Philadelphia Scrope (d. 1627) was an English aristocrat and courtier.
In November 1593 a page of Lady Scrope, who was lady of the bedchamber, died in the keep at Windsor Castle and Queen Elizabeth considered moving her household for fear of sickness. Lady Scrope took part in the Harefield Entertainment in August 1602, and was given a mask or vizard, as the lines "Want you a mask! Here fortune give you one: Yet nature gives the rose and lily none" were recited.
She was at the queen's bedside near the time of her death. She is mentioned in Elizabeth Southwell's narrative of the queen's final days, as her special confidante. On the queen's death she passed her ring to her brother Robert Carey, who rode to Scotland to give it to James VI.
On 2 May 1603 Lady Scrope and Anne, Countess of Worcester, Frances, Countess of Kildare, Lady Anne Herbert, Penelope, Lady Rich, Audrey Walsingham and others went to Berwick-upon-Tweed to welcome Anne of Denmark to England, according to the directions of the Privy Council. Anne came to Berwick on the 9 May. Some of the women had travelled into Scotland to meet her ahead of the others. Another group of women, led by Lucy, Countess of Bedford also travelled to Scotland, attempting to gain the new queen's favour.
- Thomas Birch, Memoirs of the Reign of Elizabeth, vol. 1 (London, 1754), p. 133.
- John Nichols, Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, vol. 3 (London, 1823), pp. 227, 605.
- Robert S. Miola, Early Modern Catholicism: An Anthology of Primary Sources (Oxford, 2007), p. 466.
- Kristen S. Bundesen, 'Philadelphia Carey Scrope', Carole Levin, Anna Riehl Bertolet, Jo Eldridge Carney, A Biographical Encyclopedia of Early Modern Englishwomen (Routledge, 2017), p. 521.
- 'Philadelphia Carey', Mapping Memorials to Women in Scotland
- Kristen Bundesen, Philadelphia Carey Scrope: Keeper of the Scottish King James's Sapphire Ring
- James Balfour, Annals: The Historical Works of James Balfour, vol. 2 (Edinburgh, 1824), p. 414: John Nichols, Progresses of James the First, vol. 1 (London, 1828), pp. 167-8.