Philip I (Greek: Φίλιππος, romanizedPhilippos; fl.c. 593 BC) was king[a] of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon. He was a member of the Argead dynasty and son of Argaeus I. By allowing thirty years for the span of an average generation from the beginning of Archelaus' reign in 413 BC, British historian Nicholas Hammond estimated that Philip ruled around 593 BC.[3]

Philip I
King of Macedonia
PredecessorArgaeus I
SuccessorAeropus I
IssueAeropus I
FatherArgaeus I
ReligionAncient Greek religion

As king, Philip was noted to be both wise and courageous. He resisted successive invasions by the Illyrians, but was eventually killed in battle against them, leaving the crown to his infant son, Aeropus I.[4][5][6] Philip's wife is unknown.

Very little is known of Philip I due to his early status as a king of Macedon. However, his family line would eventually lead to Alexander the Great.

References edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ While Greeks such as Demosthenes and Aristotle referred to them as such, there is no evidence that any Macedonian ruler prior to Alexander III used an official royal title (basileus).[1][2]

Citations edit

  1. ^ Errington, R.M. (1974). "Macedonian 'Royal Style' and Its Historical Significance". The Journal of Hellenic Studies. 94: 20. doi:10.2307/630417. JSTOR 630417. S2CID 162629292.
  2. ^ King, Carol (2010). "Macedonian Kingship and Other Political Institutions". In Roisman, Joseph; Worthington, Ian (eds.). A Companion to Ancient Macedonia. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 375.
  3. ^ N.G.L., Hammond; Griffith, G.T. (1979). A History of Macedonia Volume II: 550-336 B.C. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 4.
  4. ^ Farr, Edward ''History of the Macedonians'' (Robert Carter & Brothers, New York, 1850), pg. 37
  5. ^ Herodotus Histories viii
  6. ^ Justin vii. 2
Philip I of Macedon
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Macedon
c. 593 BC
Succeeded by