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Philip Reed (1760 – November 2, 1829) was a United States Senator representing Maryland from 1806 to 1813.

Philip Reed
Philip Reed portrait.png
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 6th district
In office
March 19, 1822 – March 3, 1823
Preceded byJeremiah Cosden
Succeeded byGeorge Edward Mitchell
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1817 – March 3, 1819
Preceded byRobert Wright
Succeeded byStevenson Archer
United States Senator
from Maryland
In office
November 25, 1806 – March 4, 1813
Preceded byRobert Wright
Succeeded byRobert H. Goldsborough
Personal details
Chestertown, Maryland
DiedNovember 2, 1829 (aged 68–69)
Huntingtown, Maryland
Political partyDemocratic-Republican

Born near Chestertown, Maryland, in 1760, Reed completed preparatory studies and served with the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, attaining the rank of captain of infantry. He participated in the Battle of Stony Point in 1779, and later attested to having cut off the head of an American deserter so that it could be displayed to the troops as a deterrent.[1] Reed was seriously wounded at the Battle of Camden in 1780. He was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates in 1787, sheriff of Kent County, Maryland from 1791 to 1794, and also member of the executive council of Maryland from 1805 to 1806.

Reed was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the United States Senate in 1806 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Wright. He was reelected the same year and served from November 25, 1806 to March 3, 1813. Although he voted, on June 17, 1812, against declaring war on Britain, Reed served as a lieutenant colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of the Maryland Militia and later as lieutenant colonel commandant. He led a successful defense in the Battle of Caulk's Field in August 1814.

After the War, Reed was elected to the House of Representatives in the Fifteenth Congress, serving from March 4, 1817 to March 3, 1819. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1818 to the Sixteenth Congress, but successfully contested the election of Jeremiah Cosden to the House in the Seventeenth Congress and served the remainder of the term from March 19, 1822 to March 3, 1823.

In 1828, he served as vice president of the Maryland Society of the Cincinnati.

He died in Huntingtown, Maryland, and is interred in the cemetery of Christ Church near Chestertown.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Letter of Philip Reed to Noah's Register, 1828, defending Gen. Andrew Jackson's execution of deserters.
  • United States Congress. "Philip Reed (id: R000125)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

External linksEdit