Philippine Carabao Center
The Philippine Carabao Center (Filipino: Sentro ng Kalabaw sa Pilipinas), an attached agency of the Department of Agriculture, was established at Science City of Muñoz in Nueva Ecija province in 1992 to breed and cross carabao based on high-yield Murrah buffalo (native breed of Haryana state of India) in the Philippines as a multi-purpose animal that can be raised for milk, meat, hide, and draft.
|Sentro ng Kalabaw sa Pilipinas|
Philippine Carabao Center
|Formed||March 27, 1992|
|Headquarters||Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija|
|Annual budget||₱489.53 million Php (2018)|
|Parent agency||Department of Agriculture|
It was set up in 1992 on a 40 hectares (99 acres) piece of land donated by Central Luzon State University on its main campus, initially with network centers. 7 more network centers were added in 1994 bringing the total to 13. It was sponsored as a bill by the then senator Joseph Estrada and eventually enacted as a law through Republic Act 7307 or the Philippine Carabao Act of 1992.
To improve the breeds and milk yield, high milk yield Murrah buffalo breed were imported from the Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Hisar, India, a reputed species of the dairy type originating from Haryana state of India. Murrah breed are reputed as a high milk yield breed that can produce an average of more than eight liters of milk daily over a 300 days long annual productive cycle. Better performing Murrah buffalo can produce 12 to 15 liters per day on average, with top performers going up to 25 liters per day. PCC also imported Murrah breed from non-native-breed third-party countries such Bulgaria, USA and Latin America. PCC breeds and cross-breeds Murrah buffalo through artificial insemination.
The PCC had some success in reproductive biotechnology in 2004 when the first test-tube buffalo was born on April 5, also the birthday of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Incidentally, the test-tube buffalo is a female and was named as "Glory" after the President.
Milk Yield ImprovementEdit
Late in 2007, according to Filipino scientists, the Center located in Nueva Ecija initiated a study to breed the super water buffalo that could produce 4 to 18 liters of milk/day using gene-based technology. The majority of the funding came from the Department of Science and Technology. When this marker-assisted selection process is perfected it will allow the poor farmers to conserve their resources by raising only the best producers that are genetically selected soon after birth.
- Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU) at Batac city of Ilocos Norte. PCC was established in 1994.
- Cagayan State University (CSU) at Piat city of Cagayan. PCC was established in 1992.
- Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University (DMMMSU) at Rosario city of La Union. PCC established in 1994. PCC was established in 1994.
- Central Luzon State University (CLSU) at Science City of Muñoz of Nueva Ecija. PCC was established in 1992.
- University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) at Los Baños city of Laguna. PCC was established in 1992.
- Visayas State University (VSU) at Baybay city of Leyte. PCC was established in 1994.
- West Visayas State University (WVSU) at Calinog of Iloilo City. PCC was established in 1994.
- La Carlota Stock Farm (LCSF) at La Granja of La Carlota, Negros Occidental. PCC was established in 1992.
- Ubay Stock Farm (USF) at Ubay city of Bohol. PCC was established in 1992.
- Mindanao Livestock Production Center (MLPC) at Kalawit of Zamboanga del Norte. PCC was established in 1994.
- Central Mindanao University (CMU) at University Town, Musuan city of Bukidnon. PCC was established in 1992.
- Mindanao State University (MSU) at Marawi City. PCC was established in 1994.
- University of Southern Mindanao (USM) at Kabacan of North Cotabato. PCC was established in 1994.
- "Impormasyon Tungkol sa Unibersidad" (PDF) (in Filipino). Central Luzon State University: 17.
- "Philippine Carabao Center History". Archived from the original on 7 April 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- Hernandez, Ma. Eloisa E. "The Philippine Carabao Center ...has gone a long way". Bureau of Agricultural Research. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- Robles, Chan. "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7307". Robles Chan Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- "The Philippines: Enterprise-Driven Dairy Development" (PDF). Philippine Carabao Center. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- Uy, Jocelyn (31 December 2007). "Super carabao making the scene in year of the rats". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
- "Philippine Carabao Center". chanrobles.com.
- "PCC Network centers.", PCC.
- "PCC history"., PCC.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Philippine Carabao Center (CLSU, Science City of Muñoz).|
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|Wikisource has the text of an 1879 American Cyclopædia article about Water buffalo.|