Philippe Séguin

Philippe Séguin (21 April 1943 – 7 January 2010) was a French political figure who was President of the National Assembly from 1993 to 1997 and President of the Cour des Comptes of France from 2004 to 2010.

Philippe Séguin
Philippe Seguin 2005.jpg
Philippe Séguin in 2005
First President of the Court of Audit
In office
21 July 2004 – 7 January 2010
PresidentJacques Chirac
Nicolas Sarkozy
Preceded byFrançois Logerot
Succeeded byDidier Migaud
President of the National Assembly
In office
2 April 1993 – 12 June 1997
PresidentFrançois Mitterrand
Jacques Chirac
Preceded byHenri Emmanuelli
Succeeded byLaurent Fabius
President of Rally for the Republic
In office
Preceded byAlain Juppé
Succeeded byNicolas Sarkozy (Acting)
Minister for Social Affairs and Employment
In office
20 March 1986 – 12 May 1988
Prime MinisterJacques Chirac
Preceded byGeorgina Dufoix
Succeeded byMichel Delebarre
Member of the National Assembly for Vosges's 1st constituency
In office
19 March 1978 – 1 April 1986
In office
12 June 1988 – 18 June 2002
Mayor of Épinal
In office
18 March 1983 – 9 November 1997
Preceded byPierre Blanck
Succeeded byMichel Heinrich
Personal details
Born(1943-04-21)21 April 1943
Tunis, Tunisia
Died7 January 2010(2010-01-07) (aged 66)
Paris, France
Political partyUnion for the New Republic
Union of Democrats for the Republic
Rally for the Republic
Alma materSciences Po Aix, ÉNA

He entered the Court of Financial Auditors in 1970, but he began a political career in the Neo-Gaullist party RPR. In 1978, he was elected to the National Assembly as a deputy for the Vosges département. He was Mayor of Épinal between 1983 and 1997.

Representing the social tradition of the Gaullism, he was Minister of Social Affairs in Jacques Chirac's cabinet, from 1986 to 1988. After Chirac's defeat at the 1988 presidential election, he allied with Charles Pasqua and criticized the abandonment of Gaullist doctrine by the RPR executive. He accused Alain Juppé and Édouard Balladur of wanting an alignment on liberal and pro-European policies.

In 1992, he played a leading role in the No campaign against the Maastricht Treaty. On the eve of the vote he opposed President François Mitterrand in a televised debate.

As president of the National Assembly from 1993 to 1997, he supported the winning candidacy of Jacques Chirac at the 1995 presidential election. He inspired the theme of Chirac's campaign which was named "the social fracture".

Their relations deteriorated when he took the lead of the RPR, after the right-wing defeat at the 1997 legislative election. He failed to change the name of the party to "The Rally". He criticized the ascendancy of President Chirac within the party, refusing to be the leader of a "Chirac's fan-club". He resigned in 1999 just before the European elections, leaving his deputy Nicolas Sarkozy in charge.

As the RPR's official candidate, he lost the 2001 mayoral election in Paris. Refusing the merge of the Neo-Gaullist party with the right-wing classical forces in the Union for a Popular Movement, he quit politics in 2002.

He died at the age of 66 on 7 January 2010 from a heart attack.[1]

Political careerEdit

Governmental function

  • Minister of Social Affairs and Employment : 1986–1988.

Electoral mandates

National Assembly

Regional Council

  • Vice-president of the Regional Council of Lorraine : 1979–1983.
  • Regional councillor of LorraineLorraine : 1979–1986.

Municipal Council

  • Mayor of Épinal : 1983–1997 (resigned).
  • Municipal councillor of Épinal : 1983–1997 (resigned).
  • Councillor of Paris : 2001–2002 (resigned).

Political functions


  1. ^ "Philippe Séguin est mort", Le Monde, 7 January 2010 (in French).

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Henri Emmanuelli
President of the National Assembly
Succeeded by
Laurent Fabius
Party political offices
Preceded by
Alain Juppé
President of Rally for the Republic
Succeeded by
Nicolas Sarkozy
Preceded by
Jean Tiberi
Rally for the Republic nominee for Mayor of Paris
Succeeded by
Françoise de Panafieu