing of AKO Bicol congressman Rodel Batocabe on December 22, 2018.[37] There are reported violence during the election day: a shooting occurred at the polling center in Panglima Estino, Sulu where six have been injured.[38]

ReactionEdit

In a Pulse Asia opinion poll dated June 24–30, 2019, 82% of those surveyed found the election to be believable while 82% said the release of the results were fast. Meanwhile, 10% of respondents found their names missing in the voters list, 4% of their registration was deactivated, 1% of the vote counting machine malfunctioned, as the issues in the election.[39]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Article VI of the Constitution of the Philippines". COMELEC.gov.ph. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  2. ^ "Republic Act No. 7166". COMELEC.gov.ph. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  3. ^ Gagalac, Ron (October 3, 2018). "Comelec sets calendar for 2019 polls". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  4. ^ Patinio, Ferdinand. "'Trusted build' program for 2019 automated polls set Dec. 14". www.pna.gov.ph. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  5. ^ Patinio, Ferdinand. "Casquejo presents 'trusted build' file for 2019 polls to Comelec". www.pna.gov.ph. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  6. ^ Lagrimas, Nicole-Anne C. (February 1, 2018). "Comelec to purchase P2.12B worth of vote-counting machines used in 2016 for 2019 polls". GMA News. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  7. ^ Morallo, Audrey (October 11, 2017). "House votes to impeach Comelec Chairman Bautista". The Philippine Star. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  8. ^ Ager, Malia; Santos, Tina (October 11, 2017). "Comelec chair Andres Bautista resigns". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  9. ^ "BREAKING: Comelec Chair Bautista's resignation effective immediately – Malacañang". Rappler. October 23, 2017. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
  10. ^ Ranada, Pia. "Sheriff Abas is new Comelec chairman". Rappler. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  11. ^ Sy, Marvin (May 24, 2018). "Comelec chief Sheriff Abas gets Commission on Appointments nod". philstar.com. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  12. ^ Esmaquel, Paterno II (May 30, 2018). "CA confirms Comelec Commissioner Socorro Inting". Rappler. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  13. ^ Esguerra, Anthony Q. (July 16, 2018). "Kho takes oath as new Comelec Commissioner". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  14. ^ Colcol, Erwin (January 3, 2018). "No elections in 2019 possible, says Alvarez". GMA News Online. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  15. ^ Porcalla, Delon (July 12, 2018). "Speaker Alvarez proposes no-elections in 2019 for federalism". The Philippine Star. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  16. ^ Ager, Maila (July 12, 2018). "Sotto: Congress may pass law to postpone 2019 polls". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  17. ^ Ramirez, Robertzon (July 14, 2018). "Concom to Congress: Stop talking 'no-elections' in 2019". The Philippine Star. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  18. ^ Ager, Maila (July 18, 2018). "Lacson: Senators to fight 'tooth and nail' against 'No-el' moves". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  19. ^ Cepeda, Mara (July 27, 2018). "Arroyo opposes proposal to scrap 2019 elections". Rappler. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  20. ^ Commission on Elections
  21. ^ "Number of Elected Candidates by Party Affiliation Per Elective Position, by Sex" (PDF). COMELEC.gov.ph. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  22. ^ Supreme Court en Banc (September 10, 2019). "G.R. No. 246328 - Vice Mayor Shirlyn L. Bañas-Nograles, et al. Vs. Commission on Elections". Supreme Court of the Philippines. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  23. ^ Arnaiz, Jani (December 17, 2019). "Rep. Mercado proclaimed as Congressman for lone District of Southern Leyte". The Reporter. Archived from the original on December 25, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  24. ^ Placido, Dharel. "ACT-CIS, Bayan Muna get 3 party-list seats as Comelec proclaims winners". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  25. ^ Tomacruz, Sofia. "Comelec proclaims 51 winning groups in 2019 party-list elections". Rappler. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  26. ^ "Philippine Statistics Authority | Republic of the Philippines". nap.psa.gov.ph. Archived from the original on April 13, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  27. ^ a b "Comelec admits vote counting machine issues tripled in 2019 polls". ABS-CBN News.
  28. ^ "COMELEC to probe suppliers of defective markers, SD cards". Rappler.
  29. ^ "Problem on VCMs within Comelec's 'range of expectations'". Manila Bulletin.
  30. ^ "Bohol precinct runs out of ballots". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  31. ^ "Comelec server problem delays unofficial tallies". ABS-CBN News.
  32. ^ "Comelec: Slow unofficial count due to 'technical issue'". Rappler.
  33. ^ "Transmission glitches don't necessarily mean electoral fraud". Rappler.
  34. ^ "For the record: Myla Villanueva". GMA News.
  35. ^ "2019 RMA results show highest accuracy in 4 past elections". Manila Bulletin.
  36. ^ "At least 20 killed in election-related violence since December 2018". Rappler.
  37. ^ "Who is Rodel Batocabe?". Rappler.
  38. ^ "6 wounded in shooting near voting center in Sulu". CNN Philippines. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  39. ^ "9 in 10 Filipinos want automated polls to continue — Pulse Asia". Philstar.