Philippa of Antioch (1148 – 1178), was Lady of Toron by her marriage to Humphrey II of Toron and a mistress of Andronikos I Komnenos.

Philippa of Antioch
Coat-of-arms of de Poitiers as princes of Antioch.
Lady of Toron
(modern-day Antakya, Hatay, Turkey)
St Marie, Josaphat
SpouseHumphrey II of Toron
FatherRaymond of Poitiers
MotherConstance of Antioch

Early life and family Edit

Philippa was the younger daughter of Constance, Princess of Antioch and her first husband Raymond of Poitiers.[1] Philippa's siblings were Bohemond III of Antioch and Maria of Antioch, who married Manuel I Komnenos. In 1149, her father died in the Battle of Inab,[2] and her mother remarried in 1153 to Raynald of Châtillon.[1] From this marriage at least one daughter was born, Agnes who married Bela III of Hungary.[3]

Court Edit

Philippa encountered Andronikos I Komnenos at the court of the Principality of Antioch. Captivated by him, she was seduced and was his mistress from 1166–1167.[4]

After she was abandoned by Andronikos, Philippa married Humphrey II of Toron.[5] She and Humphrey however, had no children. Philippa died in 1178 around aged thirty. She was buried at the church of St. Mary in the Valley of Josaphat.[6]

References Edit

  1. ^ a b Hodgson 2007, p. xvi.
  2. ^ Tyerman 2006, p. 195.
  3. ^ Mielke 2021, p. 92.
  4. ^ Hatzaki 2009, p. 127.
  5. ^ Runciman 1999, p. 378.
  6. ^ Hamilton & Jotischky 2020, p. 179.

Sources Edit

  • Hamilton, Bernard; Jotischky, Andrew (2020). Latin and Greek Monasticism in the Crusader States. Cambridge University Press.
  • Hatzaki, Myrto (2009). Beauty and the Male Body in Byzantium: Perceptions and Representations in Art and Text. Springer.
  • Hodgson, Natasha R. (2007). Women, Crusading and the Holy Land in Historical Narrative. The Boydell Press.
  • Mielke, Christopher (2021). The Archaeology and Material Culture of Queenship in Medieval Hungary, 1000–1395. Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Runciman, Steven (1999). A History of the Crusades. Vol. 2: The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East, 1100–1187. Cambridge University Press.
  • Tyerman, Christopher (2006). God's War: A New History of the Crusades. Harvard University Press.