Philippe Séguin (21 April 1943 – 7 January 2010) was a French political figure who was President of the National Assembly from 1993 to 1997 and President of the Cour des Comptes of France from 2004 to 2010.
|First President of the Court of Audit|
21 July 2004 – 7 January 2010
|Preceded by||François Logerot|
|Succeeded by||Didier Migaud|
|President of the National Assembly|
2 April 1993 – 12 June 1997
|President||François Mitterrand |
|Preceded by||Henri Emmanuelli|
|Succeeded by||Laurent Fabius|
|President of Rally for the Republic|
|Preceded by||Alain Juppé|
|Succeeded by||Nicolas Sarkozy (Acting)|
|Minister for Social Affairs and Employment|
20 March 1986 – 12 May 1988
|Prime Minister||Jacques Chirac|
|Preceded by||Georgina Dufoix|
|Succeeded by||Michel Delebarre|
|Member of the National Assembly for Vosges's 1st constituency|
19 March 1978 – 1 April 1986
12 June 1988 – 18 June 2002
|Mayor of Épinal|
18 March 1983 – 9 November 1997
|Preceded by||Pierre Blanck|
|Succeeded by||Michel Heinrich|
|Born||21 April 1943|
|Died||7 January 2010 (aged 66)|
|Political party||Union for the New Republic|
Union of Democrats for the Republic
Rally for the Republic
|Alma mater||Sciences Po Aix, ÉNA|
He entered the Court of Financial Auditors in 1970, but he began a political career in the Neo-Gaullist party RPR. In 1978, he was elected to the National Assembly as a deputy for the Vosges département. He was Mayor of Épinal between 1983 and 1997.
Representing the social tradition of the Gaullism, he was Minister of Social Affairs in Jacques Chirac's cabinet, from 1986 to 1988. After Chirac's defeat at the 1988 presidential election, he allied with Charles Pasqua and criticized the abandonment of Gaullist doctrine by the RPR executive. He accused Alain Juppé and Édouard Balladur of wanting an alignment on liberal and pro-European policies.
As president of the National Assembly from 1993 to 1997, he supported the winning candidacy of Jacques Chirac at the 1995 presidential election. He inspired the theme of Chirac's campaign which was named "the social fracture".
Their relations deteriorated when he took the lead of the RPR, after the right-wing defeat at the 1997 legislative election. He failed to change the name of the party to "The Rally". He criticized the ascendancy of President Chirac within the party, refusing to be the leader of a "Chirac's fan-club". He resigned in 1999 just before the European elections, leaving his deputy Nicolas Sarkozy in charge.
As the RPR's official candidate, he lost the 2001 mayoral election in Paris. Refusing the merge of the Neo-Gaullist party with the right-wing classical forces in the Union for a Popular Movement, he quit politics in 2002.
- President of the Court of Audit of France : 2004-2010 (Death).
- Minister of Social Affairs and Employment : 1986–1988.
- President of the National Assembly of France : 1993–1997.
- Vice-president of the National Assembly of France : 1981–1986.
- Member of the National Assembly of France for Vosges (1st constituency) : 1978–1986 / 1988–2002. Elected in 1978, reelected in 1981, 1986, 1988, 1993, 1997.
- Vice-president of the Regional Council of Lorraine : 1979–1983.
- Regional councillor of LorraineLorraine : 1979–1986.
- Mayor of Épinal : 1983–1997 (resigned).
- Municipal councillor of Épinal : 1983–1997 (resigned).
- Councillor of Paris : 2001–2002 (resigned).
- President of the Rally for the Republic : 1997–1999 (resigned).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Philippe Séguin.|
- Official page
- Philippe Seguin - Daily Telegraph obituary
- Death of Philippe Séguin, Radio France Internationale in English