Michael Ellis (bishop)
Michael Ellis OSB (8 September 1652 – 16 November 1726) was an English Benedictine monk who was a prelate of the Catholic Church. He served as the first Vicar Apostolic of the Western District of England and Wales, and subsequently Bishop of Segni in Italy.
|Bishop of Segni|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||3 October 1708|
|In office||28 October 1708–16 November 1726|
|Successor||Gianfrancesco De' Bisleti|
|Consecration||6 May 1688|
by Ferdinando d'Adda
|Birth name||Philip Ellis|
|Born||8 September 1652|
Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire, England
|Died||16 November 1726 (aged 74)|
Segni, Papal States
|Buried||Chapel of the Seminary of Segni, Rome|
|Parents||John Ellis & Susannah Welbore|
He was born Philip Ellis, the son of John Ellis, Rector of Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire, a descendant of the Ellis family of Kiddall Hall, Yorkshire, and Susannah Welbore. Of six brothers, John, the eldest, became Under-Secretary of State to William III of England; William, a Jacobite Protestant, was Secretary of State of James II of England in exile; Welbore became Protestant bishop of Kildare and afterwards of Bishop of Meath, Ireland; Samuel was Marshal of King's Bench; and Charles an Anglican clergyman.
Ellis, while still a Westminster schoolboy, was converted to the Catholic faith from his Anglicanism, and when 18 years old went to St Gregory Priory in Douai, France, where he was received as a monk, taking the religious name of Michael, making his religious profession on 30 November 1670. Receiving ordination shortly after, he returned in 1685 to serve in the English Mission, at which time he became one of the royal chaplains. In 1688 he was appointed vicar Apostolic of the newly created Western District and was consecrated by Ferdinando d'Adda, the papal nuncio (6 May).
During the Glorious Revolution of 1688 Ellis was imprisoned, but being soon liberated he retired to the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye in France and afterwards to Rome. In 1696 he was named an Assistant at the Pontifical Throne; in Rome his knowledge of English affairs made him so useful that his repeated petitions for leave to return to his vicariate were refused.
In 1704 Ellis resigned the vicariate, and in 1708 was made the Bishop of Segni by Pope Clement XI, being enthroned on 28 October. His first care was to rebuild the ruined Monastery of Santa Chiara and open it as a diocesan seminary. This he enriched with many gifts and a large legacy. A curious survival of his English title is an inscription at Segni to "Ph. M. Mylord Ellis". After his death, this became his resting place.
Eleven sermons preached in 1685 and 1686 before King James II, Queen Mary of Modena, and Queen Dowager Catherine of Braganza, were published in pamphlet form, some of which have been reprinted (London, 1741; 1772). The Acts of his synod at Segni in 1710 were also published by order of Pope Clement.
- "Ellis, Philip [name in religion Michael]". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8706.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- "Bishop Philip Michael Ellis, O.S.B." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
|Catholic Church titles|
|New title|| Vicar Apostolic of the Western District
| Titular Bishop of Aureliopolis in Asia
| Bishop of Segni
Gianfrancesco De' Bisleti